The Most Imposing Map of Mexico up to its Time,
by the Father of Mexican Geography

Approximately 4 x 5 feet, Wonderful Copy

Click thumbnails to open zoomable images.

299. [MAP]. GARCÍA Y CUBAS, Antonio. Carta general de la República Mexicana formada por Antonio García y Cubas. 1863. [lower left below neat line]; Imprenta litográfica de H. Iriarte y Ca. Ce. de Santa Clara No. 23, México. [lower right below neat line; text partially obscured by lower roller, but] J.M. Muñozgúren grabó en piedra en México; [2 large inset views at top]; [upper left] E. Landesio Pintó | Acueducto de la Hacienda de Matlala... | H. Iriarte Litografió; [upper right] H. Iriarte Dib. y Lit. | Valle de México...; [upper right below large view on right] Estado de la Division, Estencion y Poblacion de la República, conforme a los últimos datos; [14 inset maps and text in 4 rows at lower left, starting from top]: Veracruz... Tampico... Tuxpan... Guaymas... Sihuatanejo... San Blas... Huatulco... [Maz]atlan... Acapulco... Manzanillo... Plano de los caminos de México a Veracruz con el Trayecto del Ferro Carril... Derreteros de México a Veracruz... Notas. Escala de la Carta; [center left above insets] Comparacion de las Principales Alturas de la República. Mexico: H. Iriarte, 1863. Lithograph map in four joined sheets, original outline color, varnished, mounted on new cloth, new black wooden rollers; border to border: 120 x 144 cm; overall sheet size: 122 x 149.5 cm. Blank margins slightly frayed (no losses), small loss of border at upper right (supplied in good manuscript facsimile), a few minor abrasions, overall superb condition. Copies located by OCLC: Library of Congress and Bibliothèque Nationale de France. The OCLC listing has two other locations, but they for the smaller version of the map that appeared in García y Cubas’ atlas. OCLC lists Harvard as having a copy, but the map is not in the Hollis catalogue.

     The extremely detailed map executed in grand format is a dramatic nationalistic representation of Mexico and one of the landmarks of Mexican cartography. The map was created through the joint efforts of a talented group of individuals. The map was made by Antonio García y Cubas (1832-1912), father of modern Mexican geography. The excellent lithographs are the work of notable engraver and lithographer Hesiquio Iriarte, perhaps in conjunction with Salazar (see Mathes, Mexico on Stone). Some of the views are after the art work of Eugenio Landesio (see Dicc. Porrúa), the influential Italian painter who trained José María Velasco.

     The map was the most important and physically imposing map of Mexico of its time. It is rich in place names and shows the political divisions of Mexico according to the Constitution of 1857. The map was an advance in scientific cartography due to the use of new data from Manuel Orozco y Berra and engineer Francisco Díaz Covarrubias, whereby the increasing degrees of latitude were represented in true proportion. This map was the basis for Niox’s map published for the French Scientific Commission under Emperor Maximilian (see herein). This map corrected many of the mistakes made in previous maps of Mexico, and served as the basis of the territorial division proposed by the imperial government of Maximilian. The map shows the Borderlands: southern California, Arizona, and New Mexico; most of Texas including the Big Bend; southern Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama; and the Gulf of Mexico as far as the Yucatan Peninsula.

     According to the Orozco y Berra Collection, the map was published in Memoria de la Secretaría de Estado y del Despacho de Fomento, Colonización, Industria y Comercio, written under the supervision of Minister Manuel Siliceo. Phillips, Maps of America, p. 413. El Territorio Mexicano, Vol. I, p. 322 (illustrated).


Sold. Hammer: $6,000.00; Price Realized: $7,350.00.

Auction 23 Abstracts


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