Original Archive of Terry’s Texas Rangers

The Largest & Finest Contemporary Collection in Private Hands

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97. [CIVIL WAR]. TERRY’S TEXAS RANGERS. Archive of manuscript and some printed materials relating to this famous Civil War Texas cavalry unit, covering their activities all through the war and their continued activities, such as reunions, after the conflict. Approximately 200 items, almost all in good condition. The material is descended in the family of Major Benjamin Francis Weems, the person who collected and preserved it, and is believed to be the largest and finest contemporary collection of Terry’s Texas Rangers materials in private hands.

     Terry’s Texas Rangers, officially known as the 8th Texas Cavalry, was formed by Benjamin Franklin Terry in 1861 from troops recruited in southeastern and central Texas. They officially mustered in September 9, 1861. Each man was required to furnish his own musket or shotgun, two Colt revolvers, a Bowie knife, and tack. The army was to furnish the mounts. After being sworn in, the regiment ended up in Kentucky instead of their hoped-for Virginia, where they were finally issued horses and became a fighting unit.

     Command changes came quickly. Terry was the first to be elected colonel, but was killed at the unit’s first engagement in Woodsonville, Kentucky. Command then devolved onto Thomas S. Lubbock, but he died from illness before he could assume his duties. Then John Austin Wharton was elected commander, a post he held until he was promoted to brigadier general in late 1862. After that, Thomas Harrison became commander, a position he held until the end of the war.

     The unit saw some hard fighting in engagements both great and small, including Shiloh (1862), Chickamauga (1863), Chattanooga (1863), and the Atlanta campaign (1864). They also performed important duties as scouts and raiders behind enemy lines. Inexorably rolled up with the rest of Johnston’s force by Sherman’s advance into North Carolina, they delivered what was probably the last cavalry charge of the war at Bentonville (1865). When Johnston surrendered a few weeks later, the Rangers, although present, never did formally surrender, slipped through the Union lines, and made their way west, where some of them ended up in E. Kirby Smith’s Army of the Trans-Mississippi West, the penultimate major Confederate force to surrender. (The very last Confederate force was that of Indian general Stand Watie in Oklahoma.)

     Although technically a cavalry unit, they used unconventional tactics that devastated their foes. Unlike Union cavalry, which still depended basically on sabers, the Rangers relied on overwhelming gunfire. A Ranger armed with a double-barrel shotgun and two Colt revolvers (some men carried even more) had a total of at least fourteen shots at his immediate disposal. If one multiplies that number by 100 soldiers in a single company charge, one can appreciate the firepower that could be brought against hapless infantry with single-shot muskets that had to be reloaded. One tactic often employed was to ride right up to the enemy line and then blast away with everything, a tactic used with great success at their first engagement at Woodsonville. More than one Union infantry unit was decimated by this tactic and forced to retreat. Union cavalry sabers also proved rather impotent when faced with the same firepower since their guns gave the Rangers a considerable stand-off ability before having to engage hand-to-hand. One tactic possibly used by the Rangers, as it was by others, was to carry extra loaded cylinders for their revolvers. Since the ball, powder, and percussion caps were all contained in the cylinder, it was faster to exchange cylinders than it was to actually reload.

     Despite their prowess, the war exacted a heavy price on the Rangers. At the end of the war, 248 were present at Johnston’s surrender, though only two actually surrendered. When formed, the unit consisted of ten companies of 100 men each, totaling 1,170 effectives. Thus, by the end of the war, not much was left of the original force. According to the retrospective 1882 printed muster roll (see below), the unit suffered 165 killed, 180 deceased from other causes, and 280 wounded, about 50% of the total initial force.

     Terry (1821-1861), a Kentucky native brought to Texas as a child, rose to prominence in a variety of fields, such as railroad building. While a member of the 1861 Secession Convention, he and fellow delegates Thomas S. Lubbock and John A. Wharton conceived the idea of raising a unit of Texas troops. Terry served with distinction at First Manassas, and was shortly thereafter given authority to raise a cavalry regiment in Texas, of which the 8th Texas Cavalry was the result. He was killed a mere seventy miles from his birthplace, Russellville.

     Wharton (1828-1865), a Tennessee native, was brought to Texas as a child and finished his education at present-day University of South Carolina at Columbia. After practicing as a lawyer, he joined the Rangers as captain of Company B. After a series of unfortunate deaths, he rose to command the unit, until he was promoted to major general, eventually ending up in the Department of the Trans-Mississippi West, where he took part in the final actions of the war. He was killed by fellow officer George W. Baylor at the Fannin Hotel in Houston during an argument. He is buried in the Texas State Cemetery, where there is a monument to him (see below).

     Harrison (1823-1891) was a lawyer in Texas before serving under Jefferson Davis during the Mexican-American War. He became commander of the Rangers after several deaths and promotions of those above him. He was somewhat unpopular with his troops because of his propensity for corporal punishment and his habit of screwing up his courage with liquor before battles, thereby reducing his effectiveness. He was wounded in March, 1865, and while convalescing, was promoted to brigadier general, a rank he never attained because he could not take his oath. He was at Johnston’s surrender, however, and it was he who advised his men to drift away back to the west without surrendering, advice he himself followed. He was not paroled until a month later in Mississippi. After returning to Texas, he engaged in politics.

     Benjamin Francis Weems (1839-1923), the collector and preserver of this archive, was the grandson of “Parson” Mason Locke Weems, that spinner of George Washington tales. He was an original member of the Rangers, enlisting in September, 1861, as a private in Wharton’s Company B. He remained with the Rangers for the duration of the war, saw action at such places as Murfreesboro, where he was wounded, and won promotions for gallant service. By the end of the war he had attained the rank of major and was Adjutant General to Wharton, who valued his services highly. After the war, he settled in Houston, where he was a prosperous and leading businessman. He is buried in his native Virginia.


The collection comprises the following parts:

A.   Civil War Materials:

     122 letters, manuscripts, imprints, muster rolls & a few later typescripts.

     4 images.

B.   Post-War Materials: Reunion activities.

C.   Unit Biographical & Historical Materials.

D.   Monuments.

E.   Clippings.

F.   Colt Revolver.

G.   Imprints


A. Civil War Materials

Civil War materials, retained by Weems during the war as part of his duties as adjutant general. Almost all are creased where formerly folded but in good condition, unless noted otherwise.

Primarily orders, official communications, and other army documents. (A few are later typescripts of originals.)

1.   ALS, Gonzales, April 12, 1861, from Isham G. Ives to Wharton asking that he be allowed to resign due to ill health—“I am still a helpless if not hopeless invalid”—and that somebody else be awarded his commission. 1 p., 4to.

2.   ALS, Houston, August 27, 1861, from B.F. Terry to John and Celia, discussing in great detail the trouble he is having getting supplies, tents, and provisions for the Rangers and requesting their assistance with anything they can provide. An excellent letter giving insight into early war conditions when the Rangers were just being mobilized; they were officially mustered in on September 9. War-date Terry letters are very rare because he was killed so early in the war. 2-1/4 pp., 4to. Split at folds and in two pieces, but complete.

3.   ALS, Bowling Green, Jan 12, 186[2] (torn away), being Special Orders, authorizing an election to replace Lubbock, who is deceased. 1 p., 4to. Lubbock died of disease after replacing Terry.

4.   ALS, Dalton, Georgia, January 14, 1862(?), from George Wheeler to Wharton saying that his intelligence of the enemy is poor and that Wharton’s application has been approved. 1 p., 4to. Chipped with fold separations; very light and difficult to read.

5.   ALS, Bowling Green, January 14, 1862, from W.D. Pickett, Special Order 97, stating that Thomas Harrison has declined promotion in the Rangers and that Wharton is assigned a colonel and Walker lieutenant colonel. 1/2 p., 4to. Slightly stained. Except for the signature, in secretarial hand.

6.   A second copy of preceding ALs, stamped as copied by the War Office and in comparable condition.

7.   ALS, Nashville, January 24, 1862, from Felicia Perdue to Wharton, stating that in good conscience she cannot accept a testimonial from the Rangers because of her kind treatment of Lubbock during his convalesce. Marked “Confidential.” 2 pp., 12mo. Minor staining.

8.   ALS, Camp Hardee, February 3, 1862, from J.M. Weston to W.S. Coates, seeking clarification on the status of medical disability discharge certificates and his authority to complete them. Weston was a Rangers’ surgeon. With docket. 2 pp., 4to.

9.   ALS, [-----] Spring, February 11, 1862, from Robert C. Newton to A.T. Hawthorne ordering the Rangers to go on a mission, with an attached addendum directing the order to Wharton. 2-1/2 pp., 4to. Lower half of second leaf wanting, generally in poor condition with old repairs obscuring text. Stamped as copied by the War Records Office. Newton was a staff officer serving with General Hindman. He is best known for organizing Newton’s 10th Arkansas Cavalry Regiment late in war, which, like the Rangers, never surrendered but merely went back home.

10.  ALS, Bowling Green, February 13, 1862, from R.C. Newton to Wharton ordering him to be ready to go into action at eight in the morning. 1/2 p., 4to. Browned and chipped. Stamped as copied by the War Office.

11.  ALS, Bowling Green, February 13, 1862, from R.C. Johnston to Wharton ordering that he detail twenty-five men for a mission. 1/2 p., 4to.

12.  Printed form, War Department, Richmond, February 13, 1862, from the Secretary of War, appointing Wharton Colonel in the 8th Texas Cavalry. Accomplished in manuscript. 1 p., 4to.

