Scarce Separately Published Pivotal Map that Forever Changed the Geography of Mexico, Texas, and the U.S.

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310. [MAP]. HARDCASTLE, [Edmund Lafayette] (draftsman). Battles of Mexico, Line of Operations of the U.S. Army under the Command of Major General Winfield Scott, On the 8th, Capt. [George Brinton] Mc.Clellan, and Lieut. Hardcastle. Corps of Top: Engineers Drawn by Lieut: Hardcastle; [followed by facsimile signature of William Turnbull]; [above neat line at lower right] P.S. Duval Lith. Philada. Philadelphia: P. S. Duval’s Lith., 1847. Uncolored lithograph map of battle scene, neat line to neat line: 71.5 x 55.5 cm; overall sheet size: 77.5 x 58.5 cm. Fine.

     This is a rare separately published Mexican-American War map that appeared in various U.S. government documents, without the page number given at top. The map, of great interest at the time, also appeared in the two official messages from President Polk presented at the commencement of the sessions of the thirtieth Congress (Executive Document 1, 1847, and Executive Document 8, 1848). Garrett & Goodwin, The Mexican-American War, pp. 426-428.

     Shows position and route of troops, towns, roads, structures and fortifications, farmlands, lava field, and the Churubusco River. Includes notes and key to symbols. Illustrated in fine, large detail is the last important battle of the Mexican-American War that changed the geography of both countries forever.

     Peter S. Duval was among one of the most important and interesting lithographers of the United States. Active 1831-1893 and a native of France, Duval was brought to Philadelphia by the firm of Chiles & Inman, and in their employ he was surrounded by some of the best lithographers in the United States. Duval was a pioneer in color printing, applying for a patent on his method of chromolithography in 1841. Peters (America on Stone, p. 163) comments on Duval: “The careers of the early lithographers and their firms are nearly all confusing, and in the case of P. S. Duval, one of the most important of them all, the tangle seems almost hopeless.”


Sold. Hammer: $100.00; Price Realized: $122.50.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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