Quai de l’Horloge Variant, From Delisle’s Original Engraving

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277. [MAP]. DELISLE, Guillaume [Insulanus]. Carte du Mexique et de la Floride des Terres Angloises et des Isles Antilles du Cours et des Environs de la Riviere de Mississipi. Dressée Sur un Grand nombre de memoires principalemt. sur de ceux de Mrs. d’Iberville et le Suere Par Guillaume Del’Isle Geographe de l’Academie Royale des Sciēces A Paris Chéz l’Auteur sur le Quai de l’Horloge Privilege du Roy põ. 20. ans 1703 [below cartouche] C. Simanneau, fecit. Paris, 1703 [but 1708 or later]. Copper-engraved map showing the area from the Great Lakes to Colombia and from the Gulf of California to Trinidad; on two joined sheets of laid paper with watermark on left (BR with two stars and a crescent moon) and another on right (cross of Lorraine within beaded pendant); title at lower left within elaborate cartouche with allegorical figures, serpents, cornucopia; original outline coloring; neat line to neat line: 47.4 x 64.4 cm; overall sheet size: 52.3 x 74.5 cm. Creased at center where formerly folded, minor smudges in blank margins, remains of two old mounting tabs on verso, overall a very good copy. Upper right recto and verso in contemporary ink the number 56, and on verso also in contemporary ink XCI. At lower right on face beneath “Tabago,” the word “abandonnée” has been struck through in contemporary ink and the words “aux François” have been added in the margin.

     First edition, early variant issue of the 1703 first issue (see preceding entry), here with the imprint “Quai de l’Horologe,” from Delisle original plate of 1703. Not noted by Tooley (America), who describes two similar imprints (#49 & #50, p. 23). In this version the words “a la Couronne de Diamans” have been scrubbed, but Renard’s imprint has not been added. Cumming, Southeast in Early Maps, Plate 43 & #137A. Day, Maps of Texas, p. 4. Karpinski, Maps of Famous Cartographers Depicting North America, pp. 118 & 123, #XXXIIn. Martin & Martin, p. 50 (color plate) & p. 92 (black & white plate), p. 93 & #14 (text), citing a Quai de l’Horloge imprint retaining “a la Couronne de Diamans.” Rumsey 4764 (same imprint as present map; Rumsey’s copy is in an undated atlas). Streeter Sale 111. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 84 & Vol. 1, pp. 58-59.

     In the eighteenth century the cartography of Spain’s possessions in America expanded rapidly as numerous European cartographers issued maps intended to satisfy intense curiosity concerning the vast regions that Spain attempted to keep secret. French map maker Guillaume Delisle in 1703 published his Carte du Mexique et de la Floride as part of his Atlas de géographie (Paris, 1700-1712), and the map continued to be re-engraved, reprinted, and copied after its first appearance in 1703. The present map is from the original 1703 plate.


Auction 23 Abstracts

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