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Auction 8, Cartography
(Globes, Atlases, & Maps)


[Note: Items are arranged chronologically within each section of the cartographic materials.]


139. [GLOBES: TERRESTRIAL & CELESTIAL]. Pair of globes: EDKINS, S. S. & Son. * [Terrestrial globe labeled]: The New Twelve Inch British Terrestrial Globe Representing the Accurate Positions of the Principal Known Places of the Earth from the Discoveries of Captain Cook and Subsequent Circumnavigators to the Present Period. Manufactured by S. S. Edkins the Son in Law & Successor to the Late T. M. Bardin Salisbury Square, London.... * [Celestial globe labeled]: The New Twelve Inch British Celestial Globe Containing the Exact Positions of More Than 3800 Fix'd Stars, Nebulae, Planetary Nebulae &c. According to the Latest Discoveries and Observations of Dr. Mathelene, Dr. Herschel and Other Eminent Astronomers and Corrected to the Present Period. Made by S. S. Edkins Son in Law to the Late T. M. Bardin. Salisbury Square, London. London, ca. 1823. Each globe is 12 inches in diameter and 18 inches in overall height. Globes covered with engraved and colored paper gores, mounted on original wooden four-legged stand with baluster legs with cross stretcher, brass meridian, wooden horizon rings with paper zodiac. Overall light moderate craquelure. All gores are intact with the exception of a small (approximately one-fourth by one-eighth inch square) rectangular piece of the terrestrial globe (northern Bering Straits). Some of the varnish has been rubbed off, but the gores underneath have not been affected. One diagonal crack and gouge on celestial globe horizon ring. The horizon ring clamp on the celestial globe is an expertly crafted facsimile.
        Elly Dekker and Peter van der Krogt, Edkins in Globes from the Western World (London: Zwemmer, 1993): "Obviously, by 1812 the cartographic value of globes had come to the fore again and, seen from that perspective, Keith judged the 'New British Globes' made by Bardin and those globes made by Cary as the best, the plates of all others being outdated. The globes mentioned here stood at the beginning of a new period in British globe making, of which, with the exception of the Bardin firm, relatively little is known. As recent research by John Millburn has shown, the globes made by them are in a way a continuation of the branch of globe making that began with Senex, and was carried on by Ferguson and Martin. In 1782 the assistant of the latter, Gabriel Wright (d. 1803/4), who for eighteen years worked in Martin's shop and presumably made the 'Martin' globes, designed a completely new pair of globes in collaboration with William Bardin (c. 1740-98). These globes, 'made and sold by W. Bardin,' were also sold by other instrument makers. To quote Millburn: 'names such as Adams, Dollond, Hurter, Souter and especially W. & S. Jones, are found on what are basically Bardin globes.' Of the makers and retailers mentioned, the firm of William (1763-1831) and Samuel Jones (active 1810) was instrumental in the publication of a new series of globes by the Bardin firm. These 'New British Globes', with diameters of 12 and 18 inches, appeared from 1798 until far into the nineteenth century, the later editions carrying various names: Bardin & Son, W. and T. M. Bardin, and later still, S. S. Edkins, son-in-law to T. M. Bardin." ($20,000-40,000)


140. [GLOBE]. LORING, Josiah. [Terrestrial globe labeled]: Loring's Terrestrial Globe Containing all the Late Discoveries and Geographical Improvements, also the Tracks of the Most Celebrated Circumnavigators. Compiled from Smith's New English Globe, With Additions and Improvements by Annin & Smith. Boston Joseph Loring 136 Washington St. 1844. Boston, 1844. Globe's sphere measures 12 inches diameter; 17-1/2 inches overall height. Globe covered with engraved and colored paper gores. Full mount four-legged maple stand with mahogany horizon ring, maple stretchers. Very good condition.
        On this handsome globe Texas is outlined dramatically as a separate Republic. The high quality of Josiah Loring’s Boston globes won him many awards and high praise. During the eighteenth century, most globes in America were imported from England, and Loring was among the earliest pioneers in the commercial manufacture of globes in the U.S. In the 1830s Loring’s globes were awarded medals and honors at the Franklin Institute, the American Institute, and the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association; the judges of the latter association commented on Loring’s work:

The resolution with which the indefatigable maker of these globes has persevered, at very great expense, and with little expectation of ever being adequately remunerated, till he has overcome the many and serious difficulties in the way, in introducing a new branch of manufactures, and has brought every part of the work to a high degree of perfection, deserves unqualified praise.



141. [GLOBE]. LORING, Josiah. [Terrestrial globe labeled]: Loring's Terrestrial Globe Containing all the Late Discoveries and Geographical Improvements, also the Tracks of the Most Celebrated Circumnavigators. Compiled from Smith's New English Globe, With Additions and Improvements by Annin & Smith. Revised by G. W. Boynton Manufactured by Gilman Joslin. Boston, 1860. Globe sphere measures 12 inches diameter; 17-1/2 inches overall height. Globe covered with engraved and colored paper gores, mounted on original four-legged wooden stand, brass meridian, horizon ring. Absolutely beautiful condition, with rich, amber patina. One of the best preserved globes of the era that we have seen.
        Another of the fine Loring globes. ($10,000-20,000)



142. [ATLAS]. BERTIUS, Petrus. Tabvlarvm geographicarvm contractarvm libri quinque....Editio Secvnda. Amsterdam: Cornelium Nicolai, 1602. [16] 679 [9] pp., 175 copper-engraved maps. Oblong 8vo, new vellum done up in old style. with flaps and strap stitching. Occasional mild staining and wear, but generally a very good to fine, complete copy of this miniature atlas. The maps are excellent.
        This little gem is a lovely example of early seventeenth century Dutch cartographic art. Within it are seventeen maps relating to America and the Southwest, including a world map (Typus Orbis Terrarum), America (Descriptio Americæ), New Spain (Descriptio Novaæ Hispanæ), Brazil, Cuba, etc. The map of New Spain showing the Gulf of Mexico is especially fine (see Burden's The Mapping of North America 114 & Plate 114 for a sequence on this plate suggesting that it may have originated with Jode in 1593). Consult Burden 92 for the sequence on the map of America, which first appeared in 1596 in a Dutch translation of Las Casas' Brevisima Relación. See Shirley (211n) for the sequence on the world map. The world maps and the map of America have beautiful strapwork in the corners, and many of the maps exhibit the liveliness and whimsy of the engraver's art, with ships, sea monsters, animals, mythical creatures, etc. What pure joy to find a complete pocket-size atlas from this era filled with so many charming and historic maps. Wouldn't it be lovely to make a condition of sale that the successful bidder could never break it? BMC II:1148. Koeman, Atlantes Neerlandici, Lan 5. Phillips 414. ($7,500-15,000)


143. [ATLAS]. BRADFORD, T. G. An Illustrated Atlas, Geographical, Statistical, and Historical, of the United States, and the Adjacent Countries. Boston: Weeks, Jordon [1838]. [4] 170 pp., engraved pictorial title with hand-colored vignettes (portraits of a Native American and George Washington, Capitol at Washington, flora and fauna of the United States), 40 maps and plans with original outline coloring, including double-page page of the United States, the map of North America, and the map of the Republic of Texas. Small folio, contemporary three-quarter brown leather over dark brown ribbed cloth (sympathetically rebacked (original spine retained and restored). Binding worn at edges and corners, usual offsetting to text from maps. Very good to fine, the maps very fine.
        First edition of Bradford's large format atlas. Howes B701. Martin & Martin 31n: "Although Thomas Gamaliel Bradford was not a leading figure in the nineteenth century American map trade, his atlases are significant to the cartographic history of Texas because they included the first two maps to depict Texas as an independent republic [see 167 & 170 herein].... Bradford published a completely new atlas in 1838, in a larger format, and the map of Texas it contained was even more clearly patterned on Austin's. Aside from showing Texas as a separate state, the maps and text Bradford inserted into his atlases are historically important for clearly demonstrating the demand in the United States for information about Texas during the Revolution and the early years of the Republic. They also serve to confirm the importance Austin's map as a source for that information." Phillips, Atlases 1381n. Wheat, Transmississippi West 430 & 431 & II, p. 165: "The Bradford maps of 1838 are chiefly of interest for their showing of the little that was known of the West generally." ($5,500-7,500)



144. [HONDIUS, Henricus/JANSSON, Joannes]. America Septentrionalis. [Amsterdam: Henricus Hondius, 1636]. Copper-engraved map. 18-1/4 x 21 13/16 inches. Title cartouche at upper left flanked by standing Native Americans. Smaller blank cartouche at lower left with mermaids and globe above; ships and sea monsters; charming vignettes of animals scattered over the interior. Very strong impression, crisp. Professionally stabilized (laid down on acid-free tissue, small portion of lower margin provided in excellent facsimile. Rare.
        First issue (cartouche at lower left lacking any imprint) of the sixth printed map to copy Briggs' 1625 map showing California as an island. Burden 245: "Henricus Hondius' beautifully engraved map of North America had greater influence than any other to date in perpetrating the theory of California as an island. This was because it was disseminated through the medium of his powerful Dutch publishing house. None of the earlier California as an island maps had reached such a wide audience." Koeman II:397 (82). Leighly 13 (Plate V). McLaughlin, California as an Island 6. Martin & Martin 8: "This depiction of the continent indicated the best that was the period prior to Sanson." Tooley, California as an Island 6 (Plate 28). Wagner, CNW 314. Wheat, Transmississippi West 45n & p. 38 (citing the later 1640 state): "A beautiful map...magnificently executed." Much of the western geography is imaginary, but the map has always been much sought for its beauty and its fine depiction of California as an island. ($2,000-4,000)


