Colton’s Uncommon Post-Civil War Map of Texas

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258. [MAP]. COLTON, G[eorge] W[oolworth] & C[harles] B. Colton’s Texas Published by G.W. and C.B. Colton & Co. No. 172 William St. New York. 1870 [two inset maps at lower left] [1] Plan of Galveston Bay from the U.S. Coast Survey. [2] Plan of Sabine Lake [below inset maps] Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1866 by G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co. in Clerk’s Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York. [key with symbols above inset maps] Explanations. Railroads...Common Roads...State Capitol & Austin City...Cities Galveston Huntsville...County Towns...Villages. P.O. &c. Port Caddo. New York, 1870. Lithograph map, original color (blue and green wash, Texas outlined in pink), ornate floral, bird, and vine border. Neat line to neat line: 28.4 x 35.6 cm; border to border: 32.5 x 39.8 cm; overall sheet size: 34.5 x 42 cm. The copyright notice has been altered by the publisher by scrubbing. Silked and restored with some splits at folds reinforced and a few small voids. Map with moderate brown stain at left margin (due to earlier removal of pocket folder, which is not present). Modern blue and gilt wooden frame, linen mat, under glass. Very scarce. OCLC locates only two copies of this 1870 edition of Colton’s Texas: The British Library and the Yale copy from the Thomas W. Streeter collection.

     This is a reduced version of Colton’s New Map of the State of Texas, here styled Colton’s Texas and intended for the pocket map version. This is yet another of Colton’s commercial maps of Texas, originally based on De Cordova’s grand map of Texas (1849), subsequently reduced to the present smaller format by J.H. Colton in 1855 for his world atlas, with continual recycling for about three decades to reflect changes such as railroads, proposed route for the Union Pacific, mail routes, numerous new counties, etc. Reflecting a continuing controversy, Greer County in north Texas is still shown as part of the Lone Star State, even though it was eventually ceded to Oklahoma. For the atlas appearance, see Phillips (Atlases 816) and Rumsey (149.041). The atlas version had a different border. The map shows post-Civil War Texas geography, counties, settlements, railroad routes, and common roads. The “Cross Timbers” area of north Texas is also indicated, along with Smith and Whiting’s Route to El Paso, Connelly’s Trail, the Comanche Trail, the Route to Fort Smith, the Route to Fort Gibson, and the Emigrants Route (Santa Fe Trail). Shown are most of New Mexico (to north of Mount Taylor) and Indian Territory, with parts of Northern Mexico, Arkansas, and Louisiana. For background on the Colton firm, see Ristow, American Maps and Mapmakers, pp. 313-326. This is one of the nineteenth-century Texas maps that shows the entire state rather than having the Panhandle as an inset.


Sold. Hammer: $425.00; Price Realized: $520.63.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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