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190. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. DUFOUR, A[uguste] H[enri]. Amérique du Nord.... Paris: Paulin & Le Chevalier, 1860. Engraved map. 76.3 x 55.9 cm. (30 x 22 inches). Original coloring (outline, wash, and shading). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 190 miles. Inset of the Aleutian Islands. Major ocean currents and prevailing winds are shown. Two slight tears at top blank margin, otherwise bright and clean.
The feature of this large, beautiful, and delicately
colored map that first captures the attention of the viewer
is Texas. The U.S. boundaries are those subsequent to the
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo but prior to the Gadsden
Purchase. The map appeared in at least two atlases; above
the neat line is printed Atlas Universel Pl. 37 and
Géographie moderne Pl. 28. Phillips,
America, p. 608. Not in Wheat, Transmississippi
West, although his entry 415 describes an 1836
incarnation in slightly smaller format.
Virtually Unknown Pocket Map
191. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. COLTON, J. H. Colton's Map of the United States, Mexico, the West Indies &c. New York, 1861. Pocket map. Engraved map on onionskin paper. 86.4 x 94.5 cm. (33-1/4 x 37-3/16 inches), folded into original 12mo blind-stamped, gilt-lettered brown cloth covers. Original full, bright coloring with boundaries in crimson outline. Scale not stated. Two insets: Colton's Map of the Americas, Africa, and a Portion of Europe; table of distances. Numerous ships. Intricate grape vine border. Covers separated at spine, except for numerous clean tears at folds of map (no losses, and easily repairable) the map is exceptionally fine with very vibrant coloring.
The Colton family, whose enterprise was based in New
York, were prolific producers of maps and atlases during
the nineteenth century. The present pocket map is a
dazzling production, though virtually unknown. The map
shows both existing and proposed railroad routes, tracings
of explorers routes, etc. Oddities include a horizontal
boundary between New Mexico and Arizona. Phillips,
America, p. 909. Not in Wheat.
192. [MAP: UNITED STATES]. COLTON, G. W. & C. B. General Map of the Atlantic & Pacific R.R. showing Connections & Comparative Profiles. New York: Colton, 1867. Engraved map on onionskin paper. 27.5 x 31.8 cm. (10-3/4 x 12-1/2 inches). Original full coloring. Scale not stated. Below are profiles of the U.S. from St. Louis to the California plateau on the Pacific and from Boston to Mt. St. Helens. Ornate floral border. Some browning at lower right, otherwise fine, in acid-free double mat and natural oak frame.
First edition. Not in Wheat, Modelski,
Phillips, etc. This excellent map shows the Atlantic &
Pacific Railroad extending from Ft. Smith and St. Louis to
the West Coast. Existing railroads "back east" as well as
around Houston, Texas, are also indicated. Perhaps the most
interesting feature of the map is the profile of the
continent showing the elevations from the Pacific to the
"The largest, finest and most detailed map of the West as it was then known"—O'Brien
193. [MAP: UNITED STATES]. KEELER, William J. National Map of the Territory of the United States from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean. Washington, 1867. Large lithographic map, mounted on cartographic linen. 121.0 x 146.5 cm. (47-5/8 x 57-5/8 inches), folded into original 4to brown gilt-lettered cloth covers. Original full coloring. Scale: 1 inch = 36 miles. Cover title: Keeler's Map of the U.S. Territories Pacific R.R. Routes Mineral Lands and Indian Reservations. 1867. Fine, presentation copy to Representative J. F. Farnsworth from A. G. Taylor, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Privately printed and quite rare.
First issue (presentation copies constitute
the first issue of this map). Graff 2281. Howes K22. Martin
& Martin 47: "In 1867, seeking to take advantage of
public interest in all aspects of the West, but
particularly the railroad routes, William J. Keeler, an
engineer working in the Indian Bureau, published a large,
attractive map of the entire country west of the
Mississippi.... As a product no doubt of Keeler's own
employment with the Indian Bureau, the various Indian
reservations were clearly shown and identified by a color
scheme, an early use of this thematic device." O'Brien 646:
"The largest, finest and most detailed map of the West as
it was then known. Showing all surveyed regions, all
exploratory and overland travel routes, forts, Indians,
Indian land cessions and reservations, projected railway
routes, and all known deposits of mines of gold, silver,
copper, quicksilver, iron, and coal. A rare and exceedingly
important map." Phillips, America, p. 916. Wheat,
Transmississippi West 1170 & p. 211: "A complete
Railroad Map, the only one published which shows the whole
of the great Pacific Railroad routes and their projections
and branches, together with all other railroads in the
States and Territories bordering the Mississippi on both
Click for image
A Late, but Rare, Pocket Guide Map to Texas
194. [MAP: TEXAS]. BLANCHARD, Rufus. Blanchard's Guide Map of Texas. Chicago, 1876. Pocket map and accompanying text (3 pp. accordion folded sheet of county census figures). Lithographic map. 40.8 x 51.2 cm. (16-1/16 x 20-1/8 inches), folded into 16mo printed stiff paper wrappers. Original full coloring. Inset: Map of the Rio Grande River to the Western Limits of Texas. Clean splits at folds of map, otherwise very fine; the fragile printed wrappers are exceptionally well preserved.
Texas is evolving into its modern form in the
eastern half, but the western half is still largely blank.
