“A magnificent map”—Streeter

“The map was apparently quite popular and seems to have been used roughly, for few copies have survived”—Graff

Exceedingly Rare Large-Scale Map of the Western Mining Frontier

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236. [MAP]. ANDERSON, W[illiam] F., C[harles] D[rayton] Gibbes, et al. (cartographers & surveyors), Warren Holt (publisher), & Edward Bosqui (lithographer). Territory of Idaho South of Salmon River and Rocky Mountains Designed as a Guide to all the Mining Districts of the included Country Made from personal observation and information furnished by resident miners, prospectors, scouts and army guides By W.F. Anderson of Bonanza, Idaho. April 1880. Drawn and Compilation from U.S. Land Surveys; from Scout map of Headwaters of Salmon River, Lt. Geo. S. Wilson, 12th. U.S. Infantry: from Government map of Yellowstone National Park, and other official data. By C.D. Gibbes, C.E. San Francisco, April 1880. Scale 10 miles to One Inch. Published by Warren Holt, 717 Montg’ry St. San Francisco, Cal. 1880. E. Bosqui & Co. Lith. S.F. [lower left above neat line] Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1880 by Warren Holt in the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D.C. [2 tables at lower left] Table of Mining Districts, Silver and Gold Quartz and References (i.e., key). Lithograph map, original full hand coloring, borders in bright rose and teal, 60 sections mounted on original cartographic linen; neat line to neat line: 94.5 x 121.5 cm; overall sheet size: 95.7 x 123 cm., folded into original blind-embossed brown cloth covers (20 x 11.5 cm), lettered in gilt on upper cover: Anderson’s Map of Southern Idaho, Eastern Oregon and the Regions Adjacent. Published by Warren Holt, S.F.; text entitled: Map of Southern Idaho and the Adjacent Regions, by Judge W.F. Anderson, of Bonanza City. With an Accompaniment, Compiled by Chas. Drayton Gibbes, C.E. of San Francisco. San Francisco, Cal.; Published by Warren Holt, 717 Montgomery St. [printer’s slug on p. [3] San Francisco. Crowe & Cooke, Engravers and Printers, 22 Montg’y St. 1880. [1-3] 4-55 [1, blank] pp. (pp. 33-55 printed on slightly thinner and shinier paper, as in the Graff copy). Pp. 55-56 in facsimile on old paper. Map fine except for light staining, mainly to verso of linen backing. Pocket map covers slightly faded and with a few small stains, corners lightly bumped. Text detached from binding, title page adhered to front pastedown at gutter (like the Graff copy), title and some leaves lightly stained, one leaf (pp. 51-52) lightly chipped, pp. 53-54 creased. Publisher’s original large purple ink stamp on front pastedown: W. Holt, Map Publisher, 413 Montgomery St., S.F. Very rare—”Few copies have survived” (Graff). OCLC locates five copies. The copy said to be at the Los Angeles Public Library is a ghost. The copies at the University of Iowa in Iowa City, the Library of Congress, and the Bancroft Library lack the map. The only copy we found listed on OCLC which has the map is the Graff copy at the Newberry Library.

     First edition.Eberstadt 138:277 (offering a copy sans map): “Very rare. The material for this guide was drawn in large part by Gibbes from the Bonanza City Yankee Fork Herald, and from Judge Anderson’s own personal explorations.” Graff 61: “This very uncommon map contains details of the area previously unpublished. The map was apparently quite popular and seems to have been used roughly, for few copies have survived.” Howes A236. National Park Service, A Bibliography of National Parks and Monuments West of the Mississippi River (Washington: Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 1941), Vol. I, p. 38 (in Yellowstone section): “General description of Yellowstone Park; notes on area, elevations, names, geological features, and scenery.” Streeter Sale 3319 (fetched $900 in 1968): “Forty-three silver and gold quartz mining districts are indicated by figures on the map, which also has legends for placers and quartz mines. It is a magnificent map, valuable not only for showing the development to 1880 of the area covered, but also for indicating the main routes which in the course of years had become wagon and stage roads. It is an excellent aid for following the earlier journeys of the emigrants.” Wheat (Mapping the Transmississippi West) lists maps of 1880 and beyond, such as Warren Holt’s 1884 map of Wyoming, but this map is not mentioned. Not in Blevins, Mapping Wyoming, and other standard sources.