13.  ALS, New Orleans, March 24, 1862, from J.H. Pickett to whom it may concern allowing Clinton Terry, ten soldiers, and two servants to pass to Decatur, Alabama. 1 p., 12mo., on Confederate States of America letterhead. Body of letter is secretarial.

14.  ALS, Leseunbie [i.e., Lisenby], Alabama, March 25, 1862, from W.J. Hardee to Wharton, repeating reports of Ranger movements. 1 p., 4to.

15.  ALS, Head Quarters, March 26, 1862, from H.P. Breslin to Wharton stating that General Johnston is ordering him to proceed to Bienville but to place excess baggage on trains. 1 p., 12mo. In secretarial hand by H.P. Brigham.

16.  ALS, Corinth, Missouri, April 16, 1862, from General G.T. Beauregard to Wharton, stating that Wharton’s regiment is detached and will report to the quartermaster and that W.W. Gordon of the 11th Battalion Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry is attached to Wharton’s command. Special Order 28. 1 p., 4to. Entirely secretarial. Stamped as copied by the War Office. Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (1818-1893), who fought in the Mexican-American War, held a variety of command positions during the war, including leading the defenses of Charleston, Petersburg, and Richmond. He was also in command of the Western Theater for a time.

17.  Printed form, New Orleans, April 25, 1862, from Fashionable Bazar, to Wharton for a uniform. Accomplished in manuscript and signed by F. LaCroix. 1 p., oblong 12mo.

18.  Headquarters of the Forces Corinth, Miss., May 2, 1862. Printed speech from G.T. Beauregard to his troops rallying the army for the upcoming Battle of Corinth. Countersigned. 1 p., 12mo.

19.  ALS, Camp Foster, May 11, 1862, from Adams to the troops announcing the death of Captain Harris of the 1st Company, 8th Texas Cavalry, and Captain Noel: “Both were efficient and gallant officers and their loss is a calamity to the service deeply to be deplored.” General Orders. Gives particulars of their deaths. 1 p., 8vo. Secretarial.

20.  ALS, Headquarters, June 15, 1862, from D. Leadbetter to Wharton, ordering him to report to headquarters “without delay.” 1 p., 12mo.

21.  ALS, Farmington Road one mile from Corinth, Missouri, June 31, 1862, from J. Patton Anderson to Wharton requested that Wharton allow Anderson’s nephew leave to pay him a visit because he has not seen him in several years and explaining that he himself cannot visit because of his own duties. 1 p., 4to. A few small holes costing parts of two letters.

22.  ALS, Chautauqua, July 1, 1862, from W. Storrs. Special order stating that Clark Russow has been found guilty by court martial for illegally selling a horse and is ordered to be bound and gagged for two hours a day for ten days and to forfeit half his pay. Russow was in a Kentucky cavalry regiment. 1 p., folio.

23.  ALS, Prestonville, August 14, 1862, from W.B. Tarrant to Wharton, ordering him to make a return of stores. 1/2 p., folio.

24.  ALS Headquarters, September 2, 1862, from J.E. Forrest. Special Order ordering Wharton to report to him in Sparta the next day. 1 p., 12mo. Secretarial. Stamped as copied in the War Office.

25.  Printed form, Confederate States of America, War Department, Richmond, December 20, 1862, appointing A.L. Steele Quartermaster in the 8th Texas Cavalry Regiment. Accomplished in manuscript and signed by James A. Skelden, Secretary of War. 1 p., folio.

26.  ALS, Morristown, Tennessee, January 7, 1863, from Harrison to “Dear Genl” (i.e., Wharton), relaying news about specific soldiers, troop movements, and various changes of command. He also includes worrisome comments about the troops, who, although in fairly good spirits, are sometimes ill-equipped (e.g., “we are in great need of clothing, some of the men are bare footed”). 4 pp., 4to, damaged with loss of words.

27.  ALS, Shelbyville Pike, Tennessee, January 22, 1863, from Wharton to General M.J. Hardee, being an utterly thrilling, detailed account of the troops under Wharton’s command in the Battle of Stones River, December 31, 1862-January 3, 1863. Beginning with his order of battle, Wharton details the actions of every day, including the heroic and effective charges of Terry’s Texas Rangers. Wharton reiterates the effectiveness of the revolver as opposed to the saber in cavalry fighting: “The proper weapon for Cavalry has proven to be the Revolver.” He closes with a detailed breakdown of his casualties in a battle that was marked by extremely high casualties on both sides. Noted as “Copy.” 10 pp., folio. Entirely secretarial except for signature. Despite the successes of Wharton’s command, the South was eventually forced to withdraw from the field. This battle is also known as the Second Battle of Murfreesboro.

28.  ALS, Tullahoma, Tennessee, February 15, 1863, from General Bragg to all officers in the cavalry, commands ordering them to send list of all soldiers absent with leave or on detached service. Circular, on letterhead. 1/2 p., 4to. Secretarial. Braxton Bragg (1817-1876) fought in the Mexican-American War and was for a time commander of the Army of the Tennessee, which he led with mixed results. At the end of the war, he had a tarnished reputation as a leader. He died in Texas.

29.  ALS, Head Quarters Wharton’s Brigade, February 18, 1863, from James C. Malone, Jr., to Wharton, recommending several men for promotion. 2 pp., 12mo. Malone was a lieutenant colonel in Wharton’s command during the Battle of Stones River, commanding the 14th Alabama.

30.  Head Quarters, District of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. Houston, Texas, March 11th, 1863. Printed General Orders 45, signed in type J. Bankhead Magruder. Congratulates Major Watkins on his excellent actions at the defense of Sabine Pass, in which Union forces were driven off. 1 p., 12mo. Magruder (1807-1871), known as “Prince John,” served in the Mexican-American War and after the Civil War, became an officer in Maximilian’s Mexican Army. He is best known in Texas history for recapturing Galveston on January 1, 1863.

31.  ALS, Glenblythe, March 15, 1863, from J. Bankhead Magruder to J.A. Selden, Confederate Secretary of War, requesting that Ranger J. Dunbar Affleck be detached from the Rangers and sent to his command because of his specialized knowledge. 1 p., 4to. Secretarial except for signature.

32.  ALS, March 15, 1863, from Edmund P. Turner to the Commander of Conscripts, stating that Thomas Affleck is seeking a conscript to substitute for his son in Terry’s Texas Rangers. 2 pp., 4to., on Head Quarters, Dist. of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona letterhead.

33.  ALS, April 9, 1863, Jonathan B. Sale to Wharton, ordering him to maneuver. 1-1/4 p., 4to. The letter is so badly faded that it is largely illegible.

34.  ALS, May 1, 1863, McMinnville, from Joseph Wheeler to Wharton, reporting Weems’ arrival and regretting that he had to assign Harrison to guard the train, but necessity required that he do so. Further regrets that he can promise Wharton’s troops no rest. 1/2 p., 4to. Secretarial except for signature.

35.  ALS, May 4, 1863, Estelle Springs, from F.W. Robertson to Wharton, asking that Wharton confirm that on January 2, 1863, near New Preston if there was any supporting infantry within distance of the artillery and if any enemy troops were close enough to present any dangers. 1 p., 4to. With a P.S. signed with initials.

36.  ALS, Sparta, May 23, 1863, from Benjamin A. Botts to A.L. Steele, asking that he issue a receipt for horses Botts obtained from Lucien Black. 1 p., 4to. Steele was an officer in the Rangers.

37.  ALS, Tullahoma, Tennessee, June 8, 1863, from W.B. Richmond to “Genl” (i.e., Wharton), relaying orders from General Polk informing him that General Martin has been defeated at Shelbyville and ordering his troops to Roseville to cover the retreat. 2 pp., 12mo, with a signed P.S.

38.  ALS, Headquarters, Martins Cavalry, June 21, 1863, from William Thompson Martin to Wharton concerning the validity of passes and forgeries of them. 1 p., 12mo. Stained. Martin (1823-1910) was a prominent Confederate cavalry general who served at the Battle of Chickamauga and other actions.

39.  ALS, Whites Ridge, June 22, 1863, from Jonathan L. Cox to Wharton, regretting that Captain Douglas has been separated from his command and returned to duty with the Rangers, although he anticipates that he will request a transfer back in case Cox is promoted. Cox regrets that he may lose contact with Wharton “I greatly preferred a connection with your command than with any other in the service. I say that in perfect sincerity of heart because I like you very much both as an officer & in the social circle.” 1 p., 4to.

40.  ALS, Headquarters Army of Tennessee [Tullahoma, Tennessee], June 24, 1863, from General Bragg, being Special Orders, giving new countersigns for June 24-June 30, because Captain Porter lost the former ones. 1 p., 12mo. Entirely secretarial.

41.  ALS, Tullahoma, Tennessee, June 30, 1863, from E.D. Buford to Wharton, relaying Wheeler’s orders about how Wharton is to deploy his troops along Cat Creek Road and Manchester Road, with further orders to follow in person from Lieutenant Clouston. 1 p., 4to.

42.  ALS, 4 miles from town [Manchester, Tennessee], [ca. June 30, 1863] from Marcy to Wharton, explaining that the route of Cat Creek Road is incorrect and enclosing a manuscript map (present). 2 pp., 12mo. Letter torn with loss and badly faded. Map is 4to and in good condition, showing railroads, a town, fortifications, and Wharton’s position. A good albeit marred example of a battlefield dispatch.

43.  ALS, Tullahoma, Tennessee, July 1, 1863, from D.G. Reed to Wharton, relaying orders that Wharton retire along with Colonel Isim, who is also withdrawing, although he may leave out necessary pickets. 1 p., 4to.

