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Auction 6: Lots 170-179

170. [MAPS: TEXAS BOUNDARY SURVEY ]. UNITED STATES. DEPARTMENT OF STATE. Message from the President [John Tyler]...Proceedings of the Commissioner Appointed to Run the Boundary Line between the U.S. and the Republic of Texas. Washington: S199, 1842. 74 [5] pp., 6 folding lithographic maps. 8vo, modern tan calf, black cloth label on upper cover. Some splits at folds of maps and occasional light foxing.

First complete edition (the maps originally issued as separates, probably in the same year as the present government document; see Streeter 1438-43 and p. 239, where he includes the original issue of these maps as among the six most important maps for a Texas collection). Streeter 1432 & 1432A. Streeter calls the maps in this report "the most important in Texas history, in that they show the final boundary between Texas and the U.S. from the Gulf of Mexico to the Red River" and states that the book is one of the most important for a Texas collection. Martin & Martin, p. 36n: "For the first time depicted the eastern border of Texas." The maps that accompany the report are:

Sabine Pass and Mouth of the River Sabine in the Sea.... 56.0 x 44.5 cm. (22 x 17-1/2 inches).

Map of the River Sabine from Logan's Ferry to 32nd. Degree of North Latitude. 16.5 x 21.6 cm. (6-1/2 x 8-1/2 inches).

A.2. Part of the Boundary between the United States and Texas; from Sabine River, Northward, to the 36th. Mile Mound. 31.1 x 18.4 cm. (12-1/4 x 7-1/4 inches).

B.2. Part of the Boundary between the United States and Texas: North of Sabine River from the 36th. to the 72nd. Mile Mound. 30.8 x 20.1 cm. (12-1/8 x 8-1/4 inches).

C.2. Part of the Boundary between the United States and Texas; North of Sabine River, from the 72nd. Mile Mound to Red River. 31.8 x 18.4 cm. (12-1/2 x 7-1/4 inches).

Map of the River Sabine from its Mouth on the Gulf of Mexico in the Sea to Logan's Ferry.... 87.0 x 18.1 cm. (34-1/4 x 7-1/8 inches).
($400-800) $862.50

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First Version of the Mitchell-Young Map to Show Texas Counties

Item 171

171. [MAP: TEXAS]. MITCHELL, S. Augustus & J. H. Young. New Map of Texas, with the Contiguous American and Mexican States by J. H. Young. Philadelphia: Mitchell, 1842. Engraved map on onionskin paper. 31.4 x 38.2 cm. (12-5/16 x 15 inches). Original bright full coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 75 miles. Three insets containing text. 1-1/2 inch split to fold at lower edge, other folds and edges reinforced with old tape on verso. Despite these flaws, the map makes a very nice appearance.

Intense interest in events west of the Sabine prompted Mitchell to issue eight versions of this map beginning in 1835 during the Texas Revolution, and up to 1845, the year of annexation. The present map was the first version in which the counties of Texas replace most of the land grants. Each successive version of the map contained updates and corrections to reflect the rapidly changing Republic. Raines, p. 250. Streeter 1178E (no copy located in pocket map form): "The same plate is used for all editions of this map and it covers substantially the same area as the Burr map first published in 1833.... The error in the Burr map of running the boundary between Texas and Louisiana about half a degree too far west is not repeated in the Young map." An extremely handsome map with each county and land grant colored and inset texts: Land Grants (explaining procedures for purchasing public lands); Remarks on Texas (the earlier text commenting on plans of Anglo settlers to "obtain a government seperate [sic] from that of Cohahuila [sic]" has been changed to refer to the Republic of Texas; includes a description of cattle raising--"Texas is one of the finest stock countries in the world. Cattle are raised in great abundance and with but little trouble"), and Rivers of Texas. This colorful map provides interesting insight into the spread of settlement during the early Republic Period. An historic and important map by one of the leading cartographers of the day.
($4,000-6,000) $6,900.00

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First Recognition of Texas as an Independent Entity by the U.S. Government