145. KEULEN, Johannes van. Pas Kaart van West Indien Behelsende soo Deszelffs Vaste Kusten als d'Onder behoorende Eylanden aan de Noord Oçeaan door Vooght Geometra. Amsterdam, [ca. 1680]. Copper-engraved map. 20-1/4 x 22-3/4 inches. Elaborate cartouche at upper right (natives cutting sugar, held in loaves by a female figure, and eaten in confection by putti); rhumb lines; ship sailing by Bermuda; small compass rose. One tiny hole, else a fine copy of one of the most elegant renderings of the Gulf of Mexico and the Texas coast.
        First state (without the number 1 added). As is often the case with Dutch charts, west is at the top of the map, making the orientation unusual and interesting (the American coasts, Newfoundland to the Equator, are shown, north at the right and the Bahamas at center). Van Keulen's grand sea atlas appeared serially between 1681 and 1684. Because of its superiority to anything else then available, the atlas was reissued repeatedly, with minor revisions. Koeman IV:394 (116); see also Koeman's history of the firm of Van Keulen, The Sea on Paper 44. Lowery 237.
        Martin & Martin 11: "The culmination in the development of Dutch pilot books was reached with the publication of De Nieuwwe Groote lichtrende Zee-Fakkel by Johannes van Keulen in 1681. Van Keulen, a bookseller specializing in the nautical trade, retained the well-known geographer and mathematician Claes Jansz. Vooght, who compiled the charts for his publication, which was issued serially in five parts, the last in 1683. The work...enjoyed a considerable reputation for accuracy and detail.... It represented the most sophisticated rendering of the coast then available.... It is no exaggeration to say that the house of Van Keulen, active without break from 1678 to 1885, was the largest non-governmental hydrographic office in the world." ($2,600-3,600)


146. MORDEN, R[obert]. New Mexico vel New Granata et Marata et California. [London, 1688]. Engraved map set within leaf of text. Map measures 4-1/4 x 5 inches. Petite title cartouche at upper right; inset with key to place names at lower right; small compass rose. Fine.
        First state (p. 585 at top right). Leighly 82. McLaughlin, California as an Island 98 (State 1). Tooley, California as an Island 48: "A curious small map showing California as an island on the second Sanson model but with two new names in the southern tip: C de la Trinidad and B California. It is also of interest as showing Santa Fe on East bank of the Rio del Norte which continuing debouches into the Gulf of Mexico, where most contemporary maps show it flowing into the Gulf of California." ($500-1,000)


147. DELISLE, Guillaume. L'Amérique Septentrionale.... Paris: Chéz l'Autheur Rue des Canettes préz de St. Suplice avec Privilege du Roy, 1700. Engraved map with original outline coloring. 17-7/8 x 23-11/16 inches. Large pictorial cartouche at upper right with Neptune, river gods, dolphin, seashell. Scale and advertisement within ornamental frames at upper left. Very fine, excellent impression with generous margins.
        "A foundation map...and the first to revert to a peninsular form of California" (Tooley, "French Mapping of the Americas" in The Mapping of America, p. 19. The present copy exhibits the first state points long accepted by cartobibliographers (cartouche with cartographer's title "Geographe" and address "Rue de Canettes"). An article in the Map Collector (Issue 26, pp. 2-6, March 1984) by Schwartz & Taliaferro brought to light the existence of one known copy (in Austria) of an earlier state in which the mouth of the Mississippi River is shown in Texas, rather than as on the present copy, in Louisiana slightly west of longitude 280º. No further copies of the map in earlier state have surfaced, and Philip Burden has referred the earliest state as virtually a proof.
        Lowery 247. Taliaferro 93n (citing a later issue): "De l'Isle was the most illustrious and privileged French cartographer during the age when that nation's explorers led all others in contributing to the geographical knowledge of North America. As a result, all of his maps of America were innovative and influential.... Texas geography begins to assume a comprehensible form for the first time." Tooley, "California as an Island" in The Mapping of America, p. 111: "California was almost invariably depicted as an island till well into the eighteenth century. One of the first to correct the misconception was Guillaume de Lisle.... This great French geographer was among the first to discard theoretical geography. Where real knowledge ceased, De Lisle had the courage to stop and was content to leave a blank in his map"; "The Mapping of the Great Lakes" in The Mapping of America, p. 315: "Important and essential for any Great Lakes collection." Wagner, CNW 459 & pp. 140-42. Wheat, Transmississippi West I:79 & pp. 45-46. See Martin & Martin's comments on Delisle (Plate 14). ($4,000-6,000)


148. DE FER, Nicolas. Les Costes aux environs de la Riviere de Misisipi.... [Paris], 1701. Engraved map. 8-1/2 x 13-1/8 inches. Contemporary outline coloring and shading. Engraved ornamental pictorial cartouche depicting the death of La Salle in Texas in 1687. Two stains to upper and lower blank margins (not affecting text or border), otherwise fine.
        First printing (dated 1701). The map appeared in De Fer's L'Atlas curieux (Paris, 1705). Day, pp. 4-5. Lowery 251n. Martin & Martin 13 & Color Plate 11: "The primary purpose [of De Fer's map] was clearly to show the progress the French were making in exploring their vast claim in North America, particularly in the explorations of La Salle and those of Pierre le Moyne, Sieur d'Iberville who, along with his brother Jean Baptiste, explored the coastlines of present-day Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida." Phillips, Atlases 532n & 546n. The pictorial cartouche of the disenchanted Pierre Duhaut murdering La Salle east of the Trinity River is one of the earliest printed depictions of any event in Texas. ($600-1,000)


149. MOLL, Hermann. The Isle of California. New Mexico, Louisiane. The River Misisipi and the Lakes of Canada. [London, 1701]. Engraved map set within leaf of text. Map measures 6-3/8 x 7-1/4 inches. Original outline coloring and shading. Fine.
        First printing (with p. 152 at top left) of one of the few maps ever to incorporate the concept of "California as an Island" within its primary title. The map appeared in Moll's System of Geography (1701). Leighly 119 (Plate XVII). McLaughlin, California as an Island 144. Tooley, California as an Island (citing the 1709 issue). Wagner, CNW 487 (citing the 1709 issue). Wheat, Transmississippi West I:81 & pp. 55-56: "A beautiful little map...on which [Moll] crowded a vast amount of information—as well as much misinformation. California appears as an island.... Much of this map is reminiscent of Hennepin, but it contains vastly more detail, and though highly erroneous, geographically speaking, it displays much ingenuity on the part of its maker." ($500-1,500)


150. HOMANN, Johann Baptist. Regni Mexicani seu Novæ Hispaniæ Ludovicianæ, N. Angliæ, Carolinæ, Virginiæ, et Pensylvaniæ.... Nuremberg, [ca. 1712-1730]. Engraved map. 18-7/8 x 22-3/4 inches. Original pastel coloring and outlining. Pictorial cartouche at upper left (Native Americans, one with pipe, the other with bow and arrow; bounty of hunting and fishing to their right); large engraving at right (Native Americans and Europeans with treasure chest and mining gold); large sailing ship and sea battle at lower left. Professionally backed with acid-free tissue, trimmed to outer border (no losses).
        First state (without the privilege notice in cartouche) of Homann's very decorative version of Delisle's Carte du Mexique et de la Floride (1703), the first printed map to portray accurately the course and mouth of the Mississippi River. Delisle's delineation was the first to pull together several centuries of disconnected geographical knowledge and present an accurate view of the region. Homann's map first appeared in his Neuer Atlas (1712-1730). Cumming 137n. Lowery 473n (providing issue point and citing the source). Martin & Martin 14n (Plate 17, illustrating this issue). Phillips, America, p. 406. Taliaferro 148n (second issue). Tooley, "French Mapping of the Americas" (MCS 33) 50. Wagner, CNW 474n. Wheat, Transmississippi West I:84, pp. 58-59n (on Delisle's 1703 map): "Towering landmark along the path of Western cartographic development." ($1,200-2,400)


151. DE FER, Nicolas. Le Golfe de Mexique, et les provinces et isles qui l'environe comme sont la Floride au nord, le Mexique ou Nouvelle Espagne a l'ouest, la Terre Ferme au sud, Les Is. Antilles, Lucayes, St. Domingue et Jamaique a l'est.... Paris: Chez l'Auteur dans l'Isle du Palais sur le Quay de L'Orloge a la Sphère Royal avec Privilege du Roy, 1717. Engraved map. 18 x 23-5/8 inches. Original outline coloring. Small compass rose. Very fine impression, generous margins. Very rare.
        De Fer's elegant understated rendering of Delisle's 1701 Carte des environs du Missisipi (see Jackson, Flags along the Coast, pp. 119-20 & 122-23). Lowery 281. Taliaferro 106: "A general map of the Gulf of Mexico and West Indies, showing a well-formed Mississippi Delta and Gulf Coast and locating La Salle's fort ('Fort de Francois') on Matagorda Bay, Texas ('Baye de St. Louis et de St. Bernard'). Unlike most maps of the period, including Delisle's famous Carte de la Louisiane (1718), De Fer's displays Florida correctly as a peninsula rather than as the broken archipelago introduced by Thomas Nairne in 1711." The working relationship of premier cartographers Delisle and De Fer is not yet fully understood, but both were in the service of the King, had access to official archives, apparently shared and exchanged information, and were also competitors in the business of selling maps. ($3,000-6,000)



