Sigüenza y Góngora's History of the Virgin of Guadalupe & Her Shrine in Querétaro

With a Very Rare Copper-Engraved Map of Querétaro

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574. [VIRGIN OF GUADALUPE]. SIGÜENZA Y GÓNGORA, Cárlos de & José María Zelaá e Hidalgo. Glorias de Queretaro, en la fundadion [sic] y admirables progresos de la muy I. y Ven. Congregacion Eclesiástica de presbíteros seculares de María Santísima de Guadalupe de México, con que se ilustra, y en el suntuoso templo que dedicó a su obsequio el Br. D. Juan Caballero y Ocio, Presbítero Comisario del Corte del Santo oficio por la Suprema y General Inquisicion: que en otro tiempo escribió el Dr. D. Cárlos de Sigüenza y Góngora, Presbítero natural de México, y Catedrático propietario de Matemáticas en su Real y Pontificia Universidad: y que ahora escribe de nuevo el Br. D. Joseph Maria Zelaa é Hidalgo, Presbítero Secular de este Arzobispado, Socio Benemérito de la Real Sociedad Vascongada de los Amigos del País, Socio Numerario en la noble clase de las Artes de la Real Sociedad Económica de la Ciudad y Reyno de Valencia, natural de la Ciudad de Santiago de Queretaro, y dos veces Consiliaro de la sobredicha Ilustre y Venerable Congregacion, &c. Mexico: En la Oficina de D. Mariano Joseph de Zúñiga y Ontiveros, Calle del Espíritu Santo, 1803. [16], 1-135 [i.e., 235] [1, blank], [4] pp., 2 folded copper-engraved plates (map & plan; see below), ornamental head- and tailpieces. 8vo (21 x 14.9 cm), contemporary full tree sheep, spine gilt with orange leather spine label. Binding slightly cocked and missing small strip at lower portion of spine. Text worm-damaged throughout (mostly avoiding text, not affecting plates). Nineteenth-century ownership signature below imprint: Br. Aboytis (possibly José Lazaro Manuel Rubín Aboytis, who was christened at Querétaro on December 18, 1842).


Mapa plano de la Ciudad de Santiago de Queretaro Año de 1802. [key to major cities and coat of arms at upper left] Explicacíon. Overall sheet size: 22 x 30 cm. Map trimmed with slight loss of right border, otherwise very fine. According to a note on p. 135, the editor states that by a happy accident a friend has given him a Querétaro map done in 1770 by Ignacio Mariano Casas and that he has included it here with corrections bringing it up to the present date. Very rare map.

Planta, y Alzado principal, del Templo de Sta. Maria de Guadalupe, de la muy Yllstre y venerabe. Congn. de la Ciudad de Queretaro. [below neat line at left] Lo delinio Mariano Paz [below neat line at right] J.S. de la Rea Sct. [upper right, numbered key to elements of architecture, commencing] 1. Sacristia.... Overall sheet size: 21.9 x 29.5 cm. Very fine. At left is a detailed architectural plan, and at right an exterior view of the Shrine to the Virgin of Guadalupe, which was donated by Juan Caballero y Ocio.

     Second edition, revised and enlarged (“this is really a new work, having been rewritten and greatly enlarged by the scholar Zelaa é Hidalgo”—Sabin; see also Guillermina Ramírez Montes, Niñas, doncellas, vírgenes eternas Santa Clara de Querétaro (1607-1864), México, D.F.: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2005, p. 355). The first edition came out in Mexico in 1680 (Medina, México 1215); a 1668 edition is said to have been published, but Medina states that it is a ghost. The first edition did not have the map or plate. Andrade 4268. Ayala Echavarri, Bibliografía histórica y geográfica de Querétaro 1182. Beristáin de Souza, Biblioteca Hispano Americana Setentrional (1883), Vol. III, p. 317. Bibliotheca Mejicana 1594. Mathes, Bibliotheca Novohispana Guadalupana, p. 68 (M9637).Mathes, La Ilustración en México colonial Nos. 9367 (map, stating anonymous) & 9368 (plan, attributed to Larrea); p. 138 (attributing map to Ignacio Mariano Casas). Medina, México 9367 (attributing the map to Mariano Casas and the plan in error to J.S. de la Rev[illa?]). Palau 312964. Romero de Terreros, Grabados y grabadores en la Nueva España, p. 495 (attributing map and plan to José Simón de Larrea, or La Rea). Sabin 27786 & 80974.

     D.A. Brading, Mexican Phoenix, Our Lady of Guadalupe: Image and Tradition across Five Centuries (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), pp. 114-115:

If the part played by Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora (1645-1700) in the formation of the Guadalupe tradition remains enigmatic, of his profound devotion there can be no doubt. As early as 1661 he published a long Parnassian poem, Indian Spring, in which he contrasted the dark heresies which overshadowed Northern Europe in the sixteenth century with the joyful apparition of Mary in Mexico, born amidst candid lilies, purple carnations, jasmin and blue irises, in a land blessed with an “eternal spring.” Was not the presence of the Virgin at Tepeyac symbol of the ever-western movement of the Catholic faith? In his Glorias of Quéretaro (1680), Sigüenza y Góngora commemorated the dedication of a new church to Our Lady of Guadalupe, the spiritual home of a congregation of secular priests founded in 1669 in her honor. In loving detail he described the elaborate masque staged by the governor of the local Indian community, in which figures of the city's Otomí founder, the emperors of Mexico-Tenochtitlan and Charles V, all paraded through the city streets. Commenting on the devotion to the Mexican Virgin, Sigüenza y Góngora observed that it was not until 1659 that a copy of the image had been brought to the city, adding: “a strange case this, for Querétaro to lack the image, when the Most Holy Mary of Guadalupe is the image and gentle magnet of devoted Americans.”

In addition, the work describes in great detail the nature of the church, its structure, its architectural elements, decorations, paintings, etc.

     The province of Querétaro was originally the home of the Chichimecas, who inhabited the region at the time of the Spanish Conquest. In the sixteenth century, Querétaro was conquered by the cacique Nicolas de San Luis de Jilotepec. The Mexican author was a professor of mathematics at the University in Mexico and a great rival, in cosmography and astronomy, to the famous Jesuit Padre Eusebio Kino, the Apostle of California. Sigüenza was “perhaps the most remarkable man born in Mexico during the viceregal period, and it is to be regretted that so many of his works have been lost...he was a man of varied talent, of keen intelligence, and far ahead of his times” (Wagner, Spanish Southwest 63n).

     In 1810 editor José María Zelaá é Hidalgo augmented the present work with Adiciones (see Garritz, Impresos Novohispanos, 1808-1821). Other of his works include a novena in honor of the Virgin of Guadalupe (Garritz, Impresos Novohispanos, 1808-1821 #1879) and a sermon celebrating Querétaro's deliverance from harm during the disturbances in 1811 (Garritz, Impresos Novohispanos, 1808-1821 #1299).


Sold. Hammer: $1,500.00; Price Realized: $1,837.50.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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