Item 172, detail

172. [MAP: TEXAS]. EMORY, W. H. Map of Texas and the Country Adjacent: Compiled in the Bureau of the Corps of Topographical Engineers; from the Best Authorities. For the State Department, Under the Direction of Colonel J. J. Abert, Chief of the Corps, by W. H. Emory, 1st. Lieut. T. E. War Department 1844. W. J. Stone Sc. Washn. [Washington]: Published by order of the U.S. Senate, 1844. Lithographic map. 53.3 x 83.2 cm. (21 x 32-3/4 inches). Original outline coloring of Texas in rose. Scale: 1 inch = 70 miles. Text at lower left with statistics and references. Lightly creased where formerly folded, but overall an excellent copy of a key map in the cartography of Texas and the Southwest.

First edition. One of two large scale issues of Emory's map, the other is without the inscription "W. J. Stone Sc. Washn." A smaller scale version was also issued. Martin & Martin 33: "First map to show correctly the full extent of the boundaries set by the Texas Congress on December 19, 1836. Probably the best map of the region at the time of annexation." Texas appears with extravagant boundaries reaching as far west as Santa Fe. Streeter 1543: "It is probable that the [present] large scale map was issued before the edition on smaller scale." Taliaferro, p. 15n (designating Emory's map as important for its contribution to Texas geography as a whole and providing a "valuable record of the social and political evolution of the state during the crucial years when much of its territory was first settled by a population of European origin." Wheat, Transmississippi West 478. Delineation of the borders of Texas was a primary concern in the Congressional annexation debate. Congress in 1844 commissioned this map, which was the first recognition of Texas as an independent entity by the U.S. government. This map continues to accrue in value and interest.
($4,500-7,500) $6,900.00

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173. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. LEVASSEUR, Victor. Amérique Septentrionale. Paris: Combette, [ca. 1845]. Engraved map of North America. 20.0 x 17.4 cm. (7-7/8 x 6-7/8 inches) within a 28.4 x 43.4 cm. (11-3/16 x 17-1/8 inches) pictorial frame. At upper left: Atlas Universel Illustré. Original outline coloring. Scale not stated. Lightly browned and waterstained at blank margins, map image and text fine and clean.

Texas is shown as an independent nation. The large pictorial border depicts the flora, fauna and scenery of North America (condor, bison, polar bear, elk, crocodile, jaguar, Newfoundland dog, Black laborer, white "planter," Native American, Aztec sculpture and pyramid, scenic waterfall, boat locked in Arctic ice, etc.).

"The Best Map of Texas as it was Just before Annexation"—Streeter

Item 174, detail

174. [MAP: TEXAS]. WILSON, James T. D. A New & Correct, Map of Texas Compiled from the Most Recent Surveys & Authorities to the Year 1845. New Orleans: R. W. Fishbourne, 1845. Pocket map. Lithographed map of Texas. 55.2 x 71.5 cm. (21-3/4 x 28-1/4 inches), original 16mo cloth covers detached but preserved. Black and white. Scale not stated. Professionally de-acidified, with some expert repairs and a few voids neatly filled. Excessively rare. This is the only copy that we recall having been offered on the open market.

First edition. Graff 4705. Martin & Martin 35: "James Wilson (New Handbook VI:1006) was only twenty-five when he made his map of Texas in 1845, but he was already a man of wide experience. Born in 1820 in St. the time he had reached the age of fifteen he had lived in Missouri, Mississippi, Virginia, Kentucky, and Ohio, and held an assortment of jobs. He journeyed to Texas in 1835, fought in the Texas Revolution, and eventually joined his father, by then a land speculator and sometime politician in the real estate business in Houston. It was probably in connection with this business that Wilson made his map.

"The 'Authorities' on which Wilson based the map appear to be predominantly the General Land Office.... The map was extremely detailed and accurate to the 100th meridian. The coast and rivers of the region appeared much as they should, and other natural features such as the Cross Timbers in the north and the mesquite range in the south were graphically displayed. Enchanted Rock, though unnamed, appeared as a landmark. The political features include all thirty-six counties then organized, along with their towns and settlements. He depicted several colonization ventures along with the grants to the Texas Emigration and Land Company in North Texas, and to C. Mercer. The recently established German colony in central Texas is marked as a 'Dutch settlement' near the site of New Braunfels. A network of roads and trails connected the settlements throughout the area and included 'Trammels Trail' in East Texas and the 'Route of the Santa Fe Expedition' in the central region.

