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131. [MAP: WORLD (CALIFORNIA AS AN ISLAND)]. SEUTTER, Matthaeus. Diversi Globi Terr-aqvei statione Variante et Visu Intercedente.... [Augsburg, ca. 1734-40]. Engraved map. 50.1 x 58.2 cm. (19-3/4 x 22-15/16 inches). Original full coloring. Scale not stated. Double hemisphere map surrounded by 8 smaller projections and 4 circular diagrams; dark cross-hatched background with wind-faces and clouds; 2 ornate cartouches. Fine copy of this dramatically executed map.
This visually striking map represents an early example of advanced
cartographic technique. In addition to the equatorial hemispheres, Seutter
presents polar projections, optical views, and oblique projections. Seutter
closely follows Carel Allard's 1696 world map, with slight changes to the major
hemispheres and repeating the projections and diagrams. California is shown as
an island with indented northern coastline and "Terra Essonis" extending west
from North America. Phillips, Atlases 583:3 or 593:2. Shirley 578n.
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132. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. LE ROUGE, [Georges Louis]. Amerique Septentrionale suivant la Carte de Pople faite à Londres in 20 feuilles. Paris, 1742. Engraved map of North America east of the Rio Grande, including the Caribbean. 51.5 x 48.5 cm. (20-1/4 x 19-1/8 inches). Original outline coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 20 leagues. Imprint within a pictorial cartouche of Native Americans, alligator, monkeys, parrot, Europeans landing goods from ships. Small insets of 18 towns and harbors at right margin. Edges of large blank margins (over 6 inches wide) a bit rough and short split at centerfold (neither affecting image), otherwise a fine copy of a map seldom found in commerce.
A reduced (but augmented) French version of Popple's A Map of the
British Empire in America (London, 1733), the "first large scale English
map of America" (Tooley, America, pp. 315-16). Popple's grand map had
considerable influence, being reprinted in Holland and France. The present map,
which reproduces Popple's pictorial cartouche, appeared in Le Rouge's
Recueil des Cartes Nouvelles (Paris, 1742), and also his Atlas
général (1741-62), both very rare works. Cumming 254: "This
is one of the reduced 'key' type copies of Popple's map, made in France by Le
Rouge.... This map gives more detail than the Popple map of the Carolina
region." Phillips, Atlases 5975:140. Le Rouge, a military engineer,
devoted himself to cartography between 1740 and 1780, creating many handsome
works, including maps, plans of fortifications, campaign maps, town plans, sea
charts, and atlases. The western boundary of Louisiana is west of the Colorado
River and extends south of the Rio Grande into present-day Mexico.
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One of the Last Maps to Depict California as an Island
Item 133 - detail
133. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA (CALIFORNIA AS AN ISLAND)]. SEALE, Richard William. A Map of North America with the European Settlements & Whatever Else is Remarkable in ye West Indies, from the Latest Observations. [London, 1745]. Engraved map of North America. 37.4 x 46.6 cm. (14-3/4 x 18-3/8 inches). Outline coloring. Scale not stated. Ornate title cartouche with decorative scroll-work and botanical elements; small compass rose, prevailing winds. Very fine.
This highly decorative and famous English map of America appeared in
Tindal's Continuation of Rapin's History of England (1744-47). Leighly
173: "By this time  new maps showing California as an island were few and
far between. Seale's map is among the last to be engraved." McLaughlin, The
Mapping of California as an Island 228. Wheat, Transmississippi West
124. Tooley, The Mapping of America ("California as an Island") 97. The
western border of Louisiana is placed at the Nueces River and its northern
border at about the 37th parallel. California is shown as an island with
indented northern coast, just two years before King Ferdinand VII of Spain
decreed that California was not an island. The entrance to the Straits of
Annian are shown.
Item 134 - detail
134. [MAP: NEW SPAIN]. BOWEN, Emanuel. A New & Accurate Map of Mexico or New Spain together with California New Mexico &c.... [London, 1748]. Engraved map extending from Panama to Santa Fe. 35.3 x 42.0 cm. (13-7/8 x 16-1/2 inches). Later outline coloring. Scale 1 inch = approximately 48 leagues. Title within masonry-type cartouche with illustration to right: man in European dress holding a sword over two bound Native Americans on their knees before him; small compass rose. Inset: The Gallapagos Islands. 14.6 x 10.8 cm. (5-3/4 x 4-1/4 inches). Very fine.
