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Auction 6: Lots 61-70

Montana Ephemera, with an Early Montana Imprint

Item 65 - detail

65. [MONTANA TERRITORY]. Collection of 7 claim registry certificates and mining stock certificates for Montana gold mining (one school stock certificate). V.p., 1864-84. All fine to very fine. The collection includes:

Beaver Head County. Recorders Office, Bannack City. [Oct 12th] 1864. I hereby certify, that [L. A. Darling] has recorded Claim No. ([8]) [Southerly] from Discovery.... [Bannack, Montana Territory]: F. M. Thompson, 1864. Claim registration certificate completed in manuscript. Very fine copy of an uncommon Western imprint, from the second year of printing in Montana Territory. "In all probability, the first printing press to come into Montana was brought to Bannack in the spring of 1863 by Francis M. Thompson, but we lack evidence that any printing was done on it before February, 1864, when an issue of the East Bannack News Letter is known to have been printed" (McMurtrie, Montana Imprints 1864-1880, p. 10).

Montana Territory, Beaver Head County. I hereby certify that [Sidney Edgerton & Wm Sanders] is the owner of [Two Hundred] feet in length on the [Jefferson] lead.... [Utah]: Vedette, [1864]. Claim registration certificate completed in manuscript. Printed in blue. Vignettes of Indian with rifle at top center, hydraulic mining operation at left.

MONTANA MINERAL LAND & MINING COMPANY. Ornate lithographed stock certificate, completed in manuscript, with revenue stamp. New York: Henry Seibert, 1866.

Plus 4 others.

($150-300) $690.00

Unique Republic Business Records of Texas' First Millionaire

66. [NACOGDOCHES, TEXAS]. Manuscript account book of a Republic of Texas mercantile establishment. [Nacogdoches, 1838-1844]. Approximately 330 pp. Tall, narrow folio, disbound. Pages wanting at beginning and end, outer leaves chipped and torn, occasional excisions. Business history records from the Republic era are uncommon in the market.

A unique record of business in an important hub city of early Texas. The journal, written in a legible hand, recounts the mercantile transactions and business exchanges of a Nacogdoches general store. The account book appears to be related to the businesses of Frost Thorn (New Handbook VI:478), said to have been the first Texas millionaire. In addition to operating a Nacogdoches general store in partnership with Hayden Edwards, Thorn had many other business interests, including a bank, a salt mine, and a lumber business. Hayden Edwards also figures prominently in the ledger. Notable Texans with accounts in the ledger include: Warren A. Ferris (New Handbook II:987-88), surveyor of Nacogdoches County, who surveyed parts of present-day Dallas, Kaufman, Hunt, Van Zandt, Collin, Denton, and Henderson counties (he bought paper by the quire and silk handkerchiefs); Lewis (or Louis) Rose (New Handbook V:677), the Alamo survivor who left before the final stand (he bought tobacco, beer, etc); William Goyens (New Handbook III:269), mulatto Nacogdoches businessman and entrepreneur, who was trusted by Indians, Mexicans, Blacks, and Anglos alike and served as an important treaty negotiator with Cherokees and Comanches; John Snively (New Handbook V:1126-27), military officer, paymaster and quartermaster of the Republic, who organized and led the unsuccessful Snively expedition of 1843; Robert Irion (New Handbook III:868-69), physician, surveyor, and secretary of state of the Republic under Sam Houston. Also represented are members of the Durst and Rusk families, James Starr, John Forbes, Col. P. E. Bean, Radford Berry, etc. Sam Houston has one transaction, but he is not a regular customer. A few women are represented, trading cotton, eggs, and butter against their accounts. Sales to Indian agents, quartermasters, and the Red River Expedition (which returned most of the "ear wheels" it purchased) are recorded. The pages of "F. Thorn & Co." recount fairly large financial transactions, not limited to purchases of and payments for general dry goods. A unique look at early Texas and a source of endless research into daily life, material culture, and business of the time.