44.  ALS, Trenton, Georgia, July 8, 1863, from Joseph Wheeler to his troops, marked “Circular.” Orders officers to pay especial attention to the twenty-one points listed, including inspections, drills, demeanor of officers, health and wellbeing of the horses, and the welfare of the troops. 2 pp., 4to. Entirely secretarial. A highly interesting insight into the diurnal operations of the cavalry.

45.  ADS, Silver County, Georgia, July 31, 1863, being the record of a subscription to raise funds to buy Wharton a horse as a testament to his services. Most signatures are secretarial; just over $2,000 was raised. Funds are broken down by company. Company B, Wharton’s original command, raised the most funds at $348.00. 5 pp., folio.

46.  ALS, Rome, Georgia, August 26, 1863, from Thomas Harrison to Wharton presenting him with a bridle. 1 p., 4to.

47.  ALS, Rome, September 1, 1863, from eighteen Rangers of various companies to an unnamed general protesting their treatment and the conditions under which they must fight. They allege they were given inferior muskets and few rounds of ammunition, with which they were expected to defend Harris’s Gap, which they did until their ammunition was exhausted, at which point they fell back in an orderly retreat to Rome, where they were again issued the same inferior arms and one of their officers, Colonel Butler, was arrested. They express their confidence in Butler and ask that he be released for duty. 2-1/4 pp., folio. In a secretarial hand, except for the signatures.

48.  Printed form, September 7, 1863, from Jasper A. Seddon, appointing Weems a captain in the adjutant general’s department. Original form with Seddon’s original signature. With blank printed Form of Oath.

49.  Printed form, September 7, 1863, from Jasper A. Seddon, appointing B.F. Weems a Captain in the adjutant general’s department. Noted as “Official Copy.” Entirely secretarial.

50.  ALS, Headquarters Wharton’s Cavalry, September 8, 1863(?), addressed to “Gentlemen,” discussing military matters, apparently their complaint of September 1, 1863 (see above). 4 pp., folio. Unsigned, apparently incomplete, faded, and very difficult to read.

51.  ALS, Chattanooga, September 20, 1863(?), from S.B. Marcy to Wharton, discussing transferring personnel from Wharton’s command to his. With a signed P.S. 2 pp., 12mo.

52.  ALS, McMinnville, Tennessee, October 3, 1863, from M.L. Patterson to General Wheeler requesting Wheeler send a written demand for surrender. 1/2 p., 4to.

53.  ALS, McMinnville, Tennessee, October 3, 1863, from M.L. Patterson to General Wheeler, stating that he has surrendered unconditionally and asking for protection “of myself and men.” 1 p., 4to. McMinnville, in Union control, was taken by the Rangers on this day, forcing the Union surrender. Regrettably, looting followed the surrender, which Wheeler pronounced himself helpless to stop.

54.  ALS, Woodbury, October 4, 1863, from Wharton to E.D. Burford, discussing in detail his troops’ dispositions and the enemy’s movements. States that he has been scouting the enemy and at the moment is in a secure position, although he asks for orders. 1-1/2 pp., folio. A fascinating report from the field in the midst of pending action.

55.  ADS, No place, October 21, 1863, from R. Van Bostkirk, being a receipt to Wharton for $1,500 received for a “black mare killed in action at Farmington Tenn.” 1 p., oblong 16mo.

56.  W. B. Sayer to Weems, stating he is enclosing testimonials (not present) for presentation to Wharton and recommending Jones for promotion. 1 p., 4to.

57.  ALS, Cave Springs, Georgia, December 16, 1863, from A.S. Gillette, being a receipt to Wharton for $154.00 left by G.T. Marcy at his death. 1 p., oblong 12mo. Secretarial except for signature.

58.  ALS, Cave Springs, Georgia, December 16, 1863, from Wharton to his commander, recommending promotion to Brigadier General for Thomas Harrison of his command. An extraordinary letter detailing Harrison’s services and warmly supporting his promotion. 3 pp., 4to. Secretarial in hand of S. Cooper, except for signature, which is authentic. Docketed.

59.  ALS, Cave Springs, Georgia, December 21, 1863, from Weems to Wharton apologizing profusely for some unnamed failing and promising to improve: “It has already caused me much unhappiness, and often as now have I been overwhelmed with shame and regret that I should allow myself to be so carried away by so small a feeling as to give pain when I least desired it.” Noted as written in Wharton’s presence. 2 pp., 4to. Secretarial. No historical evidence exists that Weems ever suffered from any serious character flaw, and all signs point to the fact that he was instead a model soldier. Thus, this letter is a mystery. The reprimand to which this is the answer unfortunately is not present.

60.  Head Quarters, Brandon, Miss., December 22d, 1863. General Orders No. 24. Printed order signed in type J.E. Johnston, stating that Polk has taken over the command. 1 p., 4to. Endorsed, “Compliments of Lt. Genrl Polk.” Not in Parrish & Willingham.

61.  ANS, No place, 1863(?), from W. B. Richmond to Wharton asking him to meet with General Polk. 1 p., oblong 12mo.

62.  ALS, No place, 1863(?), from Jonathan A. Owen(?). 1 p., 8vo. Fragmentary and badly faded.

63.  ALS, No place. 1863(?), “Miss Bright Scenes,” addressed to Wharton in a second hand, being a flattering letter expressing great good wishes for Wharton. 2 pp., 4to. Tattered, faded, and difficult to read.

64.  ALS, Cave Springs, Georgia, January 10, 1864, from Weems to Wharton, relaying news and updates about the company, including such things as leave applications, etc., and stating that it is possible he will be ordered to maneuver. 4 pp., 4to. Torn but no loss.

65.  ALS, Cave Springs, Georgia, [ca. January 10, 1864], from Wheeler to Wharton, stating that he has just learned he has “met with an accident” and that Dr. Stanford is en route. 1-1/2 pp., 8vo. Stained.

66.  ALS, Cave Springs, Georgia, January 12, 1864, from McLeod(?) to Wharton asking for instructions since forage is exhausted and wishing him a speedy recovery from his injury. With a signed PS. 1 p., 4to.

67.  ALS, Cave Springs, Georgia, January 13, 1864, from Weems to Wharton, reporting on unit activities in his absence, stating that he is himself approving routine passes, and hoping he completely recovers. 2 pp., 8vo.

68.  ALS, Cave Springs, Georgia, January 15, 1864, from Weems to Wharton, reporting on unit activities, including the fact that members of the Texas 11th went to Rome, where they liberated two comrades from the local jail and that forage is nearly impossible to get. Also sends Wharton’s leave of absence (not present) and inquires when Wharton might return. 2 pp., 4to.

69.  ALS, Cave Springs, Georgia, January 15, 1864, from Weems to Wharton, transmitting Special Orders No. 1 from H.B. Davidson stating that in Wharton’s absence, he has assumed command of the 1st Cavalry Division. Weems reports on various matters, such as the health of Wharton’s horses, proposed troop movements, expresses his gratitude that Wharton will soon return, but concludes: “Things are anything but satisfactorily arranged here now.” 2 pp., 4to.

70.  ALS, Meridian, Mississippi, January 16, 1864, from M.D. Ector to Wharton, reporting that C.B. Kilgor and Major Gross have both been captured and are being sent to prison camp. Also includes information about war news at home and states that Texas people remain encouraged. 2 pp., 12mo.

71.  ALS, Cave Springs, Georgia, January 17, 1864, from Weems to Wharton, reporting that Davidson has been ordered to move his entire command to Tunnel Hill and that he has been denied a furlough to go find a replacement mount for his “broken down” horse. Also notes: “Miss Fanny can hardly realize the depth of her misery in the fact that Maj. Botts is a married man.” With a P.S. signed with initials. 2 pp., 4to.

72.  ALS, Marietta, Georgia, January 18, 1864, from John Gregg to Wharton, being an amazingly frank, chatty letter about the state of the war, the Southern administration, and the state of the army: “You ask me what I think of things. I frankly say to you, that I think our whole army machinery is miserably mismanaged....Our Sec. of War is a man of sufficient mind, but of a helpless character, wanting will. The President tries to know everything and do everything, & no man can play such a part.” 6 pp., 4to. An utterly fascinating, blunt letter from a senior Confederate officer. Gregg (1828-1864), who moved to Texas in 1852 and was a delegate to the Secession Convention, was a colonel in the 7th Texas Infantry and eventually was promoted to command of Hood’s Texas Brigade. He was killed at the Battle of Darbytown and New Market Roads, Tennessee. Gregg County, Texas, is named in his honor.

73.  ALS, Cave Springs, Georgia, January 23, 1864, from Weems to Wharton, reporting on messages received, requesting permission to visit Atlanta, reporting on the health of Wharton’s horses (the mare, the stallion, “Old Brown”, and “Ranger”), and stating that many troops have been ordered to Rome, although he will retain Company B. Signed with initials. 4 pp., 4to.

74.  Head Qu’rs Wheeler’s Cavalry Corps, January 31, 1864. General Orders No. 1. Printed order signed in type E.S. Burford, ordering commanders to pay close attention to the status of weapons, too many of which the cavalry has lost. Ammunition is to be inspected especially closely to be sure it is functional. Gives a price list for repayment of lost equipment, including $54 for a .577 Enfield rifle and $55 for a Colt army or navy pistol. 1 p., 12mo. Stained. Not in Parrish & Willingham.