152. DE FER, Nicolas. La Californie ou Nouvelle Caroline. Teatro de los trabajos, apostolicos de la Compa. de Jesus en la America, Septe.... Paris, 1720. Engraved map. 18 x 25-7/8 inches. Original outline coloring. Lengthy engraved text giving names and dates of European landings in California set within scroll with vignettes of Native Americans (upper right beneath title); scale within cartouche decorated with birds, armadillo, and sloth (lower left). Neat professional reinforcement on verso at center and one other small spot, else a very fine and crisp copy of one of the largest and most handsome maps of California as an island. Rare.
        First printing of De Fer's enlarged and revised version of his 1705 map of California and New Mexico. Leighly, California as an Island 146 (Plate XXI). McLaughlin, California as an Island 196: "Issued in his Atlas ou recüeil de cartes geographiques (Paris, 1709-[28]). Wagner, CNW 517. Wheat, Transmississippi West 102 & pp. 45-47, 69 & 77. Based on Father Kino's map of 1696, "this fine rare map is a reissue of De Fer's map of 1705 but on a larger scale and with some notable additions" (Tooley, California as an Island 83). The evolution of this grand map is distinguished. Wheat speculates that the prototype for De Fer's 1705 map came from Mexican savant Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora, who had access to Jesuit missionary-explorer-geographer Eusebio Kino's early notes. ($7,000-10,000)


153. MOLL, H. A New Map of the North Parts of America claimed by France under ye names of Louisiana, Mississipi, Canada and New France with ye Adjoyning Territories of England and Spain.... [London], 1720. Engraved map. Four half sheets joined, overall 24-1/4 x 40-3/8 inches. Original outline coloring. Armorial dedicatory cartouche at lower left; title within decorated border; A scale of English miles for longitude at lower right; compass rose. Inset engraved illustration at upper left: The Indian Fort of Sasquesahanock. Inset maps on right: The Harbour of Annapolis Royal; and A Map of ye Mouth of Mississipi and Mobile Rivers &c. Two clean splits at folds, otherwise a fine copy of this very rare, early English rendering of Delisle's 1718 map of the Mississippi Valley.
        Although Moll appears at first to copy Delisle's 1718 Carte de la Louisiane et cours du Mississipi, the present map is, in fact, another English counterblast to French claims in America as reflected in Delisle's map. Cumming (pp. 43-44): "Moll calls upon the English noblemen, gentlemen, and merchants interested in Carolina to note the 'Incroachments' of the French map on their 'Properties' and on the land of their Indian allies. The map presents details of the Southeast found in no other printed map. The chief source of this information is a large, unsigned, undated manuscript map in the Public Record Office, from which Moll took much information on trading paths, Indian tribes, French, Spanish, and English forts and settlements, rivers, and other topographical data." McLaughlin, California as an Island 197: "Shows southern part of California and Gulf of California, which widens at north." Leighly 180.
        Reinhartz, "Herman Moll, Geographer: An Early Eighteenth-Century European View of the American Southwest," pp. 32-33 in Reinhartz & Colley, The Mapping of the American Southwest (see also Fig. 2.5 & p. 81, no source listed): "Moll's mapping of Texas and northern Mexico is both informative and appealing. He was best at coastal geography, depicting with some accuracy the coastal features, barrier islands (e.g., Padre Island), and identified rivers emptying into the Gulf of Mexico. The rivers often continue deep into the interior, where there is less detail, but Moll does indicate various Indian tribes.... But most intriguing are Moll's notations. For example, he mentions several times the Spanish cattle gone wild—the famous Texas longhorns of later years—by noting 'Country full of Beeves' or 'This Country has vast and Beautiful Plains, all level and full of Greens, which afford Pasture to an infinite number of Beeves and other Creatures' in East Texas near the 'R. Salado.' Nearby also is noted, 'Many Nations [of Indians] on ye heads of this Branches [of several rivers] who use Horses and Trade with the French and Spaniards.'" Moll, who cannot restrain expressing his opinions in his maps, restores the English claim to the territory east of the Mississippi and gives back part of Florida to Spain; in the Advertisement text, Moll states: All within the Blew Colour of this Map, shows what is Claim'd by France under the Names of LOUISIANA, MISSISSIPI &c. According to a French Map published at Paris with the French King's Privelege. The Yellow Colour what they allow ye English. The Red, Spain.... ($6,000-10,000)


154. DELISLE, Guillaume/Covens & Mortier. Carte de la Louisiane.... Amsterdam, [ca. 1730]. Engraved map on heavy rag paper. 17-1/2 x 23-1/2 inches. Original outline coloring. Inset map of the mouth of the Mississippi at lower right. Very fine.
        Third issue. The present map is a reissue by Covens & Mortier of Delisle’s epochal prototype 1718 map of the same name. Apparently, Covens & Mortier were working from the second issue of Delisle's map, since New Orleans has been added. Other cartographers published early reduced versions of Delisle's 1718 map, but this Covens & Mortier incarnation is quite different and superior, because it is actually a re-engraved copy of the original issue, thus perhaps constituting what might best be termed a third issue. Every scholar who discusses Delisle's important map of the Mississippi Valley, waxes eloquently. Schwartz & Ehrenberg (Plate 84) sum up the salient points: "Generally regarded as main source of all later maps of the Mississippi. First large-scale map accurately showing lower Mississippi River and surrounding areas.... Also first to reflect accurately the expeditions of Hernando de Soto, Henri de Tonty, and Louis de St. Denis. The first map with the name Texas." See also: Cumming 208 & 170n ("one of the most important mother maps of the North American continent"). Martin & Martin 19. Tooley, "French Mapping of the Americas" in The Mapping of America 45 & 43n.
        Were I fortunate enough to be able to offer my clients a first state of Delisle's 1718 map at this time, I would not hesitate to price it at over five figures. The second state, with New Orleans added, would, in my opinion, be worth at least $7,500 in today's market. For the collector, scholar or institution not prepared to invest in a first or second issue of the Delisle map, this Covens & Mortier version re-engraved form Delisle's original issue, seems an intelligent and pleasant alternative. ($2,000-3,000)


155. SEUTTER, Matthaeus. Mappa Geographica Regionem Mexicanam et Floridam Terrasque adjacentes.... [Augsburg, 1731-1760]. Engraved map. 18-5/8 x 22-1/2 inches. Contemporary shading and outlining color. Ornate cartouche containing scale and decorated with dolphins, shells, anchors and oars (upper left); sea battle and treasure hunters at lower left; insets at upper right (Porto Bello, Cuba, Cartagena, and Veracruz). Very fine impression, beautifully colored.
        Seutter's version of Delisle's classic map of Florida and Mexico (1703), the first to pull together several centuries of disconnected geographical knowledge and present an accurate view of the area. Seutter's version contains the same geographical information as Delisle's original, but the great French cartographer's understated style has been abandoned for the lavish ornamental style so typical of the late Baroque art. Cumming 137n. Lowery 328. Martin & Martin 14n. Wheat, Transmississippi West 84n. ($1,500-3,000)


156. POPPLE, Henry. Three engraved maps: * A Map of the British Empire in America with the French and Spanish Settlements Adjacent Thereto [key map]. London: Sold by the Proprietors S. Harding on the Pavement in St. Martins Lane, and by W. H. Toms Engraver in the Union Court near Hatton Garden Holborn, Price 2 shills., W. H. Toms sculp., [1733]. 20-1/4 x 19-1/4 inches. Contemporary partial color and outlining. Pictorial title at lower left; 2 insets at top left (Niagara Falls and Mexico City); 19 insets at right (city views & plans); dedicatory cartouche at right. Trimmed close (no losses) and mounted, some surface soiling and abrading (minimal losses). * [Untitled map of Texas and Louisiana]. [London, 1733]. 19-3/16 x 25 inches. Fine. * [Untitled map of Mexico and Yucatan]. [London, 1733]. 19-1/4 x 26-1/4 inches. Fine.
        "First large scale English map of America" (Tooley, "Mapping of the Great Lakes" in The Mapping of America, pp. 315-16). These three maps were part of the finest and most detailed map of America of its time, consisting of a key map (present here) and twenty individual sheet maps. Issued under the patronage of the Lord Commissioners of Trade and Plantations and endorsed by the celebrated English astronomer Edmund Halley, these maps delineate the extent of the English, French, and Spanish provinces in America. The three maps offered are the most desirable ones for a Texas collection. Brown, Early Maps of the Ohio Valley 14.
        Cumming 216 (noting the engraver's own original copy of the key map in the British Museum, with the same imprint as in the copy offered): "Impressive in conception and elaborate in detail. Used widely by later cartographers." Day, p. 6. Graff 3322. Howes P481. Lowery 337-38. Phillips, America 569. Schwartz & Ehrenberg, p. 151n. Winsor V, p. 81. For the Texas-Louisiana sheet, Popple adapted Delisle's 1718 Carte de la Louisiane, omitting some of Delisle's notations and the routes of early explorers. However, Popple's map is on a far grander scale, much richer in place names for inland Indian tribes, and striking with its large and extensive river systems. A full set of the Popple maps with contemporary coloring sold for $112,500 at the Siebert Sale (Sotheby's New York, May 21, 1999). ($7,500-15,000)


157. D'ANVILLE, J. B. B. Amérique Septentrionale publiée sous les auspices de Monseigneur le Duc D'Orleans Prémier Prince du Sang. Paris, 1746. Engraved map. Four sheets joined to form two-sheet map, printed on heavy rag paper, each sheet approximately 18-3/4 x 34 inches (together approximately 36-1/2 x 34 inches). Original outline coloring. Large, elegant cartouche of a classically draped semi-nude female wearing a feathered headdress, two children or putti, animals (engraved after St. Gravelot); inset of Hudson and Baffin Bays. A few light fox marks and short tears (both of which are confined to the blank margins). Overall very fine, excellent impression.
        First state, with lower margin of map spherical. "To illustrate the cartography of the second half of the eighteenth century, a d'Anville map is essential. He dominated not only French but all contemporary geographers. He was one of the foremost to leave blank spaces in his maps where knowledge was insufficient. He became First Geographer to the King and was a collector of maps as well as cartographer, starting at the age of fifteen. His representation of the Great Lakes is superior to that of his contemporary John Mitchell. Curiously his maps, being of large size, have never been too popular with collectors and consequently fetch much less than their geographical content merits" (Tooley, "The Mapping of the Great Lakes" in The Mapping of America, pp. 316-17).
        Karpinski, p. 138. Lowery 381. Taliaferro, p. 11: "D'Anville's map of North America, 1746, bears a notation of the Texas coast concerning a Port Francois discovered by the French in 1720. Otherwise, we have not encountered an eighteenth-century map that alludes to La Harpe's expedition" & 134n: "Famous and popular map of North America...its depiction of the U.S. Gulf Coast was among the most influential of the century." Wagner, CNW 552. After the death of Delisle, d'Anville continued the line of progressive French cartographers which had begun with Sanson. The present map reflects d'Anville's penchant for accuracy, elegance, and lack of clutter and guesswork. The cartouche is particularly refined. ($600-1,200)


