Rare & Historic Report Ordering that Anyone Engaging in the Sale of Maya as Slaves Be Put to Death

With an Excellent Map of Yucatán

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532. SUÁREZ Y NAVARRO, Juan. Informe sobre las causas y caracter de los frecuentes cambios políticos ocurridos en el estado de Yucatan y medios que el gobierno de la union debe emplear para la union del territorio yucateco, la restauración del órden constitucional en la península, y para la cesación del trafico de indios enviados como esclavos a la isla de Cuba. Escrito por orden suprema de 9 de Marzo por el General Juan Suarez y Navarro. Publicación oficial. Mexico: Imprenta de Ignacio Cumplido, Calle de los Rebeldes Num. 2, 1861. [1-5] 6-189 [1, blank verso] [2] pp., folded map (see below). Folio (29 x 19 cm), original lilac printed wrappers within ornamental border, stitched. Wraps faded and chipped with small losses along spine, corners, and edges, text and map fine. Preserved in custom linen case with gilt-lettered leather spine label.


Plano de Yucatán para servir á la mejor inteligencia del Informe que de dicho Estado presentó de órden suprema El Gral. Juan Suarez y Navarro. Año de 1861; [below lower neat line at lower right] Lito. de Decaen; [color key at center left margin indicating territories controlled by the English, “indios del Sur,” “indios de Oriente,” Mérida, and Campeche]; [key at lower right above neat line showing symbols for cities, towns, ranchos, cenotes, etc.]. Lithograph map with original outline color, neat line to neat line: 28.5 x 37.5 cm; overall sheet size: 32 x 42.5 cm. Shows areas of Yucatán occupied by the insurgent Indians, the governments of Mérida and Campeche, and the British; major roads, settlements, and ruins.
     First edition. Antochiw, Historia Cartográfica de la Península de Yucatán, p. 293 (Mapa 138). Palau 324016. Sabin 52117. Antochiw states that the map in the present work was based on the 1848 map of Yucatan by Santiago Nigra de San Martín. This Informe contains the author’s private report to Benito Juárez on the sale of Maya as slaves to Cuba. According to Antochiw, this report, which he calls “rare and historic,” caused Juárez to order that anyone engaging in the sale of Maya as slaves be put to death. After reading the author’s private report, Juárez ordered that it be printed. The report itself stops on p. 42 and is followed by numerous pages of documents and other supporting materials. The author briefly reviews the history of the peninsula, especially political and social upheavals such as the caste wars, and details the current status of the state’s institutions. He is particularly bitter against those engaged in enslaving the population and transporting them to Cuba.

     Author Juan Suárez de Navarro (1813-1867) was a close companion of Santa-Anna, about whom he wrote a history and defense that he never completed. He served in various posts during Santa-Anna’s administrations and also was active in Emperor Maximilian’s government. He opposed the establishment of Campeche as a separate state.


Auction 23 Abstracts

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