The Freshest Advices from Texas-September 29, 1836

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538. [TEXAS]. Diario del Gobierno de la Republica Mexicana. Mexico: Imprenta del Águila, 1836. Vol. 6, no. 518, September 29, 1836. [4] pp., printed in three columns, masthead with large woodcut of Mexican eagle with snake. Folio (42 x 31 cm). Creased where formerly folded, lightly wrinkled and age toned, a few tiny holes, otherwise fine.

     First edition. Charno, Latin American Newspapers, pp. 332-333. The Diario, the official periodical of the Mexican government,was established on February 10, 1835, and ran until late 1847. Individual issues are rarely found on the market, and even larger research libraries have only scattered issues.

     About half the paper is filled with news or other discussions of the Texas Rebellion, for which New Orleans newspapers are clearly major sources. The chief consternation and surprising event is the Texas Navy blockade of Matamoros, which the Louisiana editors condemn as a violation of international law by a “nation” that nobody recognizes. The editor of The Abeille says that the blockade is illegal, although if Texas wanted to invade Mexico, that would be fine since it would not involve international shipping. In the aftermath of San Jacinto, the Louisiana Advertiser, taking news from a Natchez imprint, notes that the Texas army grows stronger every day whereas the Mexican one withers and that Santa-Anna remains closely confined. In other news, movements of regular shipping and warships, both Mexican and Texan, are reported. A dispatch from Oaxaca states that General Gabriel Valencia has left with 6,000 soldiers for Texas. That is followed by a fiery denunciation of the Texans by José Antonio Mozo, governor of Puebla.

     By contrast, the reports on pp. [1-2] from the Secretaría de Guerra y Marina, reveal a country internally at peace, with most reports declaring that the jurisdictions enjoy “tranquilidad.” Even in the midst of such peace, however, hope for vengeance betrays itself in the report from Veracruz announcing with “inexplicable” satisfaction the arrival there out of Baltimore of “el hermosos bergantin de guerra nacional Libertador, con el nombre Cuatro de Julio,” to be followed in a few days by the Iturbide and the Washington. Clearly, naval power was an issue.

     An interesting glimpse into the Mexican psyche following the shock and anger after the defeat at San Jacinto.


Sold. Hammer: $250.00; Price Realized: $306.25.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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