75.  ALS, Rome, Georgia, February 2, 1864, from Weems to Wharton, wondering if his leave to Atlanta has been approved, asking for permission to move the command forty miles farther south where there is forage and thereby remove themselves from an exposed position, and asking instructions on what to do with a form he has received from the War Department: “I would be glad to get a letter from you giving instructions in full in these matters, and also letting me know anything you may think proper in relation to our movements and intentions for the next few months.” 2 pp., 4to.

76.  Head Qu’rs Wheeler’s Cavalry Corps. February 10th, 1864. General Orders No. 2. Printed order signed in type E.S. Burford, ordering that schools be held for officers and non-commissioned officers on such topics as cavalry maneuvers. Unfit officers are to be removed from duty. 1 p., 12mo. Not in Parrish & Willingham.

77.  ALS, Rome, Georgia, February 11, 1864, from P.Q. Chenow to Wharton, stating that his unit is on the move, reporting the results of an election, and relaying the rumor that Wharton has been transferred to the Trans-Mississippi. He closes with a plea that Wharton take him with him if that is so: “For God’s sake, don’t leave without having me detached.... I have given up all hopes of Kentucky and I now desire to become a Texas soldier.” 2 pp., 8vo.

78.  ALS, Cave Springs, Georgia, February 14, 1864, from Weems to Wharton, enclosing several communications (not present) and asking for clarification about Wharton’s transfer to the Trans-Mississippi department. 4 pp., 8vo. Faded and stained.

79.  ALS, Cave Spring, Georgia, February 24, 1864, from J.C. Brown to Wharton stating that he has only sixty mounted men and requesting reinforcements. 1 p., 4to.

80.  ALS, Dalton, Georgia, February 26, 1864, from George W. Brent to E. Kirby Smith, highly recommending Wharton, who has been transferred to Smith’s command. 1 p., 4to. Entirely secretarial except for signature.

81.  ALS, Rome, Georgia, March 3, 1864, from Weems to Wharton, reporting that his father is quite unwell but that if it is necessary for him to come to Atlanta to further his transfer to Texas, he will do so: “If there is anything that I can in your opinion do to assist in this matter I will undertake it at once with my whole heart.” 3 pp., 8vo.

82.  ALS, March 19, 1864, from Weems to Samuel Cooper, requesting that he be transferred to Wharton’s command and stating that Wharton wishes his transfer. 1 p., folio. Cooper (1798-1876), was the first full general in the Confederate army, thereby outranking even Robert E. Lee. He is best remembered for preserving the Confederate Army’s archives by turning them over to the Federal government. This is the only instance herein of a Weems’ communication with the very highest level of Confederate Army command and indicates his desperation to remain attached to Wharton.

83.  ALS, No place, April 5, 1864, from General Richard Stoddert Ewell to Robert Hall Chilton, asking that he write General Cooper urging that Weems be transferred to Wharton’s command and reporting that Wharton has asked repeatedly that this be done. 1 p., 4to. Ewell (1817-1872) served in the Mexican-American War but his Civil War career was clouded by several dubious actions. Chilton (1815-1879) also fought in Mexican-American War but generally served in Confederate Army headquarters during the war. This letter is a fine example of Wharton’s reputation in and influence on the upper reaches of Confederate Army command structure.

84.  ANS, No place, [after April 5, 1864], from W.W. Markham to Wharton, stating that General Johnston has given permission for Weems to go with Wharton. 1/2 p., 12mo.

85.  ALS, No place, April 25, [1864?] from Lucy probably to Wharton, reporting news from Texas, including reports about their fellow acquaintances and deaths from cholera and measles. States that she thinks Weems is a fine man and describes a made-up hat they call the Wharton Hat. 5 pp., 12mo. A wonderful, chatty letter from the Texas home front.

86.  ALS, No place, June 1, 1864, from M. Dicken to an unnamed captain (probably Weems) ordering him to send all unneeded forage and wagons tonight. 1 p., 16mo. Stained.

87.  ALS, Ranger Headquarters, June 7, 1864, from Samuel Patrick Christian to an unnamed captain (probably Weems), concerning reports he has received concerning Harrison and Buckheart and promises to look into the matter when he can, as he has been “in the ditches for the last week on duty day and night.” 2 pp., 12mo. Christian (1835-1908) enlisted in Company K of the Rangers, became a captain, and was wounded several times during the war. He was present at Johnston’s surrender in 1865.

88.  ALS, 1st Cavalry Division Headquarters, June 18, 1864, from Weems to Wharton, reporting that General Davidson has requested permission to remain in place for the next few weeks because his horses are in such bad condition that they are not serviceable. 2 pp., 8vo. Faded and rubbed.

89.  ALS, Oxford, Georgia, August 9, 1864, from Gustave Good to A.L. Steele, ordering him to turn over an ambulance, two mules, and all necessary equipment to J.W. Gurlick. 1 p., 4to. Receipt signed by Gurlick at bottom. Entirely secretarial. Gurlick was a surgeon with the 8th Texas Cavalry.

90.  TS, Tennessee, [September 20, 1864], Mary McIver and Robbie Woodruff’s address to the Rangers upon presenting them their second flag. 1 p., 4to. Three later typescript copies.

91.  TS, Camp Texas Rangers, September 21, 1864, from Gustave Cook to Mary McIver and Robbie Woodruff, expressing effusive appreciation for their gift of the new Rangers’ flag. 1-1/2 pp., 4to. Two later typescripts labeled “Copy.”

92.  ALS, Richmond, October 8 & 10, 1864, from Francis Richard Lubbock to “My Dear Captain” (i.e., Weems) giving news of his duties in Richmond, reporting on President Davis, the Texas troops, and the general military situation around Richmond: “Our little armies are being worn out with continual fighting against such superior numbers—our armies are alarmingly small.” 3 pp., 4to. An utterly fascinating letter reporting conditions in Richmond from a senior Confederate official. Lubbock (1815-1905), a South Carolina native, came to Texas in 1836, and was elected governor of Texas in 1861. During the war, he performed vital services for President Davis in his role as an expert on the Trans-Mississippi West, having been appointed aide-de-camp in August, 1864. After being paroled, he returned to Texas, where he became a businessman in Austin.

93.  ALS, Shreveport, December 2, 1864, from Wharton to Weems, relaying news and asking to be remembered to the troops. 2 pp., 12mo.

94.  ALS, Brenham, December 8, 1864, from Jerome Bonaparte G. Robertson to Weems, relaying personal news of people and events in Texas, fretting about the military situation, and asking Weems if he has any news of his son. 4 pp., 4to, on letterhead. An excellent Texas home front letter. Robertson (1815-1890) permanently settled in Texas in 1837 and had a distinguished if controversial career as an officer in Hood’s brigade. He became embroiled in a controversy with Longstreet, who transferred him back to Texas.

95.  ALS, Shreveport, January 25, 1865, from Joseph F. Belton to Wharton, informing him that it is believed that the Federal troops assembling at New Orleans are intended to attack Mobile, but that the information is not certain. Marked “Confidential #5399.” 1 p., 4to, on letterhead.

96.  ALS, Shreveport, January 30, 1865, from Edmund Kirby Smith to Wharton, informing him that he wants to re-organize and reduce the cavalry because it numbers more than half the entire army in the department and its maintenance has become impossible to sustain. The new organization would leave Wharton in command of two divisions, one of cavalry and the other of mounted infantry. He offers equipment, such as sabers, but directs that Wharton arm only the cavalry with pistols. Marked “Confidential #5456.” 4 pp., 4to, on letterhead. A superb war-date letter reflecting the military organization problems in the Trans-Mississippi department. Smith (1824-1893) served in the Mexican-American War. In 1863, he was given command of the Trans-Mississippi West theater, which command he held until the end of the war as a full general, one of only seven such men in the Confederate Army. After he surrendered, he fled abroad to avoid prosecution for treason but was eventually paroled in 1865. When he died in 1893, he was the last surviving full general of the Confederacy.

97.  ALS, Shreveport, February 17, 1865, from M.C. Bragg to Wharton, ordering him to report to Hempstead, Texas, with his troops and once there to dismount nine regiments. Bragg then continues in considerable detail concerning the new organization of the cavalry units and other troops, including a specific outline of the new makeup. Marked “Confidential #5667.” 2-1/2 pp., 4to.

98.  ALS, Shreveport, February 22, 1865, from Edmund Kirby Smith, to Wharton, confirming that he has ordered nine regiments from Wharton’s command to be dismounted because the horses can no longer be sustained: “Their horses are consuming the breadstuffs of the country. Already have been forced back in search of forage to the inland streams of Texas. If continued mounted, they would soon be driven from the country without an effort on the part of the enemy.” The dismounted regiments will be sent to Galveston. 2 pp., 4to, on letterhead. A missive reflecting the increasingly dire supply situation of the army.

99.  ALS, Headquarters Cavalry Division, March 4, 1865, from General Hugh Judson Kilpatrick ordering that Captain Nelson of the 8th Indiana Calvary will round up all serviceable mules and horses. Marked “Special Orders No. 36.” Entirely secretarial. This is apparently an intercepted Federal order. Kilpatrick (1836-1881) was a controversial Federal cavalry officer, known for wasting his troops in useless charges. 1 p., 8vo. This order was issued near the end of the war, which ended east of the Mississippi in April.

100. ALS, Lewisville, March 9, 1865, from John Bankhead Magruder to Wharton, offering to provide him with horses and discussing other military news. Marked “Confidential.” 2-1/2 pp., including a PS, 4to.