A retrogressive map except in the respect of showing California as a
peninsula and referring to Kino. Bowen states in printed text at the top:
California, which has been Described and Represented as an Island, even by
very modern Geographers, was Discover'd by Father Eusebius Francis Kino a
Jesuit, to be a Peninsula between the Years 1698 and 1701 who, together with
other Jesuit Missionaries, travelled either by Land & converted, a great
Number of Natives." The mouth of the Rio Colorado of the North is almost
correctly shown. Phillips, Atlases 614:56 (gives source of present map
as Complete Atlas or Distinct View of the Known World.... London, 1752).
Wheat, Transmississippi West 126 & p. 71: "The Newberry Library copy
of this map is dated 1748 (in ink) at the conclusion of the title." The
cartouche is a reversal and reworking of one of the pictorial elements found on
Pieter van der Aa's 1729 map Mexique ou Nouvelle Espagne (see item 127
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Item 135 - detail
135. [MAP: WEST INDIES]. BOWEN, Emanuel. A New and Accurate Chart of the West Indies with the Adjacent Coasts of North and South America.... [London, ca. 1744-1748]. Engraved map. 37.4 x 45.1 cm. (14-3/4 x 17-3/4 inches). Black and white. Scale not stated. Ornamental title cartouche, two compasses with radiating rhumb lines; routes of Spanish galleons traced. At lower right: Vol. II, Page 39. Very fine.
A very attractive map with excellent detail on navigation in the
Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico. Like Moll, Bowen fills his blank spaces with
interesting and sometimes amusing commentary. On the present map is text on the
French-English map war, history (particularly piracy), and navigational tips,
e.g.: The most difficult part of the Course of sailing thro' the Windward
Passage, is from Port Royal to point Morant, which being against the Trade
Winds, takes up sometimes 5 or 6 weeks, tho' but the distance of 20
Leagues.... "Emanuel Bowen, map and print seller, was engraver to George II
and Louis XV of France and worked in London from about 1714 onwards producing
some of the best and most attractive maps of the century.... In spite of his
royal appointments and apparent prosperity he died in poverty" (Moreland &
Bannister, Antique Maps, p. 166).
Item 136 - detail
136. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. ROBERT DE VAUGONDY, Didier. Amérique Septentrionale, dressée sur les Relations les plus modernes des Voyageurs et Navigateurs, et divisée suivant les differentes possessions des Européens. [Paris], 1750. Engraved map of North and Central America. 47.8 x 58.5 cm. (18-13/16 x 23 inches). Outline coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 80 leagues. Pictorial cartouche with Native Americans, waterfall, alligator, bear, and flora. Map numbered by hand in ink: 103. A few wormholes at top (mostly confined to blank margin), short tears at creased centerfold (not affecting image). Strong impression.
Early issue (later issues, with same printed date, show Etats
Unis). "The Robert de Vaugondys were descended from the Nicolas Sanson
family [from whom] they inherited much of Sanson's cartographic material which
they combined with maps and plates acquired after Hubert Jaillot's death in
1712 to form the basis for a beautifully produced Atlas Universel. The
old material was much revised and corrected with the addition of many new place
names" (Moreland & Bannister, Antique Maps, p. 166). Karpinski
("Fundamental Maps of the Great Lakes" #62, in Maps of Famous Cartographers
Depicting North America, p. 141). Nordenskiöld 245.
Phillips, Atlases 619. Wheat, Transmississippi West 129 & pp.
71 & 142). Wagner, Northwest Coast 567. Robert de Vaugondy's map,
one of the most advanced of its day, leaves unknown areas blank, a feature
typical of the scientific French school of cartography of that time. The
cartouche is strategically placed to cover the unknown Pacific Northwest coast.
Text on LaSalle is inserted in Texas, including location of the site of his
murder: Ici fait tué M. de la Salle en 1685.
Item 137 - detail
137. [MAP: WORLD]. [PIAZZETTA, Giovanni Battista (artist) & G. B. Albrizzi (publisher)]. Mappamondo, o sia Descrizione Generale del Globo Terrestre ed Acquatico. N.p., [ca. 1750]. Engraved map. 29.8 x 35.7 cm. (11-3/4 x 14 inches). Original (?) full coloring. Scale not stated. Double hemisphere map surrounded by female personifications of the four continents; title within ornate cartouche; armillary sphere at top. Split at centerfold, two small stains at top blank margin (not affecting image).
