Hutawa’s Pocket Map

A Traveller’s Vade Mecum for California & the Transmississippi West

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314. [MAP]. HUTAWA, Julius. Map of Mexico & California Compiled from the latest authorities by Juls. Hutawa Lithr. Second St. 45 St, Louis, Mo. 2nd. Edition 1863 [St. Louis faintly visible under edition statement, and 1863 handstamped]; [inset map at upper right] Vicinity of Mexico. St. Louis, 1863. Lithograph map with original vivid outline coloring, neat line to neat line 59.2 x 48.3 cm; overall sheet size: 61 x 50 cm, folded into original goldenrod printed paper boards (13.8 x 8.6 cm), title printed on upper cover: Hutawa’s Traveling Map of Mexico and California. Covers expertly rebacked (slightly rubbed, upper cover lightly stained at bottom and with Eberstadt’s pencil note “New Mex”). Mild foxing at some folds and left blank margin and a few folds professionally strengthened on verso, otherwise very fine.

     This was a fairly longed-lived map, due to the enterprising publisher, who figured out how to capitalize on the keen interest of the populace in the Mexican-American War, which subsequently evolved into a need for maps on how to get to the California Gold Rush and the West. The present map is another issue of a map that first came out in 1847 (Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 547 & Vol. III, p. 46 & Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Region 46n, noting a supposed 1848 version, in the Bibliothèque Nationale, which actually has no date, no New Mexico handstamp, and no coloring, although it does have printed “2d edition”). References to 1863 map: Eberstadt 160:228. Graff 2026. Howell 52:439 & 440 (both are Streeter’s copies). Rumsey 0335.001 (identical to this copy). Streeter Sale 180, but indicating Gadsden Purchase; Streeter Sale 179 is another 1863 edition, which he designates as “third issue.” Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 1072 & Vol. 5, Part I, p. 99 (characterizing the 1863 map as a “commercial” venture and stating that the depictions shown seem to demonstrate that “Hutawa seems to have lost his taste for work...; its only ‘new’ features being boundary lines (as of about 1853) for Washington, Oregon, Utah, and New Mexico.”

     The printing history of this map is, to say the least, not well understood. Hutawa’s first foray into mapping this area seems to be his 1847 map depicting the area as it was concerned in the Mexican-American War. That map was published as a supplement to the October 1, 1847, edition of the Saint Louis Missouri Republican. Apparently a version of this map was reissued in 1848 with the date 1848 and the words “St. Louis” in the imprint; unfortunately, the nature of this map is imperfectly known. The map was again perhaps reissued with the words “St. Louis” (still partially visible here) removed and the words “2nd Edition” substituted. It was then again reissued in 1863, as found here, with the date “1863” and the words “New Mexico” placed on the map by typography rather than lithography. Although not originally intended, apparently, for the Forty-Niners, the 1848 edition would have been a serviceable addition to such a person’s travel guides.

     The map seems clearly intended for use as something of a vade mecum for the western traveller and miner. Indicated still are the routes of Smith, Lewis and Clark, Kearney, Frémont, Cooke, Gregg, and others. Also shown are various trails and landmarks, such as forts or trading posts. One thing clearly obvious from the map is that the great West is alive in Native American tribes, the locations of many of which are shown. The map seems to have been published in the interest of those who wanted to develop the area around Santa Fe, New Mexico. Not only does the map show the route of the Santa Fe caravans, but also the area around the city of Santa Fe is depicted as far better developed than any other portion of the United States; even California, which is outlined in gold, by contrast is relatively empty. Perhaps this map was reissued to assist in the great commercial mining ventures that were being developed in the area and in Mexico itself.

     Julius Hutawa, among the early German immigrants to Saint Louis, Missouri, arrived with the Berlin Society in 1833 with his brother Edward. The brothers engaged in lithography and publishing, and among the maps created by Julius were Frémont and Nicollet’s Map of the City of St. Louis (1846; see Peters, America on Stone, p. 2287), Map and Profile Sections Showing Railroads of the United States (1849), Map of the United States Showing the Principal Steamboat Routes and Projected Railroads Connecting with St. Louis (1854), etc. (see Tooley). The brothers also published city views (see Reps, Views and Viewmakers of Urban America 774, 1002, 2036, and 2043). Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers, Vol. II, p. 399. Ristow, American Maps & Mapmakers, p. 252, 451-452, 462.

     Regarding the configuration of Texas, rather than over-reaching for New Mexico and South Pass as in the past, here Texas sneakily spreads over toward New Orleans.


Sold. Hammer: $1,200.00; Price Realized: $1,470.00.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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