“One of the earliest known maps to show a boundary between the two Californias”—Newman in California 49

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379. [MAP]. TRONCOSO, Diego. [Title at upper right in decorative cartouche of strap work topped with crown] Californias: Antigua y Nueva Notas. En èsta Carta no se escribn. los nombrs. de tods. las Yslas, Ptos. Rios, y demàs, pr.ser hecha pa. solo demostrar lo qe. andubo, y Misions. qe. fundò en la Nvã. Califa. el V.P. Fr. Junipero Sèrra, Presidte. de èllas. La longd. es arreglada al meridiano de S. Blas. Diego Tronoso Sc. Mexco. ao. 1787.... Mexico, 1787. Copper-engraved map (Nueva and Antigua California, Gulf of California, Pacific Coast from San Francisco to San Blas), on heavy laid paper with watermark of crown and shield; neat line to neat line: 25.7 x 35 cm; overall sheet size: 28.5 x 43.5 cm Lightly soiled, three small sepia stains at lower right (only one of which affects map image), two creases and old folds.

     First issue (without “Mar Pacifico”) of “one of the earliest known maps to show a boundary between the two Californias” (Newman, California 49). The map appeared in Francisco Paloú’s Relación histórica de la vida y apostólicas tareas del Venerable Padre Fray Junípero Serra, y de las misiones que fundó en la California septentrional, y nuevos establecimientos de Monterey (Mexico: Felipe de Zúñiga y Ontiveros, 1787). Barrett 1946. Cowan II, p. 472. Graff 3179. Hill 1489 (presuming that copies of the map without “Mar Pacifico” are first issue). Howell 50, California 180. Howes P56. Libros Californianos (Wagner & Hanna lists), pp. 24, 67. Mathes, Illustration in Colonial Mexico: Woodcuts and Copper Engravings in New Spain, 1539-1821 #7731: “Work of very high quality appeared with the signature of Diego Troncoso of the Calle de las Escalerillas beginning in 1743.” Medina, México 7731. Wagner, The Cartography of the Northwest Coast of America #710. Wagner, Spanish Southwest 168. Weber, California Missions, p. 77. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West #208 & I, p. 128 (incorrect transcription “Francoso” rather than “Troncoso”): “While [the map’s] main purpose was to trace the travels of Father Serra during his years of service along the western coast, it is of interest here because it seems to be the first on which a boundary line was drawn between Lower and Upper California.” Zamorano 80 #59.

     Alfred W. Newman in California 49: Forty-Nine Maps of California from the Sixteenth Century to the Present #17, (illustrated p. 35):

Engraved and printed in Mexico City in 1787, Troncoso’s map depicts the extent of European settlement in Nueva, the present-day California, at this time, eighteen years after the Spanish occupation of California in 1769. Troncoso’s map shows the location of nine missions, of the ultimate number of twenty-one, founded by Father Junípero Serra during his lifetime. The missions are connected by El Camino Real—The King’s Highway—a route still largely followed by U.S. Highway 101. The four Presidios at San Diego, Santa Barbara, Monterey, and San Francisco are located.... Although this map is simply drawn and has some geographical distortions, it shows the “islands, ports, and rivers” of the coast region of California, the region of Spanish occupation. The representation of San Francisco Bay is based on the Spanish survey made at the time of their first entry into the bay.... The map is one of the earliest known maps to show a boundary between the two Californias. This line, just below San Diego, demarks the religious jurisdictions of the Dominicans (Antigua) and Franciscan (Nueva) religious orders.


Sold. Hammer: $3,200.00; Price Realized: $3,920.00.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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