1847 German Emigrant Guide to the U.S.

With a Section on the New State of Texas

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479. PAUER, Friedrich. Die Vereinigten Staaten von Nord-Amerika, nach Erfolgtem Anschluss der Republik Texas; mit besonderer Beziehung auf Deutsche Auswanderer, von Dr. Fr. Pauer, Bürger der Vereinigten Staaten, Mitglied der Agricultural=Society zu Boston. Bremen: Druck und Verlag von F. C. Dubbers, 1847. [i-iii] iv-viii, [1] 2-256 pp. 8vo (19 x 12.5 cm), original ornamental tan printed wrappers. Rebacked, upper wrapper chipped (no losses), lower wrapper chipped and wanting a triangular piece from upper right corner, with loss of border and one ornament. Title page lightly stained, a few pages dog-eared, light age toning, scattered light foxing. Overall, a very good copy of a fragile item in almost original condition.

     First edition. Eberstadt, Texas 162:591: “An important guide for German emigrants to the New World, with a section on the new state of Texas.” Faust, The German Element in the United States, p. 532. Howes P125 (aa). The author describes Texas and the United States for those interested in emigrating from Germany. Richard L. Bland in “Notes and Documents: The State of Pennsylvania: As Seen by Traugott Bromme” (The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 127, No. 4, October 2003, pp. 424-425) characterizes Pauer as “an able observer of the American situation” and notes that little is known about the author: “Friedrich Pauer lived during the first half of the nineteenth century. He...published handbooks for emigrants... There is very little information on Pauer. However, he apparently had been living in Boston for twelve years when his second book was published. He bore the title ‘doctor’ and was a member of the Agricultural Society of Boston.”

     The first chapter is a practical discussion for German emigrants to the United States, setting out the difference between the various geographic areas, what to bring, etc. A chapter follows on different classes of workmen, such as masons, carpenters, printers, artists, goldsmiths, lithographers, engravers, hatters, millers, etc. Next Pauer analyzes different classes of people in the United States and how they live, giving examples of the types of people who work on a farm. The next chapter discusses more trades, e.g., glass blowers, cigarette makers, beekeepers, etc. A chapter covers textile manufacture and workers. Other sections are on forestry, fencing, and wildlife (partridges, prairie chickens, buffalo, mustangs, wolves, bears, panthers, prairie dogs, reptiles, alligators, etc.). The sixth chapter is on the government of the United States with discussion of the various offices and official entities.

     Texas is specifically discussed on pp. 247-252, beginning with a brief review of Texas attaining its independence and the Republic era, during which he states English interests tried to prevent Texas being annexed to the U.S., even though that is what Texas wanted. He says the English continued these activities even after annexation, and cites the controversy regarding slave-holding states. He remarks that from 1836 to 1840, emigrants came from the eastern United States in an unbroken caravan. He notes that many did well, but those who went home warned would-be emigrants against going to Texas because it was inhabited by adventurers, swindlers, robbers, escaped convicts, and crooks of every kind. Pauer insists there was a lot of truth to these accusations in the early days of Texas, but now the situation is totally different, and he argues that, through law and order, Texas will soon be just as safe as other states of the Union. The prospective emigrant should not listen to all the naysayers in German, who for many years have been spreading false rumors about Texas. Pauer paints a very rosy picture of Texas as a field for immigration.

     Pauer states that Texas lies farther south than Germany, and although the climate is warm, it is ameliorated by the cool sea breezes. Texas falls into three geographic regions: the lower coast (damp, sandy, unfruitful, and unhealthy), the Hill Country (beautiful rich prairie lands and fertile lands with many streams and woods filled with wild animals of all sorts; night dews and cool breezes), the mountainous regions. Pauer says the part of Texas where the two German colonies are located is healthy and beautiful. Next are boundaries, the forty-five counties, and the population (422,000, not counting 19,000 slaves and 20,000 Native Americans). He returns to those who denigrate Texas and says that they are enemies of the Verein, always taking up their pen against those who left Germany. Pauer refutes their pessimism by stating that if one is willing to work in Texas, he will do very well (manna from heaven). People should learn to be diligent and apply themselves before they adventure and come to Texas. “The industrious colonist certainly will find his dreams fulfilled.”

     Next comes cattle breeding, which he says will be successful as long as one can maintain communication with the market, because for the greater part of the year, one does not have to do any other work. Those who raise cattle in the coastal areas can use the free time to devote to business enterprises. If one plans to come to Texas, he must bring the implements needed to work the land, especially field wagons, saddles, and harnesses, all of which are very expensive in Texas and cannot be easily obtained in the colonies. The two colonies are in the northwest part of Texas, where the land is fertile, and the lay of the land is healthy. The poor emigrant who has only his passage money, will do just fine if he has the zeal to work. The well-heeled emigrant might do better to go by way of New Orleans and the Red River to the fruitful redlands and buy land in East Texas where for a very cheap price one may obtain a farm that is already partially cultivated. He will find many good neighbors and there is no danger from Indians.

     He says that what he has written is the result of much study and work, but one should also consult Texas, ein sicherer Führer für Auswanderer published in Bremen by W. Kaiser, where the curious reader can find everything he wants to know about Texas. The book referred to is another work by Pauer, the exact title of which is Texas; ein sichrer Führer für Auswanderer, nebst ausführlicher Beschreibung der Viehzucht und der Bebauung der dortigen Landes-Erzeugnisse ... nebst einem Anhange, den Mainzer Verein, zum Schutze, deutscher Einwanderer in Texas betreffend... (Bremen: Kaiser, 1846).


Sold. Hammer: $300.00; Price Realized: $367.50.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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