An elegant example of the Italian school of cartography, the art work by
important Italian artist Giovanni Battista Piazzetta (ca. 1682-1754), whose
influence can be seen in the subsequent work of Zatta and others. The
cartographic content of the map, which is drawn from De l'Isle's Mappe Monde
(1700), is obviously secondary to the very beautiful, serene female figures
in each corner representing the four continents. G. Batta Piaceta is
shown as Inventor (left), and Guliano Giampicoli, as engraver
(right). "[Piazzetta's] illustrations for Albrizzi's 1745 edition of Tasso's
Gerusalemme Liberata were outstanding in their day. His nudes drawn in
charcoal heightened with touches of chalk were in considerable demand.
Piazzetta's finest and most mature work comes from the period 1740-50, which in
tonality and the softened use of contrasts anticipated and to some extent
influenced 18th-c. painting in Venice" (Oxford Companion to Art, pp.
865-66). Explorers' routes are shown; the Northwest Coast for the most part is
left blank; Australia is joined to New Guinea.
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The French Reply in the Great Map War
Item 138 - detail
138. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. BELLIN, Jacques Nicolas. Carte de la Louisiane et des Pays Voisins...1750. Sur de Nouvelles Observations on a corrigé les Lacs, et leurs Environs, 1755. [Paris], 1755. Engraved map of North America from the Atlantic to beyond the Rio Grande. 48.5 x 62.0 cm. (19-1/16 x 24-7/16 inches). Original outline and wash coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 27 leagues. Ornamental title cartouche. Trimmed and mounted on old heavy rag paper. Small, light stain at upper right. Rarely offered.
Second state, with significant corrections to the Great Lakes (first
state, 1750). Based on De l'Isle's important 1718 Carte de la Louisiane et
du Cours du Mississipi, this map with its significantly colored boundaries
shows French claims. It was the French reply to English cartographers like
Senex and Moll (see items 124 & 125 herein) in the Great Map War, again
restricting English claims to the region east of the Appalachians. Bellin
(1703-72) was one of the most important and prolific French cartographers of
the period. Appointed the first Ingenieur Hydrographe de la Marine, and also
Official Hydrographer to the French King, Bellin's output included large-format
atlases of sea charts and the 5-volume Petit Atlas Maritime. Cumming
107n. Lowery 406: "The first edition of this map, dated 1750 is found in his
Atlas maritime, 1751, no. 22." Tooley, "Printed Maps of America,"
(MCS 96) 689 & Plate 2.
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139. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. BELLIN, Jacques Nicolas. La Louisiane et Pays Voisins. [Paris], 1763. Engraved map of North America from the Susquehanna River to the Rio Grande. 21.1 x 34.7 cm. (8-5/16 x 13-5/8 inches). Original(?) outline and wash coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 46 lieues communes. Ornamental title cartouche. Very fine.
Second state (according to Tooley, with Tome I No. 40
at upper right; first state also dated 1763, but without the notation at
upper right). From Bellin's Petit atlas maritime receuil de cartes et plans
des quatre parties du monde (1763-64). Lowery 487. Nordenskiöld
10:I(40). Phillips, Atlases 638. Tooley, "Printed Maps of America,"
(MCS 96) 853.
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140. [MAP: NEW FRANCE]. BELLIN, Jacques Nicolas. Suite du cours du fleuve St. Louis depuis la Riviere d'Iberville jusqua celle des Yasous, et les Parties connues de la Riviere Rouge et la Riviere Noire.... [Paris, 1764]. Engraved map of the course of the Mississippi from 30º25'N to 31ºN and of the Red River to Natchitoches and westward to Adayes Presidio Espagnol de la Province de Texas. 21.6 x 34.7 cm. (8-1/2 x 13-5/8 inches). Original outline coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 5 lieues communes. Ornate title cartouche; smaller cartouche on inset; framed text with comments on the Red River. Inset: Carte de l'Etablissement François sur la Riviere Rouge. Minor wrinkling along top blank margin, else fine.
Second state (according to Tooley, with Tome I No. 46
at upper right; first state also undated, but without the notation at upper
right). One of the earliest detailed maps of the region, from Bellin's Petit
atlas maritime receuil de cartes et plans des quatre parties du monde.
Lowery 490. Nordenskiöld 10:I(46). Phillips, Atlases 638.
Tooley, "Printed Maps of America," (MCS 96) 853. Bellin shows the
French-Spanish confrontation along the Red River, with Natchitoches only seven
leagues by road from Presidio Nuestra Señora del Pilar de los Adaes,
founded in 1716 and rebuilt in 1721. The inset of Natchitoches depicts the Red
River raft (Embaras d'Arbres) blockading the river upstream. The framed
explanatory text describes the wild animals of the Red River region
(Crocodiles et tres poissonneuse, Bufs, Ours, Tigres, Loups,
Cerf, et Chevreuils) and comments that the Red River is navigable only
during times of high water.
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