158. BELLIN, J. N. Karte von Luisiana, dem Laufe des Mississipi und den benachbaerten Laendern durch N. Bellin Ingenieur de la Marine 1744. [Leipzig, 1756]. Engraved map. 15-1/2 x 22 inches. Outline color. Small compass rose. Very fine.
        German edition of Bellin's Carte de la Louisiane Cours du Mississippi, originally published in Charlevoix's Histoire de la Nouvelle France (1744). This German edition appeared in Reisen zu Wasser und zu Lande (Leipzig, 1756). Brown, Early Maps of the Ohio Valley, pp. 69-70: "[Bellin] had access to the official documents: the journals, diaries, sketches, maps, and charts of the earlier explorers. But it must also be said that like Father Charlevoix, he used his material with discrimination and with a practiced eye. The result is a compendium of information about the interior of North America such as had not been compiled before." Lowery 378. Ristow, A la Carte, p. 84: "The Service Hydrographique of France under the leadership of J. N. Bellin produced numerous excellent charts of American waters." Bellin's Carte de la Louisiane Cours du Mississippi was at the time of publication, the most accurate and dependable depiction available. ($1,000-2,000)


159. TIRION, Isaak. Kaart van het Westelyk Gedeelte van Nieuw Mexico en van California Volgens de laatste Ontdekkingen der Jesuiten en anderen. Amsterdam, 1765. Engraved map. 12-13/16 x 13-3/4 inches. Fine copy of a fascinating, uncommon, and detailed map.
        An interesting transitional map between Kino and Garcés showing the Spanish borderlands in the California-Arizona region (including present-day southern Arizona), from Tirion's Nieuwe en beknopte hand-atlas. Many Jesuit missions in present-day Arizona and northwest Mexico are shown on the eve of the expulsion. Casa Grande on the Gila River is located, and California is shown to above San Diego, with a rather ill-configured grouping of the Channel Islands. Lowery 498. Phillips, Atlases 600:102. Wagner, CNW 608. Wheat, Transmississippi West 148 & p. 93: "[An] example of the commercial cartography of this period in respect of the Spanish borderlands...closely following certain Jesuit maps produced subsequent to Kino's day. Despite its title, New Mexico-as such-is not shown, the area south of the Gila being labeled Nieuw Mexico, as well as Pimería.... News of the new Spanish discoveries and explorations had obviously not yet filtered through to the cartographic ateliers of Europe." ($500-1,000)


160. JEFFERYS, Thomas. The Western Coast of Louisiana and the Coast of New Leon. London: Robert Sayer, 1775. Engraved map. 18-11/16 x 24-1/2 inches. Original outline coloring. At lower left are ships showing the route of the Spanish fleet; rhumb lines. A few stains and some creasing at centerfold.
        First issue. "This map is remarkable both for its large scale and for the poor state of its geography. No previous printed map had focused so closely on the Texas coast, which makes the depiction's jumbled nature even more striking.... Jefferys was probably the world's leading, most respected cartographer in 1775, and his ignorance of the coast's geography is testimony to the obscurity of eighteenth-century Texas.... This map received wide circulation and according to Streeter was 'the principal authority for the Texas coast' until the appearance of the Carta Esférica...a quarter of a century later'" (Taliaferro 167). Lowery 577.
        Martin & Martin 21: "Britain's keen interest in North America was reflected in Jefferys' well-known American Atlas, his North American Pilot, and his West India Atlas, in which he published this chart of the Texas coastline. Like other commercial map makers of the day, competition and overhead forced him to operate on a low budget, which often meant reliance on secondary sources and even plagiarism. But for his charts and maps depicting Spanish territories, however, Jefferys relied heavily on sketches and other maps captured by the British from Spanish warships." Nebenzahl, Compass 6:54: "The only eighteenth-century sea chart of Texas." Streeter 1029n. A large legend across the interior reads: "Vast Plains which are a continual Savanna intermix'd with Woods and full of wild Beeves." Robinson, Marine Cartography in Britain, p. 21. ($2,000-4,000)


161. [MAP: AMERICAS]. LAURIE & WHITTLE. A New Map of the Whole Continent of America, Divided into North and South and West Indies: wherein are Exactly Described the United States of North America as well as the Several European Possessions According to the Preliminaries of Peace Signed at Versailles, Jan. 20, 1783. London: Laurie & Whittle, May 12, 1794-[1798?]. Engraved map on wove paper. Four sheets joined as two, overall 40-3/4 x 47-1/4 inches. Original outline coloring. Oversize cartouche at lower right depicting the flora and fauna of America. Insets at lower left (The Supplement to North America Containing the Countries Adjoining to Baffins & Hudsons Bays); left center (The Continent and Islands of America). Some wear and short tears to blank margins (not affecting image or text, otherwise fine, and a good strong impression.
        An important and interesting aspect of this map is its use of outline colors to differentiate the United States and possessions of five European powers. This is an early cartographic use of color as an essential, non-decorative element (see K. Pearson, "Color Revolution," Imago Mundi 32, p. 9). Karpinski 109. Stevens & Tree 3(l) (noting that this issue has the west coast of Newfoundland colored blue to denote French territory and Florida and Louisiana colored yellow to denote Spanish territory, indicating publication prior to 1800). Wheat, Transmississippi West 226n. See Taliaferro 185 for notes on the evolution of this map from Thomas Pownall, and d'Anville's 1746 map of North America (see 151 herein). ($800-1,200)


162. TARDIEU, Pierre Francois. United States of Nth America. Carte des Etats-unis de l'Amérique Septentrionale copiée et gravée sur celle d'Arrowsmith corrigée et considérablement augmentée d'après les renseignemens les plus authentiques.... Paris, 1808. Engraved map in 48 sections mounted on four sheets of contemporary linen. 48 x 55 inches. Original outline coloring. Large cartouche at lower right (Niagara Falls); large inset plan of the District of Columbia above cartouche. Each section identified in contemporary ink on verso. Very fine in contemporary marbled carrying case with chemise.
        In printed text on this dramatically decorative map, Tardieu freely acknowledges his reliance upon Arrowsmith with updates from Morse and Ellicott (the latter particularly for the South and the Gulf Coast). The cartouche with Niagara Falls is flamboyant and grandiose (approximately 11 x 14-1/2 inches), and the legend beneath is in French and English. The oversize map of "La Ville de Washington" presents a complete street plan of the District of Columbia and Georgetown, locating the Capitol, the White House, and other landmarks. Karpinski, p. 207: "The map gives 'Michigan Territory.'" Phillips, p. 876. ($1,000-2,000)


163. ARROWSMITH, Aaron. A New Map of Mexico and Adjacent Provinces Compiled from Original Documents.... London: Published 5th. October 1810, by A. Arrowsmith, 10 Soho Sque. Hydrographer to His Majesty, 1810. Engraved map. Four sheets, together measuring (50-1/2 x 62 inches). Original outline color. Plain circular title cartouche. Insets of the Valley of Mexico, Veracruz, and Acapulco. Very fine, with a few expert reinforcements at folds and minimal VERY mild foxing, excellent impression. This copy has a printed slip pasted beneath date of 1810 in cartouche: C. Smith & Son, Map & Globe Publishers, 172 Strand.
        First state (with Hydrographer to His Majesty) of a cornerstone map of Texas, Mexico, and the Southwestern U.S. This was the first large-scale map to depict the important discoveries of Pike and Humboldt in the Southwest, and it became the most influential and widely copied map of the region in the era. As an early nineteenth-century publication based on information gathered by Spanish exploring parties in the eighteenth century, Arrowsmith's map belongs to the beginning of a new cartographic sequence. "[Arrowsmith's 1810 map] was bitterly criticized by Humboldt as a blatant plagiarism of his own map. While there is no doubt that Arrowsmith did use Humboldt’s data to best advantage, his map was no mere copy. For his improved rendering of the Brazos River, if for no other reason, Arrowsmith’s depiction of the Texas area merits inclusion as a landmark in the cartography of the region" (Crossroads of Empire - Amon Carter Museum exhibit June 12-July 26, 1981).
        Martin & Martin 25: "Relying on information provided to him by the Hudson's Bay Company, [Arrowsmith] added significant details in the Northwest, and his depiction of the California coast was probably taken from the British explorer Vancouver's own charts. In the Texas area he undoubtedly used Pike's rendition of the rivers, particularly of the Brazos and the Guadalupe, while he followed Humboldt in tracing the coast from the Spanish Hydrographic Office chart.... By combining the best parts of Humboldt's and Pike's maps and avoiding their errors, and by adding his own new information, Arrowsmith contributed a significantly improved depiction of the region." Streeter 1046: "The two 1810 editions of this map vary considerably in the colored boundaries of Texas.... In [the first issue] the eastern boundary is shown in colors, first from the mouth of the Salinas, i.e., the Sabine, to the Red River, which is shown as the northern boundary, then to about 98º20'. It then runs more or less southwest and includes the village of San Saba in Texas." This depiction of the Texas-Louisiana border was approximately the frontier then accepted in practice by both sides.
        Taliaferro 202. Wheat, Transmississippi West 295 & pp. 27-28. ($7,500-12,000)