Tejano Signer

67. NAVARRO, José Antonio (1795-1871). Manuscript orders, signed by Navarro and Ignacio Chavez, to the Sheriff of Bexar County, commanding that prisoners Isaac Allen and David Ives, accused of stealing, be put in irons and placed under guard in prison. "República de Texas, Condado de Béxar," October 15, 1837. 1 p., 12mo. Very fine.

Navarro (New Handbook IV:954-55), a leading Texas patriot, was one of only three Mexican signers of the Texas Declaration of Independence. The other two Mexican Signers were Lorenzo de Zavala (a Yucatecan) and José Francisco Ruiz (like Navarro, born in San Antonio). So perhaps we should say that Navarro was one of two Tejano Signers. A native of San Antonio de Béxar, Navarro supported the Gutiérrez-Magee expedition in 1812-13 and as a result was forced to seek refuge in the United States, returning in 1816. During the Republic period Navarro served Béxar in the Texas Congress, where he was a strong supporter of Tejano rights. He accompanied the ill-fated Texan-Santa Fé Expedition as a commissioner and was imprisoned by the Mexicans for fourteen months in Veracruz. A staunch supporter of annexation, he was the sole Tejano delegate to the Convention of 1845 and also helped author the Constitution of 1845.
($450-650) $862.50

Click for image

1838 Guidebook to Texas with Map

Item 68

68. NEWELL, Chester. History of the Revolution in Texas, Particularly of the War of 1835 & '36; Together with the Latest Geographical, Topographical, and Statistical Accounts of the Country.... New York: Wiley & Putnam, 1838. x [2] 215 pp., lithographic folding map of Texas by Baker. 12mo, original dark olive green floral cloth. Spinal extremities neatly reinforced with matching cloth, some edge and corner wear, later endpapers, internally fine. The map (often lacking) bound in upside down, minor splitting along exterior fold, three tiny voids (loss of only two letters).

First edition, with dedication leaf on page [iii] and the map undated, points which Streeter recognizes without establishing any priority of issue. Basic Texas Books 151A: "One of the earliest books published about Texas after it became a Republic.... The quotations from participants are of considerable value. The descriptive portions add much to our knowledge of the early Republic.... The account is pro-Texan throughout, but more objective than many other contemporary Anglo-American versions.... Newell describes the towns of the Republic, offers advice to immigrants, analyzes the people of Texas, and projects the future. His predictions, some sage and some ludicrous, are remarkable." Clark, Old South III:215. Graff 3010. Howes N115. Raines, p. 154. Streeter 1318: "Newell was a minister of the Gospel who came to Texas in the early spring of 1837 seeking his health, and decided while there to write a history of the Texas Revolution to defray his expenses." See New Handbook IV:991.
($2,000-3,000) $3,450.00

Archive on Elisabet Ney

One of the First Professional Sculptors in Texas & an Ardent Feminist

Item 65

69. NEY, Elisabet (1833-1907). Archive of 65 manuscripts, letters, typescripts, and printed materials written by and about the noted sculptress. Texas, Germany, etc., 1894-1924. Approximately 329 pages, various sizes. Very good to very fine. Original autograph material by Ney rarely appears on the market.

"As the first eminent sculptor of Texas, Miss Ney is a significant figure in the state's artistic development" (Handbook II:128). See also Notable American Women (II, pp. 623-25). Perhaps the greatest monument to Ney's Texas period are her sculpted statues of Stephen F. Austin and Sam Houston, now in the State Capitol (copies of these statues are also in the United States Capitol). A native of Germany, Ney achieved recognition in Europe for her classic portraits of luminaries such as Alexander von Humboldt, Arthur Schopenhauer, Giuseppi Garibaldi, and King Ludwig II of Bavaria. She left Europe for America in the early 1870s, settling in Texas in 1872, and finally Austin in the 1880s. An ardent feminist possessed of incredible strength, bravery, and genius, Ney ennobled the Texas frontier with her incredible art and the active role she assumed in artistic, civic, and intellectual activities in Austin. Her studio in Hyde Park is one of the City's landmarks.