101. ALS, Smithfield, North Carolina, March 25, 1865, from Major General Lafayette McLaws, being Special Field Order No. X, ordering Company B of the 8th Texas Cavalry to rejoin its regiment and highly praising the unit and its commander, Lieutenant Falkerson: “He never expects to have their like again certainly not their superiors.” 1 p., 4to. Entirely secretarial. McLaws (1821-1897) was a controversial Confederate general who saw action during the entire war. The war ended east of the Mississippi River a month after this order.

102. ALS, Fulshear’s, March 27, 1865, from D. Grace to Wharton, stating his understanding that one of the reasons for dismounting Gould’s regiment is their high rate of desertion, discussing other military news, and asking for a leave of absence to visit family: “I must, however, warn you that if you keep me too steady here, I may fall into temptation and get married. Then look out for the stereotyped story of a sick wife and crying babies, which will require my presence at home.” Marked “Confidential.” 2-1/4 pp., 4to. An interesting letter mixing military and personal remarks.

103. ALS, Galveston, March 28, 1865, from William W. Lang to Wharton, stating that 75 of the promised 100 bushels of wheat have been ground and will be delivered to Hempstead. 1 p., 4to. Lang (1829-?) served in Elmore’s Texas Regiment after resigning his commission in a Mississippi cavalry regiment. After the war he pursued careers as a politician and businessman.

104. TS, “Head Quarters Whartons Cavy. Corps. Near Hempstead, Texas. April 7th, 1865. General Orders. No 28.” H.P. Bee announces Wharton’s death and orders mourning dress for thirty days. 1 p., folio. Later typescript.

105. ALS, Houston, April 9, 1865, from Wharton to Weems, ordering that two ambulances be delivered to his headquarters at 1:00 a.m. the next day. Docketed by Weems, “Was dead (Murdered) when this was received.” On South-Western Telegraph Company form. 1 p., 12mo.

106. ALS, Head Quarters, Cavalry Corps, April 29, 1865, from Joseph Wheeler to “Gallant Comrades,” bidding them farewell and congratulating them on their accomplishments: “In bidding you adieu I desire to tender my thanks for your gallantry in battle, your fortitude under suffering, and your devotion at all times to the holy cause you have done so much to maintain.” 1-1/2 pp., 4to. Entirely secretarial. 4 copies, all noted as Official by Weems. Wheeler (1836-1906) had one of the most incredible careers of any U.S. Army officer, serving in the U.S. Army, the Confederacy, the Spanish-American War, and then the Philippines.

107. ALS, Chattanooga, No date (but probably 1863), from D. Gradluten(?) to Colonel Davis, instructing him to reconnoiter Federal troop movements. On Southern Telegraph Companies form. 1 p., 12mo.

108. AD, W.R. Rivers, “‘Our’ Welcome to General Wharton” Cave Spring, Georgia, No date (but ca. 1864). Poem praising Wharton, docketed on verso, “To Maj Genl Wharton Composed by the Rev. W.R. Rivers, Sang to the air Trubador Cave Spring.” 2 pp., 4to.

109. AD, Albert Pike, “‘Dixie’ Confederate National Air.” No place, no date. Contemporary copy with lyrics that vary slightly from the standard version. 3 pp., 8vo.

110. AD, “Rally Round the Flag.” 3 pp., 4to. A contemporary copy of this popular song. A compound version, apparently adapted for a Southern audience, although versions also existed for Northern audiences. Faded and stained.

111. AD, “Ever Thinking of a Soldier.” A contemporary copy of this Southern poem. 2 pp., 12mo, fragmentary, missing the lower half of each sheet. “When the golden crown of sunset, | Fades behind the southern trees, | And the evening clines to twilight, | Gently stirs the whispering breeze: | In this holy hush of nature, | When I kneel me down to pray, | Then I’m thinking of a soldier, | Dark haired soldier far away.” Whoever wrote this poem seems to have been acquainted with the poetry of Lydia Sigourney.

112. ALS, Baltimore, March 24, 1866, from Edmund Kirby Smith to Peter Longstreet, introducing Weems and asking that Longstreet assist him in going into business in New Orleans. 1 p., 4to. James Longstreet (1821-1904) was one of the more successful Confederate generals. He was known as “Pete” or “Old Pete” for his entire life because of a sobriquet given him by his father.

113. AD, “A Descriptive Muster Roll of Company E of the eighth (8th) Texas Cavalry C. S. Army furnished by Wm. R. Friend, 1st Lieut Comd’g Company.” No place, as of 1865. Muster roll listing categories of Name, Enlisted, Discharged, Wounded, Captured, Killed or Died, Rank at Discharge Death or Close of War, Place of Birth, Present Occupation, Residence PO address, No Horses shot, Where at Close of War. Note at bottom: “The above and foregoing Roll was prepared at close of the war in 1865 and has been carefully compared by different members of Co. E and believed to be correct. July 5, 1872. W.R. Friend” [original signature]. 98.5 x 40.5 cm, on several pieces of joined paper. A wealth of detail about this company. Among such tidbits are Ferdinand Noelke, originally from Germany, who survived the war despite having four horses shot out from under him. Although wrinkled from being rolled and with a few modern tape repairs on verso, in fine, legible condition.

114. “Muster Roll Co. B 8th Tex. Cav.” No place, ca. 1866. Retrospective roll with updated notes by Weems on dispositions of all members of this company. Includes each man’s name, rank, enlistment date, county of origin, and “Remarks” (e.g., discharged 1862, killed at Shiloh Ap 8/62, with company at close, etc.). 6-1/2 pp., folio. A very fine, complete record of this company.

115. AD, [Houston, ca. 1897], a list in Weems’ hand of forty-three Civil War orders and documents in his possession, being a partial inventory of the materials herein. 1-1/4 p., folio, on a ledger sheet. Probably a retained record for the items listed in the following entry.

116. TS, Houston, August, 1897, “Catalogue of Confederate Military papers obtained on loan from Major B. F. Weems,” listing forty-three documents, being a partial inventory of the materials herein. 3-1/2 p., folio. This may be a War Department document.

117. AD, “Unknown of Co. ‘I’ Rangers.” No place, ca. 1900. Circular listing thirteen company members with notes from W.H. Kyle on what became of the men listed (e.g., “Deserted,” “Either killed or died in service,” “Came home OK,” etc.). With note by George W. Littlefield stating he knows nothing more to add. 1 p., 4to. Torn with slight loss of text.

118. Letter book. 92 leaves written on both sides in a variety of clear, legible hands. January 26, 1865-May 23, 1865. Wants about two dozen leaves at end. Folio (31 x 22 cm), contemporary quarter sheep over mottled paper boards. Boards lacking several pieces of paper, but overall the volume is in very good condition. With printed label “44” and printed War Records Office Washington label on upper cover with inscription in Weems’ hand: “The property of Maj. B. F. Weems, Houston Texas. Please return to Major J. Wright War Records Office” on upper cover. Consists of over 200 transcribed orders and other documents both received and sent by Wharton and others. Although technically compiled by Weems, most of the documents are in various third hands. These copies do not duplicate the above documents.

119. Order book. 110 leaves written on both sides in a variety of clear, legible hands. June 21, 1864-May 5, 1865. Wants about twelve leaves at beginning and a few at end. Folio (32 x 21 cm), remains of sheep spine, covers wanting, some stitching broken, but overall very good. With printed label “45” and with label with inscription in Weems’ hand: “The property of Maj. B.F. Weems, Houston Texas. Please return to Major J. Wright War Records Office” on recto of first leaf. Contains over 200 transcribed special orders both received and sent by Wharton and others. Although technically compiled by Weems, most of the documents are in various third hands.

120. Order book. 98 leaves written on both sides in a variety of clear, legible hands. April 30, 1864-May 10, 1865, with several orders for earlier years included at end. Wants about ten leaves at beginning and a few at end. Folio (32 x 22 cm), remains of sheep spine, covers wanting, but overall very good. Some pages torn with loss. Contains over 100 transcribed General Orders and Circulars, with four leaves of roster at end from another book. Technically compiled by Weems, most of the documents are in various third hands. Contains numerous reports of courts martial. Although there are remnants of various printed orders pasted in, the following two survive in their entirety:

A.   Head Quarters, Wharton’s Cavalry Corps, Nacogdoches, Texas, Feb. 24th 1865. General Orders No 20. [colophon] Rankin & Harris, Printer’s, Hardeman’s Brigade. Broadside: 21.5 x 14 cm. A report of a court martial of eight soldiers for desertion. Affixed to p. 131. Not in Parrish & Willingham.

B.   Head Quarters, Walker’s Cavalry Corps. Houston, April 22d 1865. General Orders No. 1. Broadside: 20.5 x 12.7 cm. Announcement by J.G. Walker that he is taking over command of the Rangers after Wharton’s death. Ends with a rousing address to the troops urging them to do their duty. Affixed to p. 154. Not in Parrish & Willingham.