164. PIKE, Zebulon M. Two engraved maps, from Pike's Account... Philadelphia, 1810 (see item 55 herein): * A Map the Internal Provinces of New Spain.... 17-3/4 x 18-1/2 inches. * A Sketch of the Vice Royalty Exhibiting the Several Provinces and its Approximation to the Internal Provinces of New Spain. 13-7/8 x 15-1/2 inches. Uniform age-toning and a few stains and short breaks at folds.
        First printing of the first maps of the Southwest to be based on firsthand exploration--"milestones in the mapping of the American West... Although some authorities seem to have taken delight in belittling Pike's achievements, these maps of the Plains areas west from the Mississippi to the Rocky Mountains and through an important portion of these mountains are maps of outstanding historic interest.... Viewed together, they offer a remarkable picture of an important stretch of country that had hitherto been known only through the vaguest of rumors" (Wheat, Transmississippi West 298-99 & II, pp. 20-24). Crossroads of Empire (Amon Carter Museum exhibit June 12-July 26, 1981): "In 1807 Pike led one of the earliest expeditions to reconnoiter the newly purchased territory of Louisiana.... The published account of his adventures includes a map which, while similar to Humboldt's in many details, is a significant improvement in rendering the interior of Texas. With the exception of the lower courses of the Sabine and Neches, which are distorted to the East, the Rivers are shown accurately. The Brazos is, for the first time in a printed map, shown in almost its proper length and shape." Martin & Martin 24. Plains & Rockies IV: 1047. Streeter 1047. One of the intriguing cartographical controversies of the early nineteenth century was the dispute between Pike, Arrowsmith, and Humboldt regarding the genesis of their maps and who "borrowed" from whom. ($1,500-3,000)


165. BRUÉ, A. H. Carte physique et politique de l'Amérique septentrionale...publiée pour la premiere fois en 1821 par T. Goujon. Revue et augmentée par l'Editeur d'après le nouvel Atlas Américain. Paris, 1827. Engraved map in 21 sections mounted on contemporary linen. 22-3/4 x 34-1/4 inches. Original outline coloring. Linen browned (not affecting face of map). Goujon's engraved label for his map establishment on verso. Fine.
        Brué prepared the maps for the Onís memoir (see Streeter 1079). Wheat, Transmississippi West 367 (citing the 1826 issue): "Brué in 1826 stuck to Pike's data, but inserted a novelty in calling the river west of 'L. Teguayo ou Salé' (into which the Buenaventura flowed) the 'R. S. Philippe ou del Colorado'—though the real Colorado is also shown." ($500-1,000)


166. BARBER, B. B. & A. WILLARD. Map of the United States of America with its Territories & Districts. Including also a part of Upper & Lower Canada and Mexico. Hartford, 1835. Engraved map. Two sheets together measuring 28-1/4 x 42 inches. Ornate and varied typography in large title at lower right, in the middle of which is an engraving of Capitol at Washington; another engraving at lower center (President's House at Washington); statistical table at lower right; at center left is an unusual combined table of distances and comparative heights of mountains in the United States. Vivid original full color, bright rose and yellow outline coloring in gesso, oceans pastel green. Marginal wear with some old repairs and some chipping (affecting only one small section of right border), one clean split at on left fold, otherwise fine and crisp.
        Second edition (an earlier edition came out in 1833). Ristow, American Maps and Mapmakers, p. 98. Not in Wheat. With its rich coloring and grand size, this is one of the more unusual American maps of the early Republic, obviously taking inspiration from Humboldt-Arrowsmith-Pike, Long, and Tanner. The Pacific Northwest is colored yellow and bears the notation: "Oregon District is but imperfectly known.... The country towards the Rocky mountains is described to be mountainous and barren." The area from the Red River, Arkansas River, and Rockies is painted green and designated "Mandan District" and "Osage District" (with various tribes located) and text: "This district is a vast wilderness of immense plains and meadows interspersed with barren hills and almost destitute of wood except in the neighborhood of streams. It is traversed by immense herds of Buffaloes and wild horses and by a few roving tribes of Indians. Occasional bands of white hunters and trappers range this country for furs." Texas, Mexico, the Southwest, and California are painted pink and called "Part of Internal Provinces of Mexico" (Texas designated "Provincia de Texas"). ($1,500-3,000)


167. [BRADFORD, Thomas Gamaliel]. Texas. [New York, 1835]. Engraved map. 7-13/16 x 10-3/8 inches. Original outline coloring. Mounted on cartographical linen and silked. Fine condition, accompanied by text leaf on Texas from Bradford's 1835 atlas.
        First edition of the first separate map of Texas to appear in an atlas, issue uncertain, but with early issue points ("Mustang Wild Horse Desert" shown in south Texas, Nueces River shown as southwestern boundary, land grants instead of counties, Austin not shown, etc.). Map 64A from Bradford's Comprehensive Atlas, Geographical, Historical and Commercial (New York, 1835). Martin & Martin 31: "The map itself appeared to be copied directly from Austin's, the only readily available authority.... The map differed from Austin's primarily in its prominent display of numerous colonization grants and a plethora of new settlements and towns, indicative of the massive influx of colonists occurring after the publication of Austin's work. Another significant departure from Austin was the map's depiction of the Arkansas boundary controversy.... Aside from showing Texas as a separate state, the map [is] historically important for clearly demonstrating the demand in the U.S. for information about Texas during the Revolution and the early years of the Republic." See items 143 & 170 herein. ($800-1,200)


168. MITCHELL, S. Augustus & J. H. Young. A New Map of Texas, with the Contiguous American & Mexican States. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1835. Pocket map. Engraved map. 12-3/4 x 15-1/4 inches. Original full color. Text insets: Remarks on Texas; Rivers of Texas; Land Grants. Folded in original 16mo gilt-lettered dark green leather covers. Professionally stabilized. Three old tape stains (each about two inches in length) where tape has been removed). Splits at folds mended. Brilliant coloring. Preserved on acid-free mat board, under glass, handsome gilt-lined walnut frame.
        First issue of the Young-Mitchell map, showing the nascent Republic on the eve of Independence. Streeter 1178 (one of the few maps singled out for inclusion in his bibliography of Texas). Texas is shown divided into the various land grants parceled out by the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas and is actually smaller than the area claimed by Texas after independence, the southern boundary being the Nueces River. All territory north of the Red River is attached to "Santa Fe formerly New Mexico." Generally, the map follows the conformation of the Burr map of 1833, only here the Louisiana-Texas boundary is shown correctly. Lengthy inset texts give contemporary information concerning the Texas region (particulars on obtaining land, reference to the burgeoning Anglo-American population, the political movement for a government separate from Coahuila, glowing report on the resources of Texas, including: "Texas is one of the finest stock countries in the world. Cattle are raised in great abundance and with but little trouble."
        The influx of Anglo-American colonists into Texas in the 1830s stimulated the demand for maps of the region. Intense interest in events west of the Sabine prompted Mitchell to issue eight versions of this map beginning in 1835 during the Texas Revolution, and up to 1845, the year of annexation. Following the appearance in 1830 of Stephen F. Austin’s landmark map, the commercial publishers of New York and Philadelphia began to issue maps to meet the demand. Among the earliest and most important of these maps was the present map. The present map is the very first printing, and is seldom offered in the market. The serious collector will aspire to acquiring several editions, because together the Young-Mitchell maps document the cartographical sequence of the Republic. ($8,000-12,000)


169. MITCHELL, [S. Augustus]. Mitchell's Compendium of the Internal Improvements of the United States.... Philadelphia & Hinman, 1835. Pocket map & guide. viii, 9-84 [4, publisher's ads] pp., folding engraved map on onion-skin paper: MITCHELL, S. Augustus. Mitchell's Map of the United States; Showing the Principal Travelling, Turnpike and Common Roads; on Which are Given the Distances in Miles from One Place to Another; Also, the Courses of the Canals & Rail-Roads Throughout the Country, Carefully Compiled from the Best Authorities. Philadelphia: S. August Mitchell, 1835. 19 x 23-3/8 inches. Original outline coloring. Railroads and canals (both existing and proposed) outlined in blue, red, yellow, and green. Table of distances colored with green and giving distances (New Orleans, Boston, Vandalia, Monticello, etc.) at upper left. Insets of 8 regions and cities (New Haven, Baltimore & Washington, Charleston, etc.) at right), folded into pocket covers (16mo, original gilt-lettered and stamped black straight grain morocco). Spinal extremities reinforced with matching leather. Binding a bit rubbed and worn, title foxed, map with several clean splits (easily repairable and no losses). Very crisp and clean with strong color.
        First edition. Howes M686 ("map [in some copies]"). A perfectly beautiful pocket map of the Young Republic, with an elegant understated decorative border, spirited engraved letters in title, and predominant colors of turquoise and yellow. The Canadian border is colored rose. The map extends westerly only to the Brazos River in Texas (still called Mexico) and Missouri Territory (lettered over tribal designations for Kickapoos, Shawnees, Osages, Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, etc.). Let the publisher-mapseller speak for the map (quoting from ads following text): "Mitchell & Hinman...publish, and have constantly for sale, a great variety of first-rate Pocket Maps, put up in the best style, morocco gilt." One of the maps offered is the Mitchell map of Texas (see 168 above). ($800-1,200)


