Early County Map of Texas in an Atlas

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391. [MAP]. WILLIAMS, C.S. Map of Texas from the Most Recent Authorities. Philadelphia: Published by C.S. Williams N.E. corner of Market & 7th. Streets. [lower left above ornamental border] Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1845, by C.S. Williams, in the Clerk’s office of the district court of the eastern district of Pennsylvania. [inset map at lower left] Texas North of Red River. [lower right outside neat line] 35. [Philadelphia, 1846]. Lithograph map with original full coloring of counties and regions (pale shades of green, yellow, and pink), ornate green border, border to border: 30.8 x 38.3 cm. Except for light marginal browning, very fine.

     This map is yet another example of a Texas map descended from James Hamilton Young’s great series of Texas maps which came out beginning in 1835. Day, Maps of Texas, p. 40 (various issues). Streeter 1629 (1845 issue). This example was published as Map 35 in an 1846 edition of Samuel Augustus Mitchell’s New Universal Atlas (Phillips, Atlases 6103). Two issues of Mitchell’s atlas came out in 1846, the first with engraved maps, and the second with lithograph maps. The present map is from the lithograph version of the atlas. “This atlas is important in American printing history in that it was the first American atlas to be converted from engraved map plates to lithographic map plates—greatly reducing the cost of production and thus making the book widely affordable by the general public” (Rumsey 537.036). This map was issued in numerous permutations in quick succession (see Ristow, American Maps and Mapmakers, pp. 202 & 311-313). For example, Rumsey has an example of the map that varies from the present example in the insertion of the publisher and year after title (C.S. Williams, 1846) and a slightly different border; however, copyright 1845 and numbered atlas map “35” are retained, as is the removal of the defunct Spring Creek County between Harris and Montgomery Counties noted by Streeter (1629). For the engraved version, see Rumsey 5363.036, which includes Spring Creek County, lacks a decorative border, includes below neat line at lower right “Drawn & Engraved by J.H. Young” and has “1845” below title and publisher information at lower right. TCU, Going to Texas: Five Centuries of Texas Maps, plate 26 (lithograph issue, no date under title, date 1845 in copyright notice, no Spring County, same border as present map, erroneously noted as engraved by J.H. Young), p. 53: “This is the first edition of Samuel A. Mitchell’s county map of the State of Texas.”

     The map shows all the major roads, counties, many of the primary streams, and some persistent legends such as the “Silver Mine” west of San Antonio. “Fort Alamo” is located in San Antonio. A flag marks the site of the 1836 Battle of San Jacinto. Colorado Hills still appears above Austin. A note in the northwest section reads: “This tract of Country as far as North Canadian Fork was explored by Le Grand in 1833, it is naturally fertile, well wooded, and with a fair proportion of water.” The inset map of “Texas North of the Red River” shows a wide swath designated as “Summer Range of the Comanches,” and on the map proper “Range of the Comanches” is located between the Upper Colorado River to the Guadalupe Mountains near the headwaters of the Rio Frio. Taking a cue from Emory (see EMORY herein) the Panhandle generously includes Santa Fe and runs northward and slightly west of Pike’s Peak and Castle Rock.


Sold. Hammer: $550.00; Price Realized: $673.75.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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