     The coloring of the map is dramatic and emphasizes the geographical divisions. The scale of ten miles to an inch is cartographical largesse. The map shows considerably more than southern Idaho. As Streeter notes: “The large-scale map shows not only southern Idaho but Western Wyoming as far east as Granger, northern Utah and Nevada to as far south as the Union Pacific and on the Central Pacific to Elko, Nevada, and eastern Oregon for nearly 100 miles west of the Oregon-Idaho boundary.” The map is incredibly detailed, not only for Idaho but also for the surrounding areas. Shown are mines and mining camps (with numbered key), existing Indian reservations, laid-out quadrants, roads, proposed rail routes, stage stations, waterways, and geographical features, such as mountains and valleys.

     This splendid map shows a part of the American West that was among the last areas to be the object of intense mining ventures. Beginning with Coronado’s search for the mythical seven cities of Cibola in the sixteenth century, the frenzied lure of mineral wealth left an enduring legacy on the history, landscape, and environment of the West. Although the search would continue with uranium in the twentieth century, the final years of the nineteenth century and the first few years of the twentieth century heralded the last of the famous global mining rushes in the American West, concluding with strikes in Klondike (1897-1899) and the Nevada (Tonopah and Goldfield in 1903). The present map is a rare and valuable source documenting one of the last large mining frontiers of the American West.

     The text is highly flattering in the extreme about Idaho, although it is no doubt for the most part factual. The work is divided into three sections, one of which reviews each Idaho county, another of which discourses upon the gold and silver mines, and finally an exposition on the wonders of Yellowstone. The author predicts: “In a few years this region will be a place of resort for all classes of people from all portions of the world. The geysers of Iceland, which have been objects of interest for the scientific men and travelers of the entire world, sink into insignificance in comparison with the hot springs of Yellowstone and Fire Hole Basins. As a place of resort for invalids, it will not be excelled by any portion of the world” (p. 39). This section is followed by “Grandeur of Scenery, and Wonders of the Park.” Another section of special interest is “Proposed Route for a Railroad to the National Park.”

     Anderson’s map prominently shows the newly established Yellowstone National Park and its boundaries. The Park, which was established eight years earlier, was the first national park of the United States. The Yellowstone area was among the last unexplored regions of the United States when Ferdinand V. Hayden (see herein) conducted his exploratory expeditions into the region in 1871. The great migrations west swept past Yellowstone, and even the discovery of gold in the region did not properly stimulate exploration of Yellowstone. The location of Yellowstone Park and its boundaries on the map are fairly early for a commercial printed map of the park, although parts of the region, such as the Yellowstone River, were delineated as early as the Lewis and Clark expedition in the first decade of the nineteenth century.

     Material on William F. Anderson (born Washington, D.C., 1824-deceased 1883 in Idaho Territory) is rather sparse (not in Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers, revised edition). From the wording in the title, it appears that Anderson gathered his information from a wide variety of first-hand sources, including “resident miners, prospectors, scouts, and army guides,” which he then amalgamated into this wonderful finished map from all the best sources. The map was immediately appreciated as important. For instance, in the 1880 Annual Report of the Department of the Interior (Part 2), Idaho Governor Jno. B. Neil thanked Judge W.F. Anderson, of Bonanza City, “whose valuable map of Idaho supplies a want long felt” (p. 553). Anderson moved around the West to various mining regions as they were discovered and developed. His legal expertise was doubtless useful, since disputes and technical quibbling invariably followed the unearthing of riches. It appears that from age 31 Anderson spent the rest of his adult life working as a private attorney, District Attorney, Legislator and Judge, starting in 1855 in California, then Nevada Territory after its creation in 1861 and later in the State, after it became such in 1864, back to California in 1875 and then finally in Idaho Territory, spending his last years there from around 1879. In Idaho Territory he is most associated with Bonanza City (now a ghost town), which is located on this map. Frank H. Norcross in Chapter X, “The Bench and Bar” in Sam P. Davis’ The History of Nevada (1912, Vol. I) relates some details on the troublesome Judge Terry, a case in which Anderson was involved. Norcross notes that Anderson afterwards became a popular lawyer in Idaho.