170. BRADFORD, T. G. Texas. [Boston], 1838. Engraved map. 14-1/8 x 11-1/2 inches. Full original coloring in pastel shades of green blue, pink, and yellow. One spot at lower left, otherwise very fine, on good, strong paper.
        There are at least six different issues and or editions of the Bradford map, and all of them are from the atlases that Bradford published between 1835 and 1838. The earliest of the maps was of the type that first came out in Bradford's 1835 atlas (see 167 above), in smaller format and with outline coloring. In 1838, Bradford revised his atlas to a larger format, and the map of Texas was enlarged in size and updated. This larger format Texas map appears in two formats—fully colored as in the present copy, and also in outline color (the copy in the Bradford atlas that we offer in lot 143 has outline coloring). There are other variations: Later issues of the map have county lines superimposed over the land grants, new towns are given (including Austin), and the Rio Grande is the southern border. The present copy shows only land grants, Austin is not yet included, and the Nueces River is the southern border. Bradford was the first maker of atlases to include a separate map for Texas. Martin & Martin 31: "Bradford published a completely new atlas in 1838, in a larger format, and the map of Texas it contained was even more clearly patterned on Austin's. Aside from showing Texas as a separate country, the map and text Bradford inserted into his atlas is historically important for clearly demonstrating the demand in the United States for information about Texas during the Revolution and the early years of the Republic. It also serves to confirm the importance of Austin's map as source for that information." ($1,200-2,200)


171. HUNT, Richard S. & Jesse F. Randel. Guide to the Republic of Texas: Consisting of a Brief Outline of the History of its Settlement; A General View of the Surface of the Country; Its Climate, Soil, Productions; Rivers, Counties, Towns, and Internal Improvements; The Colonization and Land Laws.... New York: J. H. Colton, 1839. Pocket map & guide. 63 [1] [1, ads] pp., folding engraved map on onion-skin paper: HUNT, Richard S. & Jesse F. Randel. Map of Texas Compiled from Surveys on Record in the General Land Office of the Republic in the Year 1839. New York: J. H. Colton, 1839. 31-1/2 x 23-1/4 inches. Original full color. Large inset at lower right: Map of the Rio Grande and the Country West to the Pacific. Folded into pocket covers (16mo, original gilt-lettered green cloth). Covers faded and worn, some foxing to text. The map bears some mild to moderate foxing, and a thin strip (approximately 5 x ½ inch along left line border missing where removed from guide (supplied in expert pen facsimile), small hole in Jefferson County, but generally a very good copy of a rare and desirable Texas map. The map is very rare; to find the map with the printed guide in original cloth is exceedingly difficult. Texana of the first order.
        First printing. Graff 2017. Howes H809. Rader 1980. Raines, p. 122. Streeter 1348: "The first general guide to must have been a useful book for intending settlers, and its contemporary account of existing conditions makes it a valuable book now. The map is important.... It shows, probably for the first time, the newly laid out town of Austin on the north bank of the Colorado." Taliaferro 278n (citing the 1845 edition). Vandale 93. This handsome promotional map was one of the early, large-scale maps of the Republic. The cartographers followed the model for Texas established by Stephen F. Austin. They claimed that their map was "the only one which makes any pretensions to being based on accurate surveys." The inset map (not listed by Wheat) extends from Texas to California and includes Lower California. ($22,000-34,000)


172. MITCHELL, S. Augustus. Mitchell's Travellers Guide through the United States. Containing the Principal Cities, Towns, &c Alphabetically Arranged; Together with the Stage, Steam-Boat, Canal, and Rail-Road Routes, with the Distances, in Miles, from Place to Place. Philadelphia: Thomas Cowperthwait & Co., 1839. Pocket map & guide. 78 pp., engraved map on onionskin paper: MITCHELL, S. Augustus. Mitchell's Travellers Guide through the United States. A Map of the Roads, Distances, Steam Boat & Canal Routes &c. by J. H. Young. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1839. 16-5/8 x 20-13/16 inches. Original outline color. Folded into original 16mo blind-stamped, gilt-lettered red straight-grain morocco covers. Covers stained and lightly rubbed. Map detached from covers and with some splits at folds, one section stained on verso. Text waterstained. Apparently the traveller who owned this copy must have had a rough trip, but generally the map itself is fine (splits clean with no losses and easily repairable). Good strong coloring.
        The first edition of this road map came out in 1832, text was added beginning in 1834, and thereafter continually updated and enlarged (see Howes M690; Clark, Old South III:74n & Phillips, America, p. 886 {1832 issue}). Schwartz & Ehrenberg, p. 255: "Internal improvements coupled with the great Irish and German migrations beginning in 1827 led to the production of traveler's guides that depicted roads and their distances, steamboat and canal routes, and lengths of principal railroads.... In 1832 Samuel Augustus Mitchell first issued his 'Traveller's Guide through the United States' and complimented it two years later with 'Tourist Pocket Maps' of the different states. These early works and their multitudinous progeny over the next fifty years laid the foundation for the road maps of today." The map extends only to East Texas, but one change that occurs in the present edition is that Mexico is overwritten by the bolder letters TEXAS, and additional details and towns are shown on the frontier (Neches and Angelina rivers added, along with the towns of Tanaha, Teran, etc.). ($400-800)


173. SMITH, C. & SON (publishers). Texas as Settled by Congress 1839. London, Decr. 2, 1839. Below left margin: Drawn & Engraved by J. Addison. Engraved map. 14-1/8 x 16-1/2 inches. Original outline color and shading, borders pale pink. Small printed slip pasted under imprint giving publisher's address as 172 Strand. Very fine with generous uncut original margins. Strong impression, brilliant coloring, printed on good-quality thick Whatman paper. One of the rarest Texas maps, a beauty to behold, and filled with fascinating errors.
        First and only printing. Streeter 1355 (locating his own copy, now at Yale): "This medium scale map extends from almost a degree below the mouth of the Rio Grande to above the big bend of the Arkansas and from as far east as Pensacola to more than a degree west of the north-south course of the Rio Grande. Texas is shown with the Rio Grande its southern and western boundary to above Santa Fe and with its northern boundary, west to the 100th meridian, at the Arkansas River. There are an unusual number of errors. The eastern boundary of Texas is incorrectly shown as extending to within a few miles of Natchitoches. Many of the grants are shown, but usually incorrectly. Galveston is shown above Anahuac at the head of the Galveston Bay. Houston is shown as on the Trinity River, and another Houston the Colorado River with the legend, 'to be the Seat of Government in 1840,' should be Austin. Division of much of the area into colonies is still shown, some of the boundaries being quite incorrect.. Though full of inaccuracies, the map is nicely done and would give a favorable impression to one unacquainted with the facts." This may be the only chance for a collector or institution to obtain a copy of this handsome English map of the Republic of Texas. The Streeter-Yale copy was mounted and folded into cloth covers. The present copy is a sheet map and has never been folded. Publisher Charles Smith was an English publisher, map & globe seller, and "Engraver and Map Seller Extraordinary to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales" between 1803 and 1862. See Tooley, p. 585. Engraver J. Addison may be the John Addison (fl. 1825-1845) listed by Tooley (p. 4). ($15,000-30,000)


174. ARROWSMITH, John. A Map of Texas, Compiled from Surveys Recorded in the Land Office of Texas, and Other Official Surveys. Recognized as an Independent State by Great Britain 16th. Novr. 1840. London, Pubd. 17 April, 1841. Engraved map. 23-1/2 x 19-5/8 inches. Original outline coloring. Inset at left, Plan of Galveston Bay from a MS. Inset at right, British North America. Sectioned and mounted on paper, uniform age-toning, four old tape repairs, a few small hole (minimal losses).
        Second appearance of this important map, which originally came out in Arrowsmith's London Atlas (1832-1846). This issue of the map appeared in Kennedy's Texas: The Rise, Progress, and Prospects of the Republic of Texas (London, 1841). Martin & Martin 32: "A new map of the Republic of Texas [with] up-to-date information [including] an accurate depiction of boundaries and river systems and the latest developments in its political divisions.... Arrowsmith's map was probably the first to show the full extent of Texas' claim to the upper Rio Grande.... As one of the earliest maps to contain information from the General Land Office of Texas, the map located Indian tribes, major roadways, and included editorial comments for the benefit of the future traveler to Texas, such as 'excellent land,' 'valuable land,' 'rich land,' and 'delightful country.'" Streeter 1385 (this issue; see Streeter 1373 for first issue). Taliaferro, p. 15n (designating Arrowsmith's map as important for its contribution to Texas geography as a whole and providing a "valuable record of the social and political evolution of the state during the crucial years when much of its territory was first settled by a population of European origin.").
        Wheat, Transmississippi West 451 (citing present issue): "The New Mexico settlements are carefully shown.... The 'waggon road to Santa Fe' appears, together with several of the routes of American officers of the United States. The showing of the settled Texas area, along the Gulf of Mexico, is excellent;" pp. 173-74: "This is a landmark for its delineation of the pioneer counties of the State, as well as for its inclusion of Le Grand's 'exploration' in what is now the Panhandle and beyond.... The map shows the lands of the various tribes of Indians north of the Red River and south of the Arkansas, outside of Texas, the line joining the two rivers passing up the 100th meridian. West of the meridian is the area purportedly explored by Le Grand in 1833." ($4,000-8,000)