"The detailed depiction of the eastern half of the Republic was in stark contrast to the dearth of information west of the 100th meridian, which gave a clear indication why many maps of the period...failed to include that part.... Wilson lived until 1902, and he twice served as the mayor of Houston, but he never made another map. His single effort is now a great rarity, surviving in only two copies, and it is perhaps the best depiction of Texas on the eve of annexation. It clearly illustrated the progress of settlement and the nearly total lack of information in the west, a region that was to remain the domain of the Comanche and the coyote for another thirty years." Phillips, America, p. 844. Streeter, p. 329 (designating the map as one of the six most desirable maps for a Texas collection) & 1627: "This excellent large-scale map gives the best representation of Texas as it was just before annexation."
($50,000-100,000) $69,00.00

Item 174, detail

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175. [MAP: MEXICO]. DUVOTENAY, Th[unot]. Méxique. Paris: Basset, 1846. Engraved map. 31.1 x 22.9 cm. (12-1/4 x 11-3/4 inches). Original outline coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 250 miles. Inset of Guatemala at lower left. Very fine.

Depicts Mexico on the eve of the Mexican-American War, with Texas shown as an independent nation with its southern boundary at the Rio Grande and its western boundary approximately at the Pecos River.
($125-250) $201.25

Previously Unknown

176. [MAP: TEXAS]. ANDERSON, H. A [Map] of Texas, Mexico, Oregon [an]d California with all the Adjoining States & Regions. St. Clairsville, Ohio, 1846. Lithographic map. 92.7 x 91.1 cm. (36-1/2 x 35-7/8 inches). Original full color. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 72 miles. Inset at lower left: Map of Part of Mexico and Guatimala. List of "Authorities" at lower right. Printed in four separate sections, mounted on paper. Damaged on right with some losses affecting title, upstate Ohio/Indiana/Illinois, and central Tennessee; waterstaining in British Canada (north of 53ºN) and along upper border; browning and occasional surface abrasions. Distressing condition (could be appreciably improved with stabilization and expert restoration), but the only known copy.

Previously unknown map of the western United States at the outbreak of the Mexican-American War. Although at first the map appears to closely follow the Mitchell map of the same year (see Item 178 herein), there are several significant differences. The area covered is greater, extending east to Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Georgia, and south to Tampico and Cabo San Lucas. The scale is larger (approximately 72 miles to the inch vs. 102 miles to the inch). The Anderson map marks the early battlegrounds of the Mexican-American War (Palo Alto & Resaca de Palma) as well as locating Ft. Polk, Ft. Brown – Taylor's Ft., and Camargo. The Mitchell map, which is actually copyright 1845, does not show any of this. Both maps show Ft. Alamo, but only the Anderson map locates the Battle of San Jacinto. In the northwest the Anderson map shows the Established Boundary of 1846 at 49ºN, the result of the Oregon Treaty of June 1846; the Mitchell map shows that boundary as "proposed," and the colorist extends the claimed U.S. territory to 54º40'N, the Boundary of 1824 (the U.S.-Russian Treaty). The Mitchell map also makes note of the 42ºN boundary between Upper California and Oregon as the Boundary of 1819 (Adams-Onís Treaty). In another boundary claim dispute, the Mitchell map places the Texas/New Mexico border along the Rio Grande (following Texas' original claim of 1836), although a dotted boundary line is also placed some fifty miles to the east. The colorist of the Anderson map places the border on that easterly boundary line. The Anderson map has only a single note in the Great Interior Basin (the Mitchell map has two separate notes), and also Anderson attributes his information to Freemont's [sic] report Page 275.6. The maps also differ in other details. For example, the Anderson map shows Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Velasco, Texas; the Mitchell map does not.

