The Last Viceroy of Mexico Faces Reality

The End of Spanish Rule in Mexico

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444. [MEXICAN INDEPENDENCE]. Two extras to the last official government newspaper of Spanish Mexico:

Tom. XII. 859. Suplemento a la Gaceta del Gobierno de México del sabado 18 de agosto de 1821. [Colophon] En la imprenta de D. Juan Bautista de Arizpe. Pp. 859-862. 8vo (21.6 x 15.2 cm), folded as issued. Staining and slight tears to left margin (no losses). Proclamation of Viceroy Juan O’Donojú exhorting peace and order on his arrival at Veracruz, August 3, 1821. His policies of peaceful solutions to the insurgency led to the Treaty of Córdoba with Agustín de Iturbide on August 24, declaring independence and the establishment of the Mexican Empire. [With] Tom. XII. 863. Alcance al Suplemento de la Gaceta del Gobierno de México del 18 de agosto de 1821. [Colophon] En la imprenta de D. Juan Bautista de Arizpe. Page 863 (verso blank). 8vo (21.3 x 14 cm). Left margin trimmed (no loss). Commandant General Francisco Novella reports that his agents were prevented from meeting with O’Donojú by Iturbide on August 18. Permission for free passage to persons who wish to meet with O’Donojú directed to Novella by Iturbide, August 15.

     Charno, pp. 348-351 (noting publication from January 2, 1810, to September 29, 1821, but not locating copies of these extras). Mathes, “La Imprenta en el Imperio Mexicano 1821-1823”#4073 (at press). Palau 96361.

     These two extras document the last moments of Spanish rule in Mexico. O’Donojú arrived at Veracruz as the new Viceroy only to discover that just a few major cities were actually under Spanish control. Smelling the coffee, he drank of reality and handed over control of Mexico to Iturbide and withdrew Spanish troops. His diplomacy and tact no doubt prevented a great deal of bloodshed. He was the last Viceroy of Mexico and eventually joined the new government. This Gaceta was almost immediately replaced by the Gaceta del Gobierno Imperial de México, which began publication on October 2, 1821. Very rare documentation capturing the immediacy of a fluid and dangerous situation.


Sold. Hammer: $100.00; Price Realized: $122.50.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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