121. Surgeon’s Record Book. Robert E. Riley, “Rolls of the 8th Texas Cav.” 60 lined leaves written on both sides. 4to (20.5 x 17.5 cm), contemporary quarter sheep over mottled paper boards. Spine chipped with loss, boards worn, but interior is fine and legible, with loss of a few leaves at end. With handsome yellow printed bookseller’s label of Walker, Evans & Co., of Charleston, South Carolina, on front pastedown, and printed signature in pencil, “Robt. E. Hill, Ass’t Surg. 8th Texas Cav Oglethorpe Co. Ga May 10, 1865” on front flyleaf. Surgeon’s records for every man in every company in the regiment with detailed notes in several hands in ink and pencil about what became of the personnel (e.g., “Killed near Sparta, Tenn”; “Discharged at Corinth”; “Transferred to White’s Battery and deserted”; “Wounded Arm Amputated—Discharged—Aug 9 1863”; “Wounded at Shiloh 6th April”; etc.) An amazingly complete record of this regiment’s soldiers and what became of them, in several hands, with later additions. Covers the entire war, including such late entries as that for W.S. White of Company F who was “Killed at Bentonville N.C. March 1865,” which was the last major battle east of the Mississippi. Perhaps the saddest entry of all, however, is that for William “Willie” Butler Hardee, sixteen-year old son of Confederate General William Joseph Hardee, who reluctantly allowed him to enroll in Ranger Company B as noted on March 20, 1865, the day before Union General Joseph A. Mower attacked at Bentonville in the last major Union assault in the eastern theater. Willie died the next day in that attack: “Killed at Bentonville March the 21st NC 1865.” Other quotidian events, such as “Deserted” and “Captured”, are also mentioned, including this signal honor for J.R. Flewellyn, “Killed the first Yankee that was killed by a member of the Regt,” and the fate of P. Childress, “Drowned in saving a lady from drowning, Augt 1872.” Company H had a spate of patriotic fifteen- and sixteen-year-olds, all of whom were discharged for being underage. No question after perusing this document that war is mixed-up Hell.

122. Muster Roll. “Names of the Enlistment of ‘Terry’s Texas Rangers’ 8th Texas Cavly Confederate States Army From date of organization in 1861, to the surrender in 1865. Compiled from the Roll Kept by Maj A.L. Steele of Company H and Made by T.C. Lubbock of Company K Secty to the As. Houston Texas 1899” (on front pastedown). 40 leaves written on both sides in a clear, legible hand, with an inserted leaf of “List of Staff Officers” (chipped with loss). Folio (32 x 20 cm), brown cloth with sheep corners, entitled on upper cover in manuscript, “Names of the Enlistment of Terry’s Texas Rangers, 8th Texas Cavly C.S.A. Property of T.C. Lubbock Houston Tex Co. K.” Slightly worn but overall in fine condition. An astoundingly complete retrospective record of every man in every company with notes on what became of them, including those who died after the war. As the many entries of “Dead” make plain, by this point the ranks of the Rangers were seriously thinning. Only a distressingly few are noted as “P at Sur” (i.e., Present at Surrender), giving some idea of the great losses the Rangers suffered during the war. Willie Hardee’s death is noted, but here he is specifically mentioned as General Hardee’s son (see previous entry). He is on the same page as Weems, of whom it is noted, “Promoted Capt & AAG of Gen Wharton’s Staff & wounded at Murfreesboro 1862.” The compiler, Theodore C. Lubbock, enlisted as a private, was discharged in 1862, but re-enlisted and was promoted to Captain in the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Photographs: Four contemporary images of Wharton

1.   Lithograph from a photo, bust view, showing Wharton in uniform. 15 x 10 cm. Identified on face in Weems’ hand and signed by Weems on verso. In contemporary glassine sleeve from Edwards, 712 Fannin St., Houston. Fine condition.

2. Carte-de-visite mounted to card imprinted on verso Blessing and Brother Gallery, Main Street, Houston—Texas. Ca. 1860. Bust view showing Wharton in civilian dress. Image area: 9.4 x 5.7 cm; overall size 10.1 x 6.3 cm. Identified on face in Weems’ hand and signed by Weems on verso. Very good condition.

3.   Oval image, same view as 2 above, mounted on card but trimmed down. Image area: 6 x 5 cm. Noted by Weems on verso: “Jho. A. Wharton of Brazoria Co. Texas—taken 1860.” Very good.

4. Carte-de-visite mounted to later plain card. Bust view showing Wharton in uniform. Image area: 8.6 x 6 cm. Identified on face in Weems’ hand and signed by Weems on verso. Faded.


B. Post-War activities

Reunion activities, late nineteenth to early twentieth centuries, consisting of programs, original correspondence related to the reunions, minute book, and a large contemporary photograph of the 1913 reunion. The last unit reunion was in 1921 at the Driscoll Hotel in Austin. (See also “Clippings” below.)

1.   1871:
AD May 25, 1871, relating events at the Houston reunion. Five folio leaves written on both sides in a clear legible hand. Signed B.F. Weems, Recording Secretary, but entirely in a secretarial hand. At this meeting the foundation of a permanent organization for the surviving Rangers took shape.

2.   1876:
Newspaper clippings from the Galveston paper concerning this reunion pasted to two quarto pages. Appears to be wanting a page.

3.   1880:
TS, ca. 1980 by William G. Kirkland concerning this reunion at Houston, December 16, 1880, and other matters. 4to. Extracts from a printed book.

4.   1893:
Printed program for this reunion held at Houston, December 13 & 14. 4 pp., 12mo, printed in two colors and silver. Slight fold separations and some contemporary manuscript notes in pencil by Weems.

ALS, November 23, 1893, from Joseph Wheeler to Edward Allen Bolmes, regretting that he cannot attend the reunion. 1 p, 4to, on House of Representatives stationery.

5.   1895:
Original register sheets for this reunion, containing dozens of original signatures and others in a secretarial hand. 9 pp., folio, on sheets numbered 1-10 from an account book. An utterly amazing survival. Sam Maverick’s signature, for example, is found on p. 4.

6.   1899:
TLS, March 20, 1899, from Texas governor Joseph D. Sayers to J.M. Brownson, responding positively to the latter’s request. 1/2 p., 4to, on State of Texas stationery.

ALS, May 10, 1899, from W.D. Wylie to W.H. Kyle, warmly and positively responding to an invitation to attend the upcoming reunion. States that he will also attempt to have Major Weiler come with him. (Weiler captured the second Rangers’ flag, took it to Indiana, and was instrumental in having it returned.) 2 pp., 4to, on printed stationery.

7.   1900:
TLS, September 19, 1900, from R.M. Wallace to J.F. Miller, stating that he will be unable to attend the reunion: “Wishing that the grey haired old survivors may live to many more annual reunions.” 1 p., 4to, on First National Bank stationery.

8.   1903:
Four items, including a TD, ALS, newspaper clipping, and original mailing envelope. The TD is a resolution of thanks, with ms corrections, for those who made the San Marcos reunion a success. ALS, December 21, 1903, from E. A. Bolmes to T.U. Lubbock, enclosing the resolution and asking for a list of surviving Rangers. 1 p., 4to, on State of Texas stationery. Clipping is from Austin American-Statesman, December 17, 1903, and describes events at the reunion, at which Lubbock spoke.

9.   1908:
TD, “Extract from the Minutes of the Terry’s Texas Rangers Association, held during the 37th Annual Re-Union In Houston November 11, 1908,” urging that former ranger A.B. Briscoe be released from prison and, second, that reforms be made in the Confederate pension system to increase the amounts due and abolish the humiliating oath of poverty required to receive a pension. 1 p., folio.

10.  1913:
Black & white mounted silver print entitled in photo, “Terry’s Texas Rangers San Marcos, Texas, October 29, 1913,” showing the members seated and standing in front of a building (probably the court house). Image size: 16.5 x 22 cm; overall size: 25 x 30 cm. Mount slightly chipped at upper right corner. A superb image.

11.  1915:
TD, “Members of Terry’s Texas Rangers attending the 44th annual reunion, Austin, Texas, October 21, 1915,” listing men in attendance in Company order. Most Companies at this point have few surviving members. 1 p., folio.

12.  1917:
TD, “46th Annual Reunion of Terry’s Texas Rangers,” consisting of a roll call by Companies and other business, such as a memorial to the Rangers at Jefferson Davis’ monument in Kentucky and news that $3,000 had been appropriated for erection of a monument to Wharton. 2 pp., folio.

13.  1918:
Printed invitation to the 47th annual reunion at Austin, November 19 & 20, 1918. 1 p., 12mo.

14.  No Date: Undated manuscript with corrections of what seems to be a synopsis of a reunion program, listing events and speakers; e.g., “Sam Maverick’s Feat of daring at Ft. Donelson” and “Girl Polly & his charming Nelly,” the latter of which is struck through and noted as cancelled. 1 p., 4to. Right edge chipped, wrinkled.

15.  Reunion Minutes Book. “Record Book Terry Texas Rangers 8th Texas Calvy C. S. Army” (cover title). “Minutes of Proceedings” (recto of 1st leaf). About 110 leaves of minutes of various reunions from 1888-1901, written in several clear, legible hands. Folio (31.5 x 20.5 cm), original tan buckram, front hinge broken, but otherwise in very good condition. Contains detailed minutes for reunions of 1888, 1889, 1890, 1891, 1892, 1893, 1894, 1895, 1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, and 1903. Attached to the final leaf is a four-page document establishing procedures for erecting the Texas Rangers monument.

16.  Jonathan M. Claiborne. Muster Roll of Terry’s Texas Rangers; with Historical Remarks.... Reunion in Galveston, February 20th. 1882. [N.p., 1882]. [1] 2-107 [1] pp. Folio (35 x 21.5 cm), original quarter cloth over plain tan paper boards. Title page browned, but otherwise fine. Printed muster roll of soldiers in every company, including names, place of birth, when enlisted, remarks, etc. With manuscript corrections and additions by Weems.


C. Unit Biographical & Historical Materials

Correspondence and other materials relating to the unit’s history, including biographical materials on various Ranger members and other Texas figures, such as Sam Houston.

1.   Allen: ALS, Fort Worth, Jan, 1901, from George R. Allen to T.M. Lubbock giving the names of his children. 1/2 p., 4to, on letterhead.