175. AUSTIN, Stephen F. Genl. Austins Map of Texas with Parts of the Adjoining States.... Philadelphia: H. S. Tanner, 1840. Pocket map. Engraved folding map. 28-1/2 x 23-1/4 inches. Original full color and outlining. Pocket folder present: 16mo, original brown cloth gilt-lettered TEXAS (worn and split at back). Map silked and laid down on cartographical linen, splits at folds visible (several small voids but loss of only a letter or two and an occasional line marking a boundary or route). The provenance of this map is splendid, coming directly from a member of the Austin family, with evidence that it once belonged to Randolph Bryan (New Handbook of Texas, pp. 791-92), the son of Moses Austin Bryan. Bryan's handwriting appears on the inside cover of the pocket folder. Austin's map, in any of its incarnations, constitutes a cornerstone of any serious collection on Texas and the West. As Streeter so unequivocally states (1115n): "The map of Texas I most prize is Stephen F. Austin's." The sterling provenance of the present map, the rarity of the edition (Streeter does not even note this pocket map version), and the intrinsic importance and value of the map make this copy one of the top pieces of Texana and Western Americana, for all time.
        The first printing of Austin's map was in 1830; by 1840 seven different versions of the map had appeared. The present version represents the culmination of the evolution of this pivotal map. Streeter (1363) does not note this pocket map version, but he records the presence of this version of the map in Francis Moore's Map and Description of Texas.... (Philadelphia, 1850). Fifty Texas Rarities 10n. Howes A404. Martin, "Maps of an Empresario" (SWHQ 85:4): "Tanner's publication was apparently an immediate commercial success, and Austin was importuned by would-be colonists to furnish them with copies.... The first map to achieve wide circulation and credibility, and it appeared on the scene in the U.S. at a time of growing public demand for information about the region.... By widely disseminating an accurate depiction of Texas at a pivotal time in the history of the region, Austin initiated the modern period of Texas cartography. He deserves recognition for his contributions to the cartography of Texas commensurate with that he has long received for his efforts in its colonization." Martin & Martin 29. Schwartz & Ehrenberg, color plate 154 & p. 253.
        Streeter 1115, 1363 & p. 329 (listing the six most important maps for a Texas collection and placing Austin's map at the top of the list). Taliaferro 236n: "One of the most important maps in Texas history." This map is one of resounding consequence in the history of the United States and the West. ($50,000-100,000)


176. BRUÉ, A. H. Nouvelle carte du Mexique, du Texas et d'une partie des états limitrophes...revue et augmentée par Ch. Piquet.... Paris, 1840. Engraved map, 25 sections mounted on heavy paper. 36-1/2 x 24-5/8 inches. Original outline color. Inset at lower right (Détails des environs de Mexico et de la Vera-Cruz; 8-1/2 x 11-1/4 inches); inset at lower right (Complément de la Carte donnant Le Yucatan et une partie des provinces uniés de l'Amérique Centrale; 8-1/4 x 7-1/2 inches). One clean split with no loss and some marginal soiling and repair at top blank margin, generally fine. A great copy of a great map, with intriguing contemporary inscriptions: "El General Bustamante al Señor Conde de Rasocsay[?]." Two other ink notations refer to the changed boundary between the U.S. and Mexico in 1848 following the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, and neatly added in orange shading is the new boundary from the mouth of the Rio Grande to Gulf of California.
        The inscriptions need more research, but it would appear that this French map may have been passed between Anastasio Bustamante (see New Handbook of Texas & Dicc. Porrúa), who served as captain of the Provincias Internas during a crucial period of Texas history, and later as President of Mexico. At the time that the map was published Bustamante was serving as President of Mexico, and France had declared war on Mexico. It is possible that the recipient of this copy of the map was Gastón de Raousset-Boulbon (Dicc. Porrúa), the French filibuster, who in 1854 would be executed for his filibustering activities in California and Sonora.
        The map is a large, elegant rendering of the Southwest, Texas, and Mexico, and bears the printed notation that the first edition came out in 1834 with revisions in 1837, 1839, and 1840. The colors used are explained in a key at lower left, with the possessions of Mexico, "République de Texas," U.S., Guatemala, and England respectively red, tan, green, blue, and brown. This feature alone makes the map a candidate for a Texas collection, but the map is a lot more important than that. Wheat, Transmississippi West (citing the 1834 edition) 404 & pp. 143-45 "A most important map of 1834—historically speaking—was that of A.H. Brué, also published posthumously in Paris by his widow. It was a map of Mexico, beautifully engraved, as were all the maps of this cartographer.... The 1834 Brué map is one of the foundation stones of western mapping history.... It was not the first mention of Jedediah Smith on a published map, but it was the first attempt to show the route of Smith's magnificent trek." ($1,500-3,000)


177. TEESDALE, Henry, & Co. Western Hemisphere. London [1842?]. Engraved circular map. 13-1/2 inches in diameter. Original outline coloring. Very fine.
        Circular projection with Texas shown as an independent republic in the Emory conformation in this pleasant English map. ($250-500)


178. MITCHELL, S. Augustus. Mitchell's National Map of the American Republic or United States of North America. Together with Maps of the Vicinities of Thirty-Two of the Principal Cities and Towns in the Union...Drawn by J. H. Young. Engraved by J. H. Brightly. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1843. Pocket map. Two sheets: Engraved map and engraved statistical sheet with city plans. 23 x 34-1/4 inches and 24-1/2 x 34 inches. Original full bright coloring and outlining. 34 insets ofcity and regional plans (including South Florida & the Keys, Boston, New Orleans, Natchez, District of Columbia, Mobile, St. Louis, Nashville, etc.); text insets with a plethora of statistics and demographics, manufactures, railroads in existence and completed, etc. Folded into 16mo original gilt-lettered dark brown ribbed cloth, with original metal clasp. Joints of pocket folder split and spine barely attached. The maps are in excellent condition, and the color is spectacular (in fact, we wonder if the notation of the engraver as "J. H. Brightly" might be J. H. Young's tongue-in-cheek humor reflecting on the boldness of the coloring found in this map). Streeter's copy, with his pencil notes on the map and indicating acquisition from the Eberstadts in 1937.
        The text portion of this map is extensive, covering matters both large and small (with minutiae so elusive as the number musical instruments manufactured in the United States). Anyone seeking to understand what the United States was like in the year 1843 might want to linger with this striking production. The map extends as far west as the eastern portions of Texas (to the mouth of the Brazos), Indian Territory, and Iowa. Phillips, America, p. 896. ($800-1,600)


179. ENSIGN, T. & E. H. Ensign's Travellers' Guide, and Map of the United States, and Canal Routes &c. New York: T. & E. H. Ensign, 1846. Wall map. Engraved shellacked wall map with original linen backing and black wooden rollers. 25-3/4 x 38-1/4 inches. Original full and outline color, vine border. Insets of 15 small views of cities or regions (including Southern Florida and Cuba) at right; at left: comparative chart of the chief rivers of the world; double-hemispheric map of the world; leading mountains of the world; text of the Declaration of Independence with facsimile signatures and keyed portraits of signers; below large engraving of the founding fathers and the signing of the Declaration of Independence; two large embellished portraits (Native American King Philip in 1676 and President James K. Polk; smaller portraits of eleven U.S. presidents; four additional prints of "Great Moments" in American history (landing of the Pilgrims, Battle of Lexington, Battle of Bunker Hill, and Washington's Farewell Address). Unusually good condition for a wall map, with some chafing and minor chipping that occurs with the rolling and unrolling of these rare maps. Upper right corner with mild to moderate staining.
        Unrecorded wall map of the United States on the verge of Manifest Destiny. The cartographer seemed intent upon squeezing in as much history and iconography of the Young Republic as possible. Not in Wheat, but the map extends as far west as El Paso (showing the Rio Grande) and all the way up to the Yellowstone River. Missouri Territory is labeled "Great American Desert." ($3,000-5,000)


180. ENSIGN, T. & E. H. Map of Texas and Part of Mexico Reduced and Compiled from the Congressional Map and Other Recent Authorities. [New York], 1846. Engraved map on stiff clay-coated card stock. 5-3/4 x 4-1/2 inches. Original outline coloring in lilac, ornamental woven border. Lower blank margin with some minor staining and light wear, overall fine.
        An intriguing and rare miniature map printed on clay-coated card stock, with Texas in the Emory conformation (except that there is more detail provided). The map may have been issued in response to public demand for more information on the Mexican War theatres. I've seen this map twice before, once long ago at the Jenkins Company, and later, the copy in the Jenkins and Virginia Garrett Collection at UT Arlington. Day, p. 43. ($1,000-2,000)


181. MITCHELL, S. Augustus. A New Map of Texas, Oregon and California with the Regions Adjoining. Compiled from the Most Recent Authorities. Philadelphia: Mitchell, 1846. Lithographic map. 22-1/8 x 20-3/8 inches. Original full coloring, floral border. Tipped in is the following imprint: MITCHELL, S. August. A General View of the United States.... Philadelphia, 1846. 128 pp. 8vo, original pink printed wrappers. The map did not issue with the pamphlet, and the marriage of the two seems to have been performed by the original or early owner (there is some old offsetting from the map on the blank flyleaf of the pamphlet). The map has two short tears where it joins the book block and three miniscule breaks at folds (no losses), otherwise very fine and crisp, colors strong.
        First printing of this landmark map of the American West. Baughman, Kansas in Maps, p. 35: "A deservedly popular map of the West." Schwartz & Ehrenberg, p. 276: "Important map...depicted the western political situation on the eve of the Mexican War. A composite map, it judiciously incorporated the recent work of Nicollet, Wilkes, Frémont, and Emory. Both the Oregon Trail and the 'Caravan route to Santa Fe' are included." Graff 2841. Howes M685. Martin & Martin 36: "One of the first widely distributed maps showing Texas as a state in the U.S." Plains & Rockies IV:122b. Wheat, Gold Regions 29; Transmississippi West 520, p. 35: "This map represents a great step forward [utilizing] the recent explorations that had bounded and determined the nature of the Great Basin. The Texas claim to a western boundary up the Rio Grande is here shown, with the northern panhandle extending all the way to the 42nd parallel, following Emory's map of Texas." ($4,000-8,000)


