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Auction 6: Lots 190-198

190. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. DUFOUR, A[uguste] H[enri]. Amérique du Nord.... Paris: Paulin & Le Chevalier, 1860. Engraved map. 76.3 x 55.9 cm. (30 x 22 inches). Original coloring (outline, wash, and shading). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 190 miles. Inset of the Aleutian Islands. Major ocean currents and prevailing winds are shown. Two slight tears at top blank margin, otherwise bright and clean.

The feature of this large, beautiful, and delicately colored map that first captures the attention of the viewer is Texas. The U.S. boundaries are those subsequent to the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo but prior to the Gadsden Purchase. The map appeared in at least two atlases; above the neat line is printed Atlas Universel Pl. 37 and Géographie moderne Pl. 28. Phillips, America, p. 608. Not in Wheat, Transmississippi West, although his entry 415 describes an 1836 incarnation in slightly smaller format.
($250-450) $287.50

Virtually Unknown Pocket Map

191. [MAP: NORTH AMERICA]. COLTON, J. H. Colton's Map of the United States, Mexico, the West Indies &c. New York, 1861. Pocket map. Engraved map on onionskin paper. 86.4 x 94.5 cm. (33-1/4 x 37-3/16 inches), folded into original 12mo blind-stamped, gilt-lettered brown cloth covers. Original full, bright coloring with boundaries in crimson outline. Scale not stated. Two insets: Colton's Map of the Americas, Africa, and a Portion of Europe; table of distances. Numerous ships. Intricate grape vine border. Covers separated at spine, except for numerous clean tears at folds of map (no losses, and easily repairable) the map is exceptionally fine with very vibrant coloring.

The Colton family, whose enterprise was based in New York, were prolific producers of maps and atlases during the nineteenth century. The present pocket map is a dazzling production, though virtually unknown. The map shows both existing and proposed railroad routes, tracings of explorers routes, etc. Oddities include a horizontal boundary between New Mexico and Arizona. Phillips, America, p. 909. Not in Wheat.
($1,000-1,500) $1,955.00

192. [MAP: UNITED STATES]. COLTON, G. W. & C. B. General Map of the Atlantic & Pacific R.R. showing Connections & Comparative Profiles. New York: Colton, 1867. Engraved map on onionskin paper. 27.5 x 31.8 cm. (10-3/4 x 12-1/2 inches). Original full coloring. Scale not stated. Below are profiles of the U.S. from St. Louis to the California plateau on the Pacific and from Boston to Mt. St. Helens. Ornate floral border. Some browning at lower right, otherwise fine, in acid-free double mat and natural oak frame.

First edition. Not in Wheat, Modelski, Phillips, etc. This excellent map shows the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad extending from Ft. Smith and St. Louis to the West Coast. Existing railroads "back east" as well as around Houston, Texas, are also indicated. Perhaps the most interesting feature of the map is the profile of the continent showing the elevations from the Pacific to the Atlantic.
($400-600) $460.00

"The largest, finest and most detailed map of the West as it was then known"—O'Brien

193. [MAP: UNITED STATES]. KEELER, William J. National Map of the Territory of the United States from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean. Washington, 1867. Large lithographic map, mounted on cartographic linen. 121.0 x 146.5 cm. (47-5/8 x 57-5/8 inches), folded into original 4to brown gilt-lettered cloth covers. Original full coloring. Scale: 1 inch = 36 miles. Cover title: Keeler's Map of the U.S. Territories Pacific R.R. Routes Mineral Lands and Indian Reservations. 1867. Fine, presentation copy to Representative J. F. Farnsworth from A. G. Taylor, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Privately printed and quite rare.

First issue (presentation copies constitute the first issue of this map). Graff 2281. Howes K22. Martin & Martin 47: "In 1867, seeking to take advantage of public interest in all aspects of the West, but particularly the railroad routes, William J. Keeler, an engineer working in the Indian Bureau, published a large, attractive map of the entire country west of the Mississippi.... As a product no doubt of Keeler's own employment with the Indian Bureau, the various Indian reservations were clearly shown and identified by a color scheme, an early use of this thematic device." O'Brien 646: "The largest, finest and most detailed map of the West as it was then known. Showing all surveyed regions, all exploratory and overland travel routes, forts, Indians, Indian land cessions and reservations, projected railway routes, and all known deposits of mines of gold, silver, copper, quicksilver, iron, and coal. A rare and exceedingly important map." Phillips, America, p. 916. Wheat, Transmississippi West 1170 & p. 211: "A complete Railroad Map, the only one published which shows the whole of the great Pacific Railroad routes and their projections and branches, together with all other railroads in the States and Territories bordering the Mississippi on both sides."
($2,000-3,000) $2,300.00

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A Late, but Rare, Pocket Guide Map to Texas

194. [MAP: TEXAS]. BLANCHARD, Rufus. Blanchard's Guide Map of Texas. Chicago, 1876. Pocket map and accompanying text (3 pp. accordion folded sheet of county census figures). Lithographic map. 40.8 x 51.2 cm. (16-1/16 x 20-1/8 inches), folded into 16mo printed stiff paper wrappers. Original full coloring. Inset: Map of the Rio Grande River to the Western Limits of Texas. Clean splits at folds of map, otherwise very fine; the fragile printed wrappers are exceptionally well preserved.

