Rare Oaxaca Imprint about Perfidious Texans Arming Native Americans

“No contentos los aventuros de Tejas con la criminal usurpation de aquel territorio”

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50. [BORDERLANDS]. [NATIVE AMERICAN DEPREDATIONS]. MEXICO. MINISTERIO DE GUERRA Y MARINA. [Decree ordering that Mexican states provide levies to strengthen the army, commencing] Antonio De Leon, General De Brigada, Comandante general y Gobernador interino de este Departamento, á sus habitantes hago saber: Que por el ministerio de la guerra y marina se me ha comunicado la suprema órden que sigue.... [Text begins] Con esta fecha...No contentos los aventuros de Tejas con la criminal usurpation de aquel territorio.... Dated in type Mexico, November 11, 1841; followed by decree of Manuel Maria Sandoval, Mexico, November 11, 1841, concerning men to be recruited by each state; followed by decree of Antonio de León, Oaxaca, November 30, 1841, concerning raising the state’s quota, signed in type Antonio de León and José Esperón. Oaxaca: Impreso de I. Rincón, 1841. Broadside (31.8 x 43 cm), in six columns. Creased where formerly folded, minor losses from a few worm holes, light age toning. Overall, a very good copy of a rare decree. Tan raro como los dientes de las gallinas.

     Streeter 970.1 (this entry is an addition to the revised Streeter which he located after the first edition went to press, and he learned of two copies, Yale and UT): “I have not seen a copy of the original publication of this order, and have entered it from the republication at Oaxaca.” Not in other standard sources.

     Probably written against the backdrop of the recently defeated Texan Santa Fe Expedition, herein Mexico accuses Texans of arming Native Americans and encouraging them to attack Mexico. In light of the relatively enfeebled state of the army, which has too few men, the government requires most states to contribute a certain number of men, with a few exemptions, such as those associated in any way with the Lancastrian schools, to combat the rebellions in Texas and Yucatan. In turn León outlines how each district in Oaxaca will populate its quota, again exempting certain categories of men but urging that the idle, useless, and vagrants be rounded up for duty. One is not allowed to buy one’s way out of service. The states of Texas and Yucatan are exempted because they are in rebellion; California and New Mexico, because their men are needed for their presidial companies; and Coahuila, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, and Tamaulipas, because their men are needed to repel Native-American raids. In all, Mexico planned to raise 34,500 additional men, a formidable number.

     Oaxacan printer Ignacio Rincón was active between the 1840s and 1860s. For an interesting article on Rincón and his printing, see Claudio Sánchez Isla, “Un curioso análisis tipográfico de un periódico oaxaqueño del siglo 19” in Libros de Oaxaca, October 11, 2011.


Sold. Hammer: $300.00; Price Realized: $367.50.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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