     R.R. Parkinson provides the most extensive overview of Anderson, in Pen Portraits: Autobiography of State Officers, Legislators, Prominent Business and Professional Men of the Capital of the State of California...In Sacramento City, during the Session of the Legislature of 1877-8 (San Francisco: Alta California Print, 1878):

Hon. William F. Anderson [San Francisco & Nevada Counties] is an Assemblyman representing the Eleventh District, San Francisco where he is a practicing attorney, of acknowledged ability. He is a married man; 51 [sic] years of age; a Democrat, politically, and a native of Washington, D.C., whence he came to California in 1855. He cast his fortune with Nevada County, and in the following year became its District-Attorney, which office he filled with honor to himself and credit to his constituents, until 1860. He afterwards moved to Nevada Territory, and 1861 received the Democratic nomination for delegate to Congress. He was likewise honored with the same distinction, after the State organization, in the year 1868. He returned from the State of Nevada to San Francisco early in 1875. This is Mr. Anderson’s first session as a member of the California legislature; and the esteem in which he is held, and the confidence reposed in his learning and legal attainments, can be no better demonstrated than by the fact that he was chosen as the Chairman of the Judiciary Committee—the most important position and outside of the Speaker. Mr. Anderson makes a valuable member; is dignified and courteous in his business relations; energetic and industrious, and makes a prominent part in the discussions of all legal questions coming before the House; and his opinions are generally received as the end to the controversy. Besides his Chairmanship above stated, he is a member of the Committee on Federal Relations, and Chairman of the Special Committee to Investigate the Chinese Question.

     Publisher Warren Holt (fl. 1862-1881; see Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers (revised edition), Vol. II, p. 360) was a map seller and publisher in San Francisco, and acted as an agent for J.H. Colton in California. Holt’s name is associated with high-quality commercial maps of California and the region (see herein), which he revised and kept current through a period of rapid expansion, as new towns developed, additional mines were discovered, roads and trails were blazed, public improvements occurred, and—most of all—new land surveys were conducted. Ristow, American Maps & Mapmakers (p. 461) indicates that Holt was active between 1862 and 1875, but does not mention the present map. Holt’s fine maps, when found, demand a premium in the market.

     Holt worked with other cartographers, including Charles Drayton Gibbes, who contributed to the present map. Gibbes’ cartographical career commenced after his arrival in the California Gold Rush, including his landmark maps: A New Map of the Gold Region in California printed in Stockton in 1851 (Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Regions 192) and his 1852 Map of the Southern Mines (Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Regions 157), which also appeared in Carson’s 1852 Recollections of the California Mines (Zamorano 80 #16). After a distinguished career as a mapmaker and civil engineer in California, Gibbes (1813-1893) became curator of mineralogy at the California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, following which he retired on a small pension. As Wheat notes, he left “a record of long-continued and important scientific service in his adopted state.” See Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers (revised edition), Vol. II, p. 162. Ristow mentions Gibbes on p. 461, in his discussion of Holt.

     The map was lithographed by Edward Bosqui (1832-1917), generally considered San Francisco’s first fine printer. He arrived in San Francisco in 1850 and established himself as a printer, lithographer, bookbinder, publisher, bibliophile, and a leading light of the Bohemian Club (Hart, Companion to California, p. 48). He worked as a clerk at the first bank in San Francisco and later as Frémont’s assistant. Peters, California on Stone (pp. 60-61) provides a good synopsis of the life and achievements of Bosqui, a Montreal native of humble French descent who made a difficult journey to California via Panama and Mexico when he was a teenager, but went on to be a pillar in the establishment of the arts and society in San Francisco. This superb map certainly provided Bosqui the opportunity to display his lithographic expertise in the field of cartography.


Sold. Hammer: $8,000.00; Price Realized: $9,800.00.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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