Kiepert’s Map of Mexico, Texas & California

Updated to Show “Haupt-Gold-District in Californien
& Gadsden Purchase

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319. [MAP]. KIEPERT, H[einrich]. Mexico Texas und Californien. [below neat line] Bearbeitet und gezeichnet von H. Kiepert | Weimar, Verlag des Geographischen Instituts | Situation und Schrift gestochen von K. Mädel, Terrain von C. Jungmann. [inset at left center] Haupt-Gold-District in Californien im doppelten Maasstab der Hauptkarte [inset at lower left] Plateau von Mexico im doppelten Maasstab der Hauptkarte [inset at upper right] Die Republiken von Central-America im Maasstab der Hauptkarte. [profile at lower margin] Durchschnitt des Hochlandes von Anahuac...nach A. v. Humboldt. Weimar: Geographisches Institut, [1854, or after]. Engraved map of the American West, Texas, the Gulf Coast to Tallahassee, Mexico, and Central America, with original outline coloring; neat line to neat line: 54.3 x 63 cm; overall sheet size: 56 x 68 cm. Upper margin rough (occasionally touching border), lower margin trimmed with loss of date, centerfold neatly reinforced, otherwise fine. Editions with the inset of the California Gold Region are rare in commerce. Thomas W. Streeter’s copy with his pencil notes on verso.

     Updated edition of Kiepert’s 1847 map (see preceding entry), with the added inset of the California Gold Region and the “Gold Region” located on the map proper and more toponyms in California; furthermore the Gadsden Purchase is more strongly delineated. The map appeared in Carl Ferdinand Weiland’s Allgemeiner Hand-Atlas der Erde und des Himmels nach den besten astronomischen Bestimmungen, neuesten Entdeckungen und kritischen Untersuchungen entworfen. Geographisches Institut in Weimar, which came out in 1848 with revisions in 1849, 1851, 1852, 1853, and 1855 (and possibly other years). Rumsey (2077:63) in speaking of the atlas remarks: “All maps engraved, dated variously from 1846 to 1856.” This is a marvelous atlas, full of interesting details. The U.S. maps refer to “Utah Territory—Deseret” [and such is the case on the present map]. Rumsey’s map appears to be slightly earlier than the present map; Rumsey’s map shows the boundary between the U.S. and Mexico with the pre-Gadsden borderline. Wheat notes that Kiepert based his map of the Western regions on Frémont and cites the 1851 edition of the present map (Mapping the Transmississippi West #723; Maps of the California Gold Region #199). In this edition, the cartographer has taken most of New Mexico away from Texas and more boldly delineated the boundary between the U.S. and Mexico. More place names are shown in Texas, no doubt partially in response to the wave of continued German emigration to Texas.

     Noted German geographer Heinrich Kiepert (1818-1899) made a life-long career in cartography, and his maps are noted for their density and incredible detail. Kiepert’s most important set of maps was the Formae Orbis Antiqui, the fulfillment of his desire for a definitive classical atlas (still considered an authority in the field). Kiepert’s maps are rare, especially the few he devoted to Texas, California, the West, and Mexico. Carl Ferdinand Weiland (1782-1847) began his career as an independent engraver and artist at the Weimar Geographisches Institut in 1812 and subsequently served as their cartographic editor. His successor was the maker of this map, Heinrich Kiepert.


Auction 23 Abstracts

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