2. Cook: Leaf from Confederate Veteran magazine, pp. 253-54, reprinting a May 25, 1897, letter from Gustave Cook to J.K.P. Blackburn. and giving a partial history the Rangers. Cook was an officer in the Rangers.

3.   Green: Newspaper clipping, ca. 1864, concerning the life and recent death of Confederate officer Thomas Green, who was active in the western theater.

4.   Harrison: Lithograph bust image of General Thomas Harrison. Fair condition only.

5.   Houston: Notarized typescript, August 27. 1921, of a speech by Sam Houston, February 28, 1859, extracted from the Congressional Globe. 23 pp., 4to. Creased where formerly folded.

6.   Houston: Notarized typescript, September 21, 1921, entitled “Speech of Hon. Sam Houston of Texas, In the Senate, Aug. 1, 1854. In Reference to Certain Charges Made against Him in a Book Published by T.J. Green.” 13 pp., folio. Creased where formerly folded. The publication to which this was the reply was Green’s 1845 book, Journal of the Texian Expedition against Mier.

7.   Weems: Two photocopies of printed exhibit labels containing biographical information on Weems.

8.   Wharton: ALS, Washington, D.C., February 28, 1897, from Marcus J. Wright to C. C. Beavens, Sr, requesting information on the exact date of Wharton’s death. 1 p., 12mo, on War Department letterhead. Bevins has replied at the very end of the letter that Wharton was killed about April 15, 1865, in the Fannin House, and has signed with his stamped signature.

9.   Wharton: ALS, Washington, D.C., March 31, 1897, from Marcus J. Wright to Weems, requesting information about Wharton’s death. 1 p., 4to, on War Department letterhead.

10.  Wharton: ALS, Washington, DC, December 9, 1897, from Marcus J. Wright to Weems, requesting further information about Wharton. 1 p., 4to, on War Department letterhead.

11.  Wharton: ALS, Quintano, January 17, 1898, from J.R. Bryan to Weems, relaying considerable biographical information on Wharton. 3 pp., 4to, on lined paper.

12.  Wharton: ALS, League City, March 24, 1915, from Rosa Groce Berleth to Weems, concerning information about the Whartons and discussing the Lamar papers recently acquired by the state.

13. Wharton: Postcard, Angleton, January 31, 1918, from Sallie Stewart to Weems, relaying news of Wharton’s death.

14.  Wharton: ALS, February 12, 1921, from Weems to Robertson discussing Wharton’s life. 1 p., 8vo. Probably a retained copy.

15.  Wharton: Six manuscripts and one typescript, apparently all by Weems, concerning Wharton’s life. Various sizes, some materials in duplicate.

16.  Wharton: Two TSs, both by Weems, concerning Wharton. 1 p., 4to & folio. One is present in seven copies.

17.  Wheeler: TS of a brief history of Joe Wheeler’s Scouts. 13 pp, 4to. Friable, on bad paper, and in poor condition but quite legible. Wheeler served with the Army of Tennessee and the Army of the Cumberland. He did not serve with the Rangers.

18.  Tichenor: “Thrilling Experiences by Dr. Tichenor,” offprint from The Confederate Veteran, February, 1901, pp. 67-69, reprinted from the Picayune. 2 pp., folio, illustrated. Tichenor did not serve with the Rangers.

Materials concerning the return of the Ranger’s second flag, which was captured by an Indiana unit on October 13, 1864, after it became accidentally lost.

1.   TLS (copy), ca. May 14, 1898, from J.J. Weiler to A.J. Mount, Governor of Indiana, stating that he now lives in Texas and because he captured the flag, he would like to return it to the Rangers. 1 p., folio.

2.   TLS (copy), Dallas, May 18, 1898, from J.J. Weiler to the Rangers stating that he was the one who found the flag and discussing the political difficulties of returning it under the present political conditions. 1 p., folio. Small hole costing a few letters.

3.   TLS, Dallas, May 18, 1898, from J.J. Weiler to the Terry’s Texas Rangers Association, explaining in detail how the flag got captured and regretting that it cannot be returned expeditiously. 1-1/2 pp., folio.

4.   TLS, Dallas, May 18, 1898, from W.W. Graham to J.G. Booth explaining his interactions with George W. Littlefield and J.J. Weiler concerning the flag, stating he asked the latter to certify that the flag was merely lost rather than captured. 1 p., 4to. Chipped.

5.   TLS (copy), Indianapolis, June 16, 1898, from Charles E. Wilson to J.J. Weiler stating that the governor has directed him to write that it is not in his power to return the flag. Only the legislature may do that. 1 p., 4to.

6.   TLS, Dallas, September 30, 1898, from W.D. Wylie to H.W. Graber, explaining that at the last Ranger’s reunion he met a corporal who had the colors of the 57th Indiana, captured at Franklinville, Tennessee, in December, 1864, and which he desired to return to the regiment. The corporal traveled to Indiana, where he was feted when he returned the flag. Wylie closes stating that he believes the Rangers’ flag will be returned. 3 pp., 4to.

7.   TLS, Sumter, South Carolina, April 15, 1899, from R.M. Wallace to J.M. Brownson, commenting on the flag’s return and inviting him to Charleston, South Carolina, for the next meeting. 2 pp., 4to, on letterhead.

8.   ALS, Indianapolis, May 15, 1899, from James A. Mount to J.M. Brownson, stating that Indiana has now completed arrangements to return the flag, which they hope to present at the Texas State Fair in the fall and stating further that he hopes to attend. 1-1/2 pp. 4to, on letterhead. A fine, warm letter brimming with generous, post-War sentiment.

Material concerning the return of the Ranger’s third flag, which was never used because the war ended. Made by the ladies of Waco, it was returned and eventually became the property of E.R. Terrell, whose widow returned it.

TLS, Dallas, Texas, December 11, 1893, from H.W. Graham to an unnamed recipient stating that he is sending the captured flag by express for delivery to the Rangers at their next reunion and asking that Terrell’s widow be memorialized for her generosity. 1 p., folio.

General materials concerning various aspects of the Rangers and their history.

1.   TD, dated April, 1865, but later, “Organization of Whartons Cavalry Corps. Army of Trans Miss Department Confederate States of America,” listing the four brigades in which the Rangers served. 1/2 p., 4to.

2.   ALS, Corpus Christi, July 12, 1872, from James M. Hunter to J.S. Compton, giving details of his service record with the Rangers and suggesting others to whom Compton might write for details of their lives, too. Closes by stating that he is well and making some money running a livery stable. 2 pp., 4to.

3.   ALS, Anagua, July 18, 1872, from E.M. Philips to J.S. Compton, giving details of his service record with the Rangers, noting that he was in every major engagement and at Johnston’s surrender. Wishes him success with his book and states that he has original materials Compton may wish to review. 1-1/2 pp., 4to.

4.   ALS, Victoria, July 25, 1872, from J.M. Bromson to J.S. Compton, giving details of his service record with the Rangers and telling him where other Rangers might now be living. 1 p., 4to, on letterhead.

5.   Printed circular dated Galveston, February 20, 1882, addressed to “My comrades” by Jonathan M. Clairborne, circulating a preliminary version of the complete Ranger muster roll (see below), asking for corrections and additions, and seeking photographic material for the book. Illustrated with an image of Clairborne. [2] pp., 4to.

6.   ALS, Washington, March 12, 1897, from Marcus J. Wright to B.F. Weems responding to his two letters, asking for materials to be sent so they can be copied into the official records, and seeking biographical information about Ranger members. 2 pp., 4to, on letterhead.

7.   TD, Washington, D.C., August 1897, “List Copied from the Wharton Papers,” showing correspondence in the War Records Office. 1-1/4 pp., folio, with official War Office stamp.

8.   ALS, Washington, May 4, 1898, from Marcus J. Wright to Weems returning the roster, stating that only official records can be used in government publications, and requesting whatever other rolls Weems can locate. 1 p., 4to, on letterhead.

9.   ALS, Jackson, Mississippi, May 26, 1898, from Thomas J. Wharton to Weems, relating his experiences as a Ranger and providing some details on other Ranger members. 4 pp., 4to, on letterhead.

10.  TL, n.d., April 21, 1899, from J.M. Bromson to Robert W. Wallace relating his service in the Rangers and relating the story of how the second Ranger flag got lost. 4 pp., 4to, second page missing one corner.

11.  ALS, Weimar, July 20, 1899, from G.A. Hill to T.N. Lubbock relating news about his fellow Rangers. 1 p., 8vo, on letterhead.

12.  TSS, ca. 1901, from George W. Littlefield to George T. McGehee, President of the Texas Rangers Association, explaining the state of finances for the Texas monuments and windows in the Old White House of the Confederacy and stating that he has donated the painting of B.F. Terry to the museum in Richmond. 1-1/2 pp., folio.

13.  LS, Washington, D.C., October 28, 1905, from Seth W. Tuley to the President of the Texas Ranger Association, relating his capture near Murfreesboro and wondering if any of the Rangers were there to witness General Forrest return his sword. 5 pp., 4to. A fine, detailed, fascinating letter relating in detail an obscure but interesting skirmish. Tuley served in the 2nd Kentucky infantry.

14. TLS, Austin, November 9, 1916, from T.J. Caldwell to Weems, giving a list of Rangers who have died since the last reunion. 1 p., 4to, on letterhead. Rectangular paper burn at upper left.

15.  TS, June 22, 1929, “Terry’s Texas Rangers (8th Texas Cavalry, C.S.A.)”, giving a brief history of the Rangers during the Civil War and recounting their engagements. 9 pp., folio (p. 8 in duplicate and revised). The author is unknown.


