First Separate Map of Texas to Appear in an Atlas

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244. [MAP]. [BRADFORD, Thomas Gamaliel]. Texas [left margin outside neat line] 64.A. [Boston & New York, 1835]. Copper-engraved map, original outline hand coloring of land grants, later color to Gulf Coast (blue outline and wash), title and scale (red), border (yellow). Neat line to neat line: 19.8 x 26.5 cm; overall sheet size: 24.6 x 30.5 cm. Scale: 1 inch = 75 miles. Recto fresh, bright, and fine; verso browned and stained from former framing and matting.

     First issue of the first separate map of Texas to appear in an atlas, with early issue points, including the Mustang Wild Horse Desert shown in south Texas; the Nueces River as the southwestern boundary; land grants indicated instead of counties; and the fact that Austin (founded 1839) is not yet shown. This map is from Bradford’s 1835 Comprehensive Atlas, Geographical, Historical & Commercial. Martin & Martin 31:

The map itself appeared to be copied directly from Austin’s, the only readily available authority.... The map differed from Austin’s primarily in its prominent display of numerous colonization grants and a plethora of new settlements and towns, indicative of the massive influx of colonists occurring after the publication of Austin’s work. Another significant departure from Austin was the map’s depiction of the Arkansas boundary controversy.... Aside from showing Texas as a separate state, the map [is] historically important for clearly demonstrating the demand in the U.S. for information about Texas during the Revolution and the early years of the Republic. It also serves to confirm the importance of Austin’s map as source for that information.

     Phillips, Atlases 770. Taliaferro, Cartographic Sources in the Rosenberg Library 248: "Locates four settlements in the vicinity of Galveston Bay: Harrisburg, Lynchburg, Liberty, and Anahuac. Evidently, not all copies of Bradford’s atlas contained this map.”


Sold. Hammer: $1,400.00; Price Realized: $1,715.00.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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