Shows existing and proposed railroads. This is a rare
production from Blanchard, whose focus was more normally
the mid-West, see Howes B508-B510. Not in Day, Taliaferro,
Click for image
195. [MAP: TEXAS]. GRAY, Frank A. Gray's New Map of Texas and the Indian Territory. Philadelphia, 1876. Lithographed map. 41.3 x 67.8 cm. (16-1/4 x 26-11/16 inches). Original full coloring with vibrant rose outlining. Scale: 1 inch = 45 miles. Insets of river systems, land elevations, Galveston, Galveston Bay, Matagorda Bay, Austin, and Southern Texas. Penciled "X"s on map marking 14 towns on rail routes. Fine.
After centuries of cartographic development, the
Gray map, like the Colton-De Cordova map of Texas (see item
187 herein), represents the distillation of all that went
before and what has come to be known as Texas. Prominently
shows completed and proposed railroads in Texas.
Particularly interesting are the insets of the Texas river
systems and land elevations. Naturally, we are attracted to
the rather pleasant street map of Austin at the lower left
Drawn from Surveys by Reuben W. Ford. Plate 95 from
O. W. Gray & Son's National Atlas (Philadelphia,
1876). Phillips, Atlases 878, 1394.
196. [MAP: TEXAS]. RAND, MCNALLY & CO. Rand, McNally & Co.'s Texas. Chicago, 1895. Pocket map and accompanying text (Rand, McNally & Co.'s Indexed County and Railroad Pocket Map and Shippers' Guide of Texas.... Chicago & New York, n.d. 86 [6, ads] pp.). Cerographed map. 48.1 x 65.0 cm. (18-15/16 x 25-5/8 inches), folded into original 16mo brown stiff printed wrappers. Boundaries, waterways and railroads machine colored. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 35 miles. Inset printed in red lists about fifty railroad lines keyed by number to the map. Rio Grande Valley appears as an inset. Chief cities along left margin. Fragile printed wrappers lightly chipped, lower wrap (with map) detached, the map fine.
The cerographic technique marks the transition between maps meant to be saved and used over a period of time and modern "disposable" mass-produced maps. Ironically, it is probably easier to acquire Münster's sixteenth-century map of the New World than it is to find a copy of this diminutive pocket map and guide. "The era of railroad transportation and western migration created a great demand for Rand, McNally's maps and guidebooks; these same forces, however, rendered the product virtually obsolete overnight. The number of copies required also strained the limits of the traditional methods of producing such items. In short, there was a great demand for large numbers of accurate, inexpensive, up-to-date maps and guidebooks. To fill this demand it was necessary for Rand, McNally to adopt a new printing technology, cerography or wax engraving, which produced a hard, durable plate that could be used in the new steam-powered presses, but which could also be easily corrected and amended. The adoption and perfection of the wax-engraving process as a production technique had enormous influence on the growth of Rand, McNally....
"Rand, McNally's guidebooks developed into a number
of other products designed to serve the same market,
including a series of County and Railroad Pocket Maps
and Shippers' Guides for the several states. These
works focused on the railroad lines linking towns and
settlements in the developing West and became an important
mainstay in the commerce of the region. They were
constantly revised and updated.... The maps were
accompanied by a Shippers' Guide, which included an
index to the maps in which the towns were located, as well
as listings of train schedules and connections and
prevailing rates. When examined in a series, these Rand,
McNally maps reveal the westward march of settlement"
(Martin & Martin 49n, describing an 1887 railroad
Click for image
197. [MAP: TEXAS]. NATIONAL PUBLISHING COMPANY. National Publishing Company's New Railroad, Post Office & County Map of Texas Oklahoma & Indian Territory.... Boston, 1902. Wall map, mounted on cartographic linen; original roller on bottom, lacking top roller. Machine-printed map. 99.0 x 110.0 cm. (39 x 43-3/8 inches). Boundaries and waterways machine colored. Scale: 1 inch = 18 miles. Inset of the Lower Rio Grande Valley at lower right. Table of distances. Some cracks, splits, and old tape repairs (mainly confined to top of map), waterstain at right blank margin, overall in very good condition for this fragile format map.
Locates 89 steam railroads in Texas, Oklahoma, and
Indian Territory; index at lower left locates and gives
population of counties and county seats according to the
198. [MAP: UNITED STATES]. UNITED STATES. DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR & GENERAL LAND OFFICE. United States including Territories and Insular Possessions Showing the Extent of Public Surveys, National Parks and Monuments, Indian, Military, Bird and Game Reservations, National Forests, Railroads, Canals, and other Details. Washington, 1934. Machine-engraved map. Wall map mounted on cartographic linen with wooden rollers. 152.0 x 210.7 cm. (59-7/8 x 83 inches). Boundaries, national parks, reservations, and territorial expansion machine colored. 1 inch = 37 miles. Except for a few holes in the insets of Samoa and Puerto Rico and a few minor tears, a very good copy of a fragile, oversize map.
Although this map is late, it is an appropriate
ending to the map section of this catalogue. The historical
notes and depiction of both old and new boundaries provide
an overview of the historical geography that eventually
evolved into modern-day Texas and the United States. Some
of the historical boundaries marked are Texas as annexed in
1845 (showing the Emory conformation with the huge
Panhandle), the Gadsden Purchase, the Louisiana Purchase,
the enormous wealth of Western land ceded by Mexico to the
U.S. in 1848, old Oregon Territory, Spanish cession of
Florida in 1819, the original thirteen states, etc.
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