Anderson acknowledges an impressive list of authorities: Humboldt, Pike, Long, J. C. Brown, Kearney, Frémont, J. D. Graham, Beechey, Commodore Moore (for the Texas coast), Wilkes, and the Texan Santa Fe Expedition. He also acknowledges his indebtedness to Austin, Hunt & Randel, and Arrowsmith, making, in all, it is believed, the best authorities extant. We have been unable to find much about Anderson. Tooley (Dictionary of Mapmakers) lists a Hugh Anderson (fl. 1811-53) as a map engraver but does not list this map. Henry Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio (1888) notes "H. Anderson's Map Engraving & Publishing Establishment" in St. Clairsville. The 1850 census for Belmont County, Ohio, lists a Hugh Anderson (aged 63, born in Ireland) as an engineer.
($10,000-20,000) $10,350.00

177. [MAP: TEXAS]. KEMBLE, W. Texas in 1836. New York: Harper & Bros., [1846?]. Engraved map of the Republic of Texas. 21.1 x 23.7 cm. (8-5/16 x 9-5/16 inches). Land grants with original full coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 75 miles. Very fine.

A colonization map of Texas based on Bradford's 1835 map (from Monette's History of the Discovery and Settlement of the Valley of the Mississippi. New York: Harper, 1846).
($250-450) $575.00

"One of the First Widely Distributed Maps Showing Texas as a State"—Martin & Martin

178. [MAP: TEXAS]. MITCHELL, S. Augustus. A New Map of Texas, Oregon and California with the Regions Adjoining. Compiled from the Most Recent Authorities. Philadelphia: Mitchell, 1846. Pocket map and accompanying text (Accompaniment to Mitchell's New Map of Texas, Oregon and California.... 46 pp.). Lithographic map. 56.2 x 51.6 cm. (22-1/8 x 20-3/8 inches), folded into original covers (16mo, original brown embossed leather, gilt-lettered label on upper cover). Original full coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 15 miles. Covers rubbed, a few small tears, but overall a fine copy of a scarce map, difficult to find in collector's condition. Preserved in a half navy blue calf slipcase. Bookplate of Jean Hersholt.

First printing of this landmark map of the American West. Baughman, Kansas in Maps, p. 35: "A deservedly popular map of the West." Graff 2841. Howes M685. Martin & Martin 36: "One of the first widely distributed maps showing Texas as a state in the U.S.... The popularity of the map was no doubt heightened by the beginning of the...war with Mexico the same year." Plains & Rockies IV:122b. Wheat, Transmississippi West 520, p. 35: "Based on...the work of Nicollet, Wilkes and Fremont, and 'the Congressional and other maps of Texas, the latest Maps of Mexico, &c.' The 'Oregon Route' carefully drawn, as is the 'Caravan route to Santa Fe,' and this map represents a great step forward [utilizing] the recent explorations that had bounded and determined the nature of the Great Basin. The Texas claim to a western boundary up the Rio Grande is here shown, with the northern panhandle extending all the way to the 42nd parallel, following Emory's map of Texas;" & p. 254: "The Accompaniment is of particular interest, containing perhaps the clearest statement of Oregon and California facts that came out of the period just prior to the settlement of the former's boundaries and the inclusion of the latter in the U.S.;" Gold Regions 29.
($4,000-8,000) $4,600.00

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The Exceptionally Rare Wall Map Issue

179. [MAP: TEXAS]. MITCHELL, S. Augustus. A New Map of Texas Oregon and California with the Regions Adjoining. Compiled from the Most Recent Authorities. Philadelphia: Mitchell, 1846. Wall map, mounted on linen, with original wooden rollers. Lithographic map. 61.7 x 56.8 cm. (24-5/16 x 22-3/8 inches). Original full coloring. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 105 miles. Right half of map darkened by waterstain, two-inch tear at upper right affecting ornamental border, small irregular void (approximately 1 cm. in diameter) in far north Texas near the route to Santa Fe.

Wall map issue of preceding map—exceptionally rare in this format. The stylized floral border is approximately twice as thick as in the pocket map edition.

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