This extremely important archive contains Ney's holographic copy book kept during her trip to Germany in the 1890s; contracts for major sculptural works; lectures on art and aesthetics; supplementary material on Ney's life by her only student, Nannie Huddle; 25 newspaper clippings (1899-1965). Included in the archive are the following:

Seven letters from Texas Governor Joseph D. Sayers from the late 1890s and early 1900s to Elisabet Ney relating to her commissions for the State of Texas, particularly the statue of Albert Sydney Johnston at the State Cemetery.

Several signed contracts, including the statue of Stephen F. Austin in the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C., memorial to Dr. Iglehard (one version entirely in Ney's hand), five instruments for the monument to Albert Sydney Johnston, etc.

Holographic notebook (31 pp.) entirely in Ney's hand (mostly in German with some entries in English), with dated entries from August 4 to September 9, 1896, written from Germany, London, at sea aboard the ship California, and Gulf of Mexico. Mostly drafts of Ney's letters written during the return from her 1895-96 trip to Germany.

Manuscripts and typescript copies of Ney's lectures, including "The Mission of Art" (two versions, one with manuscript corrections in Ney's hand and another 16-page version entirely in Ney's hand); proposal for an artistic academy in Hyde Park:

No more suitable site could be desired than Hyde Park: Hyde Park with its wide expanse of open air & cool breezes, with its fine view of the distant blue hills, behind which the sun is seen to sink, leaving the impress of its glory streaked in fiery hues over the darkening skies; where the magnificent dome of our capital and the towering gables of the university remind the beholder of the intimate relation all branches of human culture bear to one another; within its limits no saloon will ever disturb the serenity of its rural quietude, nor vitiate the tone of its social life; far from the noisy traffic and hustle of the streets the mind can peacefully concentrate itself upon the task; of working towards fulfillment of its higher aspirations.

Glowing letters of recommendation about Ney, including letter to Rudolf Steiner, United States Consul in Munich from E. Ostiller of the Münchener Kúnstler-Genossenschaft ("I beg to inform you, that, during her stay at Munich, she was known as an extraordinarily talented artist-sculptor already...."); another to Nannie Huddle from Steiner (praising her "exceptional talents" and stating: "Her statue of Ludwig II occupies as prominent a position as can be found in the Glass Palace"; letter to John E. Parsons of New York from A. W. Terrell requesting that Parsons make suggestions for placing Elisabet Ney's statue of Lady Macbeth in New York ("where it may receive such recognition as it may deserve"). Inventory available upon request.

($4,000-8,000) $4,600.00

Ney's Elegant Bust Portrait Medallion of her Patroness

70. NEY, Elisabet (1833-1907). Plaster circular medallion with bas-relief bust portrait of Ella Dancy Dibrell. 21.8 cm. (8-11/16 inches) in diameter; 2 cm. (7/8 inch) thick. Signed with incised letters on rim: "Elisabet Ney Sc. Seguin Tex. 1900." Fine, in contemporary round gilt frame.

A graceful sculptural portrait, displaying the artist’s delicate, yet strong and realistic style. Ella Dancy Dibrell, the subject of this beautiful portrait, was from Austin and a close friend of Elisabet Ney. At about the time this portrait was created, Ella married Joseph Burton Dibrell, later Texas State Senator from Seguin and associate justice of the Texas Supreme Court. Aided by the efforts of Ella and Senator Dibrell, the Texas legislature voted appropriations of $26,500 to Ney for statues of Houston and Austin for the State Capitol. Shortly after Elisabet Ney's death in 1907, the Dibrells became actively interested in preserving her studio in Hyde Park. When Ney's husband, Edmund Montgomery, was forced to sell the property, Ella Dibrell purchased it to prevent its being razed or used for commercial purposes. For many years the Dibrells maintained the Ney studio as a shrine to their artist friend. Subsequently their children donated the property to the Texas Fine Arts Association, which Ella Dibrell founded in 1911 in honor of Ney, to promote art activity throughout the State (New Handbook VI:333).

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