Coronelli Globe Gore With Geographic Advances
in Texas & the Southwest Based on Peñalosa

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270. [MAP]. [CORONELLI, Vincenzo Maria]. [Globe gore showing Lower California, the Sea of Cortez, the Southwest (including Santa Fe), West Texas and the Rio Grande, and Northern Mexico to Jalisco]. [Text at top] Nel 1581 Inteso il Padre Ruyz da gl’Indiani di Conches esservi Terra incognita à Spagnuoli verso il Settentrione, impretrò dal Conte di Corunna Vice Re della Nuoua Spagne, di scoprirla per intro durui la cattolica Fede:s inuaghi di questi’ impresa per l’acquisto delle miniere, Antonio d’Espeie, che si trouaua à quelle di Santa Barbara, e con la permissioine, scoprì pro prie à spese nel 1582 10. Nouembre più di quindeci Provincie col nome di N. Mexico, ò N. Marata,c’ hò designate secondo le relazioni del Conte Penalossa, sù gouvernatore nel 1665, e d’altri manuscritti, e memorie registrate nel medemo Paese. [text within oval wreath of flowers, vines, and ribbon] Della California Alcuno hà creduto, che California fosse Penisola, attaccata al Continente del Nuovo Mexico. Questa su scoperta da Cortese à nome del Rè di Spagna l’anno 1534, e su seguentemente navigata da Francesco d’Ulloa nel 1539, da H. de Alarcon nel 1540 finalmente da Gio. Roderigo Cabrillo nel 1542, i quali portarono déssa sempre più estatte relazioni. [note west of Big Bend] il Rio del Nort sbocca nel Golfo del Mexico, non nel Mare de California. [Venice, 1688-1699]. Copper-engraved globe gore with later partial coloring. Top horizontal measurement: 17.5 cm; lower horizontal measurement: 27.5 cm; vertical: 45.1 cm. Lightly stained on right side (slightly protruding into map image), right side expertly remargined, otherwise fine.

     This half gore by Coronelli was one of twelve for a globe measuring almost four feet in diameter, commercially offered by Coronelli between 1688 and 1699. Leighley, California as an Island 83. Stevenson, Terrestrial and Celestial Globes, Vol. II, pp. 97-115. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 73n (suggested date of 1690 but remarking that the dating is arbitrary). Citations to Coronelli’s two-sheet map of America with the same geography: Martin & Martin 12n. McLaughlin, California as an Island 103. Tooley in “California as an Island” in Mapping of America, p. 125 (#57 & #58).

     Shirley, The Mapping of the World 537 (Plate 376B):

The engraving throughout is of the highest standard... Copies of Coronelli’s 1688 globes are known with different dedicatory panels, reflecting the wide international demand for the globes over the next few years... Some of the half-gores from the 1688 plates were reprinted in the 1696-1697 edition of his Isolario and later in his Libro dei Globi with the dedication redated 1699. Pages from these works are sometimes offered for sale separately and the globe sections are thus available to collectors.

     Wagner, Cartography of the Northwest Coast #420n (discussing the various formats of Coronelli’s globe, including the present one, and commenting that the geography is the same exhibited in his Atlante Veneto of 1690); pp. 135-137:

That Coronelli had information from travelers, either secular or religious, is generally and no doubt rightfully assumed. We certainly find instances of it in legends which he has entered.... One relates to the expeditions of Fr. Ruiz in 1581, and of Antonio de Espejo in 1582-3 to New Mexico, information no doubt obtained from the Diego de Peñalosa mentioned in the same legend, who was in Paris while he was constructing his globes. Probably the results of these expeditions warranted Coronelli in removing the mouth of the old Rio del Norte, the river that for so long flowed into the upper part of the Gulf of California. He makes mention of this in a short legend in which he says that the “Rio del Nor” empties into the Gulf of Mexico and not into the Sea of California, and he so shows it on his map. The river is called the “Nort” in its upper and the “Bravo” in its lower courses.

     As noted by Wagner, this unusual cartographic artifact documents improved geography in the Southwest and Texas, due to Coronelli’s interaction with Peñalosa when both were in Paris. Diego Dionisio de Peñalosa Briceño y Berdugo (1621–1687), who was born in Lima, served as governor of Spanish New Mexico between 1661 and 1664. In addition to correcting long-held misconceptions about the Rio Grande and New Mexico, Peñalosa was an unusual administrator for his time, with a sympathetic stance to Amerindians and advocating that they be allowed to maintain their culture (much to the irritation of the regional missionaries and Spanish authorities). Native Americans are very well represented in this map by their tribal name and locations, e.g., Xumanas, Apaches de Naurio, Apaches de Xila, Apaches de Perillo, Tinthonha o Gens des Prairies, Apaches Vaqueros, Cunanes, Teguaio, and several more in the Southwest.

     California is labelled as “Isola di California,” and the text at lower left includes discussion of whether California is an island or not and refers to explorers Hernán Cortés, Francisco de Ulloa, Hernando de Alarcón, and Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo.

     Vincenzo Coronelli (1650-1718) was a Franciscan monk, cosmographer, cartographer, globe-maker, publisher, and encyclopedist known in particular for his atlases and globes. He spent most of his life in Venice. Earning his doctorate in 1674, he excelled in the study of both astronomy and Euclid. In 1678 began working as a geographer and was commissioned to make a set of terrestrial and celestial globes for the Duke of Parma. These finely crafted globes were enormous, measuring about five feet in diameter. After Cardinal César d’Estrées, friend and adviser to Louis IV and ambassador to Rome, saw the Duke of Parma’s globes, he invited Coronelli to Paris in 1681 to construct a pair of globes for the Most Christian King. Coronelli moved to the French capital in 1681. In 1683, he completed the Marly Globes for Louis XIV, which are almost 13 feet in diameter, the largest and most magnificent such globes ever made. He subsequently made other globes in smaller sizes, such as the globe for which the present gore was made. Coronelli’s depiction of North America was similar on both Coronelli’s terrestrial globes and his printed maps.

     Due to his renown Coronelli worked in various European countries in the following years, permanently returning to Venice in 1705, where he established his own cosmographical project. In his home city he founded the very first geographical society, the Accademia Cosmografica degli Argonauti. He also held the position of Cosmographer of the Republic of Venice. Coronelli died at the age of 68 in Venice, having created in his industrious life time more than a hundred terrestrial and celestial globes, several hundred maps, and a wealth of cartographic publications. He published two atlases, the Atlante Veneto (Venice, 1691) and the Isolario (1696-98), and compiled the first encyclopedia to be arranged alphabetically.


Sold. Hammer: $1,000.00; Price Realized: $1,225.00.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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