Texas is evolving into its modern form in the eastern half, but the western half is still largely blank. Shows existing and proposed railroads. This is a rare production from Blanchard, whose focus was more normally the mid-West, see Howes B508-B510. Not in Day, Taliaferro, Phillips, etc.
($1,500-2,500) $3,910.00

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195. [MAP: TEXAS]. GRAY, Frank A. Gray's New Map of Texas and the Indian Territory. Philadelphia, 1876. Lithographed map. 41.3 x 67.8 cm. (16-1/4 x 26-11/16 inches). Original full coloring with vibrant rose outlining. Scale: 1 inch = 45 miles. Insets of river systems, land elevations, Galveston, Galveston Bay, Matagorda Bay, Austin, and Southern Texas. Penciled "X"s on map marking 14 towns on rail routes. Fine.

After centuries of cartographic development, the Gray map, like the Colton-De Cordova map of Texas (see item 187 herein), represents the distillation of all that went before and what has come to be known as Texas. Prominently shows completed and proposed railroads in Texas. Particularly interesting are the insets of the Texas river systems and land elevations. Naturally, we are attracted to the rather pleasant street map of Austin at the lower left Drawn from Surveys by Reuben W. Ford. Plate 95 from O. W. Gray & Son's National Atlas (Philadelphia, 1876). Phillips, Atlases 878, 1394.
($150-300) $287.50

196. [MAP: TEXAS]. RAND, MCNALLY & CO. Rand, McNally & Co.'s Texas. Chicago, 1895. Pocket map and accompanying text (Rand, McNally & Co.'s Indexed County and Railroad Pocket Map and Shippers' Guide of Texas.... Chicago & New York, n.d. 86 [6, ads] pp.). Cerographed map. 48.1 x 65.0 cm. (18-15/16 x 25-5/8 inches), folded into original 16mo brown stiff printed wrappers. Boundaries, waterways and railroads machine colored. Scale: 1 inch = approximately 35 miles. Inset printed in red lists about fifty railroad lines keyed by number to the map. Rio Grande Valley appears as an inset. Chief cities along left margin. Fragile printed wrappers lightly chipped, lower wrap (with map) detached, the map fine.

The cerographic technique marks the transition between maps meant to be saved and used over a period of time and modern "disposable" mass-produced maps. Ironically, it is probably easier to acquire Münster's sixteenth-century map of the New World than it is to find a copy of this diminutive pocket map and guide. "The era of railroad transportation and western migration created a great demand for Rand, McNally's maps and guidebooks; these same forces, however, rendered the product virtually obsolete overnight. The number of copies required also strained the limits of the traditional methods of producing such items. In short, there was a great demand for large numbers of accurate, inexpensive, up-to-date maps and guidebooks. To fill this demand it was necessary for Rand, McNally to adopt a new printing technology, cerography or wax engraving, which produced a hard, durable plate that could be used in the new steam-powered presses, but which could also be easily corrected and amended. The adoption and perfection of the wax-engraving process as a production technique had enormous influence on the growth of Rand, McNally....

"Rand, McNally's guidebooks developed into a number of other products designed to serve the same market, including a series of County and Railroad Pocket Maps and Shippers' Guides for the several states. These works focused on the railroad lines linking towns and settlements in the developing West and became an important mainstay in the commerce of the region. They were constantly revised and updated.... The maps were accompanied by a Shippers' Guide, which included an index to the maps in which the towns were located, as well as listings of train schedules and connections and prevailing rates. When examined in a series, these Rand, McNally maps reveal the westward march of settlement" (Martin & Martin 49n, describing an 1887 railroad map).
($500-600) $632.50

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197. [MAP: TEXAS]. NATIONAL PUBLISHING COMPANY. National Publishing Company's New Railroad, Post Office & County Map of Texas Oklahoma & Indian Territory.... Boston, 1902. Wall map, mounted on cartographic linen; original roller on bottom, lacking top roller. Machine-printed map. 99.0 x 110.0 cm. (39 x 43-3/8 inches). Boundaries and waterways machine colored. Scale: 1 inch = 18 miles. Inset of the Lower Rio Grande Valley at lower right. Table of distances. Some cracks, splits, and old tape repairs (mainly confined to top of map), waterstain at right blank margin, overall in very good condition for this fragile format map.

Locates 89 steam railroads in Texas, Oklahoma, and Indian Territory; index at lower left locates and gives population of counties and county seats according to the 1900 census.
($250-500) $402.50

198. [MAP: UNITED STATES]. UNITED STATES. DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR & GENERAL LAND OFFICE. United States including Territories and Insular Possessions Showing the Extent of Public Surveys, National Parks and Monuments, Indian, Military, Bird and Game Reservations, National Forests, Railroads, Canals, and other Details. Washington, 1934. Machine-engraved map. Wall map mounted on cartographic linen with wooden rollers. 152.0 x 210.7 cm. (59-7/8 x 83 inches). Boundaries, national parks, reservations, and territorial expansion machine colored. 1 inch = 37 miles. Except for a few holes in the insets of Samoa and Puerto Rico and a few minor tears, a very good copy of a fragile, oversize map.

Although this map is late, it is an appropriate ending to the map section of this catalogue. The historical notes and depiction of both old and new boundaries provide an overview of the historical geography that eventually evolved into modern-day Texas and the United States. Some of the historical boundaries marked are Texas as annexed in 1845 (showing the Emory conformation with the huge Panhandle), the Gadsden Purchase, the Louisiana Purchase, the enormous wealth of Western land ceded by Mexico to the U.S. in 1848, old Oregon Territory, Spanish cession of Florida in 1819, the original thirteen states, etc.
($40-80) $92.00

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