D.   Monuments

Materials concerning the design and erection of the Wharton monument now at the Texas State Cemetery and Terry’s Texas Rangers monument on the State House grounds in Austin. Includes the original contract with the sculptor and original drawings for the Wharton monument.

Wharton Monument:

1.   TLS, November 14, 1905, from the Monument Committee to W.R. Davis, reporting they have entered into a contract with Pompeo Coppini to create the monument. Signed by four committee members. 1/2 p., folio.

2.   TSS, June 21, 1907, by Littlefield to the Rangers, from the Finance Committee showing the amount of money collected and expended towards financing the monument. Reports $14,008.77 collected and $15,022.55 expended. Notes that more money must be obtained to cover the entire cost and lists others who have donated. 2-1/2 pp., folio.

3.   TSS, October 10, 1900, by Littlefield and Caldwell to the Rangers, from the Finance Committee reporting monies raised and spent. Reports assets of $8,117.23. 1 p., folio.

4.   TDS, being a contract, January 31, 1919, between the State of Texas and Carrachio setting out specifications for the monument, with manuscript corrections concerning the monument size and Weems’ countersignature, Houston, March 29, 1919. 2 pp., folio.

5.   ALS, March 17, 1920, from Weems to Felix Robertson requesting that he speak at the unveiling of the monument. 1 p., oblong 12mo. Probably a retained copy. Felix Huston Robertson (1839-1928) was the only Texas-born general officer in the Confederacy and a brilliant artillery commander, having risen to the rank of brigadier general. He was the last surviving Confederate general at his death.

6.   ALS, Crawford, March 20, 1920, from Felix Robertson to Weems, acknowledging receipt of the request that he speak at the monument unveiling but questioning if he is the proper person to eulogize so great a man as Wharton. Closes by promising to deliver the speech if Weems really believes he is “the man” and if so then he “will gladly do my ultimate.” 1 p., 4to, on letterhead.

7.   ALS, Crawford, March 9, 1921, from Felix Robertson, to Weems concerning the logistics of getting his remarks done and approved, including a synopsis for the monument itself. 3 pp., 4to, on his letterhead.

8.   Original ink sketch on coated cloth signed by Carrachio showing the frontal elevation for Wharton’s monument. Folio (69.5 x 54 cm). Creased where formerly folded but otherwise in pristine, original condition.

9.   Original pencil sketch on heavy paper, probably by Carrachio, showing basic plan of the monument with measurements for each stage. Oblong folio (48.2 x 61 cm). Creased where formerly folded but otherwise in pristine, original condition.

10.  Original full-size pencil lettering on heavy brown paper, probably by Carrachio, of inscription for the monument. Oblong folio (47.3 x 62.5 cm). Creased where formerly folded but otherwise in pristine, original condition.

Terry’s Texas Rangers Monuments

1.   TSS, ca. 1906, beginning, “Your special committee appointed to select standing Committees to arrange for the dedicating of our Monument next November, beg to offer the following,” ca. 1905, listing members of various committees (Reception, Ceremonies, etc.), with contemporary manuscript corrections. 2 pp., folio.

2.   The Ceremonies of the Unveiling of the Monument Erected to Commemorate the Valor of Terry’s Texas Rangers.... Austin: Morgan [1907]. Original pictorial wrappers, tied with red ribbon. Outlines the ceremonies Two copies. Creased vertically, otherwise very good.

3.   Three black and white photos of Terry’s Texas Ranger’s monument, one of which is a postcard addressed to B.F. Weems from Jordon Photo of Austin promising to send photos when they are ready. Approximately 14 x 8.5 cm each. Good condition.

4.   Contemporary professional photo of the monument with State House and buggy in background, and a silk guest ribbon to the June 25-26, 1907, dedication of the monument. Photo is 19 x 21 cm; ribbon is 17 x 5 cm, both matted and glazed in a modern frame. Photo in excellent condition; ribbon somewhat tattered at bottom with minor losses. Not examined out of frame.

5.   Another copy of the above photo, mounted on printed card stock of E.P. Jordon. Mount badly chipped, photo very good.

6.   TSS, no place, ca. 1906, “To The Terry Texas Rangers Association.” An address concerning the troubled finances of the monument but stating that George Washington Littlefield has saved the day and recommending the Association formally thank him for his efforts, signed by five members of the Monument Committee. 2 pp., folio. Littlefield (1842-1920), served in Company I of the Rangers until a shell ended his service in late 1863. He returned to Texas and became a successful cattleman and businessman.

7.   Clifford Crouch, “Terry’s Texas Rangers Monument,” article from Texas Magazine (Summer 2011), p. 128, showing color photo of Terry’s Texas Rangers monument erected in 1909 by the United Daughters of the Confederacy in Houston. 1 p., 4to.


1.   Printed form entitled “Confederate Script,” Austin, December 9, 1881, No. 1467, granting survey rights for 1,280 acres of land to William Mitchell. Saint Louis: D. Barnard, [N.d.]. Recording form at bottom, docketed as filed on verso. Completed in manuscript.

2.   Ten documents concerning sale of land to Weems on certificate 1467, ca. 1882. Various sizes. Includes one small original survey map. 4to & folio.

3.   AD, P. Whitty, surveyor, giving a description of 10 acres surveyed in Houston, April 5, 1890, out of S.M. Williams league. Copy. 1 p., folio.

4.   About fourteen items, including some empty envelopes, on various matters, some in Weems’ hand. Various sizes. All ca. 1900.

5.   Fragment of “Headquarters Texas Division, United Confederate Veterans, Houston, Texas” letterhead. Ca. 1910.


E. Clippings

1.   Six folders of 19th- and 20th-century newspaper clippings. Not thoroughly examined, but most seem to concern reunions and other matters of interest to Ranger history. Various sizes and lengths.

2.   Galveston News, February 18, 1862. 2 pp., folio. Includes report of Battle of Manassas and other war news. Creased, wrinkled, and chipped. Fair condition.


F. Colt Revolver

1851 Navy Colt .36 caliber revolver with engraved Texas Navy naval battle scene on cylinder. #7742 (all numbers match). Overall length, 13-3/4”; 8” barrel. Wooden grip, brass first version rounded back trigger guard. In working condition: hammer cocks; cylinder rotates, loading lever unhinges properly. The lug, however, has been pounded into place and no longer can be moved. Left grip slightly chipped at toe, overall scratching and wear, bluing and engraving faded. Stamped on barrel: “Address Col. Saml Colt New-York U. S. America” and on cylinder “Colts Patent No. 7742.” This revolver was carried and used by Weems during his service with Terry’s Texas Rangers and shows signs of use and wear.


G. Imprints

1.   Fitzhugh, Lester N. Terry’s Texas Rangers, 8th Texas Cavalry, CSA: An Address...before The Houston Civil War Round Table, March 21, 1958. Houston: Civil War Round Table, [1958]. First edition. #781 of 1,000 copies printed. [2], 1-21 [1] pp. 8vo, original printed wrappers. Except for a few ink underlinings, very good.

2.   Giles, Leonidas B. Terry’s Texas Rangers. [N.p.,]: Giles, 1911. [1-5] 6-105 [1, blank] pp. 12mo, original imprinted cloth. Cloth water damaged and faded, but interior fine. Author’s presentation to Weems on front flyleaf, with Weems’ occasional pencil notes. First edition. Giles describes, inter alia, the unit’s last charge at Bentonville. Very rare. No copies on OCLC; only two copies at auction in the past thirty-five years, both sold by our firm over a decade ago. Basic Texas Books 75. Coulter, Travels in the Confederate States 184. Howes G168. Nevins, Civil War Books I-93. “Giles short narrative is one of the best memoirs of the famous 8th Texas Cavalry Regiment” (BTB) and is one of the rarest of Texana books.

3.   Graber, Henry W. The Life Record of H. W. Graber, A Terry Texas Ranger, 1861-1865. Sixty-two Years in Texas. [N.p.]: Graber, 1916. [1-7] 8-442 pp., frontispiece. 8vo, original three-quarter sheep over imprinted cloth. First edition. Two copies, both with bindings in poor condition, although interiors are very good. One is inscribed to Weems. Dornbusch 2:1060. Howes H280 (“small ed”).

4.   Green, Thomas. Reply of Gen. Thomas Green, To The Speech Of General Sam Houston, In The Senate Of The United States, August 1, 1854 [Washington, 1854]. 8vo, 67 pp. First edition. Original upper printed wrapper. Wants lower wrapper, creased where formerly folded, nicked and stained. Fair only. Very rare. OCLC locates only two copies. Green (1814-1864) was a gunner on the Twin Sisters at the Battle of San Jacinto but moved back to Tennessee after the Revolution. Tempted by the land grants given to veterans, he returned to Texas and held a variety of political positions. During the Civil War, he served in the Western Theater, including the Red River Campaign, during which he was killed. Tom Green County is named after him.

5.   Sherman, Sidney. Defence of Gen. Sidney Sherman, Against the Charges Made by Gen Sam. Houston, in His Speech Delivered in the United States Senate, February 28th, 1859. Galveston: Printed at the “News” Book and Job Office, 1859; Houston: Reprinted by Smallwood, Dealy & Baker, 1885. [1-4] 5-35 [1, blank pp. Second edition. 8vo, self wrappers. Two copies, both in good condition. Sherman (1805-1873) fought in the Battle of San Jacinto and eventually settled permanently in Texas on a land grant given him for his services. During the Civil War, he was responsible for the defenses of Galveston.


Sold. Hammer: $200,000.00; Price Realized: $245,000.00.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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