182. DISTURNELL, J. & J. Goldsborough Bruff. A Correct Map of the Seat of War in Mexico. Being a Copy of Genl. Arista's Map, taken at Resaca de la Palma with additions and Corrections; Embellished with Diagrams of the Battles of the 8th. & 9th. May, and Capture of Monterey, with a Memorandum of Forces Engaged, Results, &c. and Plan of Vera Cruz and Castle of San Juan de Ulua...Designed by J. G. Bruff.... New York, 1847. Pocket map. Lithographed map. 24-3/8 x 18-3/4 inches. Original outline coloring. Top center, large American Eagle with flags and banners, rays of light above and clouds below (beneath is a table of distances on a scroll). Left center, hyperactive U.S. Cavalryman riding full speed over two hapless Mexicans with smoke and dust flying through the air. Insets at right (Plan of Monterey; Map Showing the Battle Grounds of the 8th. and 9th. by J. H. Eaton; Tampico and its Environs; Chart of the Bay of Vera Cruz). Large inset text at right center (Memorandum of the Battles...Palo Alto...Monterey); smaller text inset at lower center giving heights of towns and mountains. Flags mark towns and cities taken by U.S. forces. Folded into pocket covers (16mo, original brown blind-embossed, gilt-lettered morocco). Splits at several folds, all clean and no losses, except for one small section where the map joins the covers (loss of about a one-fourth square inch of image eagle). Faint offsetting, a few small repairs at fold breaks with acid-free archival tissue (these need to be reworked). Contemporary ink ownership signature of J. M. Orr and some old pencil notes at lower margin of map.
        First printing of one of the liveliest of Mexican-American War maps, depicting Manifest Destiny in full-tilt cartographical mode. I looked at this map several times with an inexplicable sense of déjà vu, since I have never had a copy of the map in my hands before. Now, at the ninth hour (when little, if any, mental sharpness remains), suddenly I understand the easy familiarity I sense with this artifact. It is not the map itself, but its designer, whose somewhat difficult-to-decipher facsimile signature is found at the bottom of the map: J. G. Bruff. He is none other than our old friend from the Gold Rush and the curious Rebus Letter, J. Goldsborough Bruff. The same sense of liveliness and flourishing design and lettering that is found in Bruff's Gold Rush journals are exhibited in this map. But there is more to appreciate in this map than its maker, e.g., the little plan of the Texas-Mexico border region showing Matamoros to Pt. Isabel and the two battles of the Mexican-American War fought on Texas soil. Wheat, Transmississippi West mentions the map in the note to entry 583: "In 1847 Bruff had made a Mexican War map which, though it is without the bounds of the present study, is worth citing." ($1,000-2,000)


183. MITCHELL, S. Augustus. Map of Mexico, including Yucatan & Upper California, Exhibiting the Chief Cities and Towns, the Principal Travelling Routes &c. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1847. Pocket map. Lithographed map. 32-3/8 x 23-5/8 inches. Original full and outline coloring, ornate border. Inset at top right: Battle Field of Monterey on pink ground. Below the map proper is another map, a large inset map of the interior of Mexico with Mexican eagle and profile below: Map of the Principal Roads from Vera Cruz and Alvarado to the City of Mexico, Including the Valley of Mexico, Mountains, Plains, Volcanoes, Lakes, & Geo. Stealey (principal road marked in red). At the very bottom is a profile of the road showing the mountains and their comparative heights, with table to right showing the altitudes at which various crops flourish. In acid-free mat, under glass, and in a wooden frame. Pocket map covers retained on back of frame (16mo, original dark green embossed and gilt-lettered morocco). Some light soiling and minor spotting, a few splits at folds already expertly mended. Covers a bit abraded. A very good to fine copy, ready to be displayed and enjoyed.
        This is the most detailed version of the series of popular maps that Mitchell began to publish at the outbreak of the Mexican-American War. All of them display Texas in the Emory conformation and boldly outlined in red. First issued in 1846, with only the upper inset (titled The Late Battlefield) and without the Map of the Principal Roads below (see Taliaferro 284 for first issue). As the war progressed, Mitchell rapidly revised his original map of 1846. With each appearance he added more detail, increasing the number of flags which mark the sites of battles (including the Alamo and San Jacinto). Another version followed dated 1847, but with copyright date of 1846. Also in 1847, yet another version appeared (again with 1846 copyright) adding the lower large inset Map of the Principal Roads, but with the same title to the upper inset (see Wheat, Transmississippi West 548). The present map (Wheat, Gold Regions 35) adds many details over the earlier versions (rivers, river names, towns, Indian tribes, recent battlefields, Mayan ruins, etc.). Of the variants we have examined, the present version appears to be the most complete. ($4,000-8,000)


184. TANNER, H. S. A Map of the United States of Mexico, As Organized and Defined by the Several Acts of the Congress of that Republic Constructed from a Great Variety of Printed and Manuscript Documents by H. S. Tanner. Fourth Edition, 1847. N.p., [1847]. Pocket map. Lithographed map. 22-1/2 x 28-3/4 inches. Original full color. Large inset at lower left: Maps of the Roads &c from Veracruz & Alvarado to Mexico with inset table of distances above. Smaller inset at lower right: Harbor of Vera Cruz with inset statistical table above. Folded into pocket covers (16mo, original brown cloth stamped in gilt and blind). One short split at fold (no loss), covers slightly faded and with one old ink spot, very fine
        One of the many versions of the constantly evolving series of maps that created an international controversy following the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. This is the "Fourth edition" of Tanner's original map that first came out in 1825. Schwartz & Ehrenberg, pp. 276-77: "Lawrence Martin traces the origin of [Disturnell's Treaty Map, which passed through twenty-three editions between 1846 and 1858] to Henry S. Tanner's 1825 map of Mexico, which in turn had been copied and published in Spanish by the New York firm of White, Gallaher, and White in 1828. Disturnell reprinted the 1828 copy in 1846, changing the title, date, and name of publisher; other changes were made on the face of the map, particularly in the Great Basin region. The boundary of the United States is depicted as the Rio Grande in the east and the parallel of 32°15' north latitude in the west. This caused San Diego, which lies just north of this line, to be included in the California territory claimed by the United States. In 1848 the seventh state of the 1847 edition of this map was attached to the American copy of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo which brought to a close the two-year war with Mexico, and Added New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, California, and Utah to the United States." Wheat, Transmississippi West III:554 & p. 48 (see also II:364, pp. 89-90 for Wheat's comments on Tanner's original 1825 map): "All the Tanner maps of Mexico from 1825 to 1847...are chiefly important because they represent the original source of Disturnell's map." Texas stands out in its pastel blue coloring and in a conformation resembling the Emory but with traces of Arrowsmith. ($2,400-4,000)


185. BÆDEKER, J. Karte des Staates Texas (aufgenommen in die Union 1846.) nach der nueesten Eintheilung. Elberfeld: Julius Bædeker, 1849. Pocket map. Lithographed map. 11-1/2 x 14-1/4 inches. Original colored shading and outlining in red. Two insets at lower left: Plan von Neu-Braunfels und Comalstadt and Plan von Castroville. Hand-colored Lone Star flag at upper right. Folded into pocket covers with printed ads on endpaper giving notice of the publication of Viktor Bracht's book on Texas (in which the present map is sometimes found), Sealsfield's Cajütenbuch, etc. (16mo, original black cloth over drab blue boards with imprint Special-Karte von Texas.... Split at folds with a few miniscule losses. Very rare.
        Rare German colonization map of Texas. Taliaferro 294 (citing only a photostat): "Published to serve the prospective European immigrant to Texas, the map designates in color the colonies of Solms-Braunfels and Henri Castro. Organized counties are outlined in red. The inset plans of New Braunfels and Castroville are among the earliest cartographic records of those two towns." For more on Bracht's book that will provide background for the present map see also Basic Texas Books 21; Clark, Old South III:278; Howes B682; & Vandale 19. ($4,000-8,000)


186. KIEPERT, H. C. Mexico, Texas und Californien. Weimar, 1849. Engraved map laid on contemporary cartographical linen. 21-1/2 x 24-1/4 inches. Texas in original coloring with German colonies in red and blue, remainder of map with original outline coloring. Inset at lower left: Plateau von Mexico. Insert at upper right: Die Republiken von Central America.... At lower margin is a long profile of the Cordilleras. Uniform age-toning. Three old (if not original) German ink stamps at right. The Germans and Russians adored ink stamps and used them with abandon.
        Unrecorded by Wheat, who cites the 1851 edition (Gold Region 199 & Transmississippi West 723n: "Mostly copied from Frémont"). Texas is shown in the Emory conformation, and it really stands out, being the only geographical entity on the map to have full coloring. Rare. ($1,500-3,000)


187. STUART, F. D. & Charles Wilkes. A Correct Map from Actual Surveys and Examinations Embracing a Portion of California between Monterey and the Prairie Butes in the Valley of the Sacramento Shewing the Placeres 1849. Philadelphia: Lea & Blanchard, 1849. Lithographed map. 23-1/2 x 17 inches. Professionally deacidified, restored, and laid down on acid-free tissue, some careful repairs and a few small voids infilled with expert facsimile. Some browning and a few spots and stains.
        First printing. The map appeared in Wilkes' Western America (Philadelphia, 1849). Wheat, Gold Region 134; Transmississippi West 646 & pp. 90-91: "Stuart's excellent map...gave a good picture of the areas where gold was found, or was being discovered.... Wilkes' maps, though early 1849 in type, and requiring to be read in the light of what has been quoted, are enlightening now as then." ($600-900)


188. DISTURNELL, J. The Emigrant's Guide to New Mexico, California, Oregon: Giving the Different Overland and Sea Routes.... New York: John Disturnell, 1850. 20-3/4 x 19 inches. Pocket map & guide. viii, [3] 80 pp., folding lithographed map on onion-skin paper: SMITH, J. Calvin. Map of North America. New York: J. Disturnell, 1850. 21-1/4 x 19 inches. Original outline coloring. Inset map at lower left: Map of the Gold Region California. Irregular shape: 10 x 3 inches at top and 6-1/2 inches at bottom. Table of distances for sea routes at lower right and overland routes at upper right. Small (about a half inch) of lower portion of right border chipped (barely touching border and image, no appreciable lost), otherwise fine. The original map (silked and repaired) which accompanied the book is still in the guide, but the duplicate copy described first above has been supplied in order to make a superior copy. The original map is folded into the pocket covers (16mo, original green cloth stamped in gilt and blind). Pocket covers very fine and bright. Text detached from folder. Old red ink stamp of the Mercantile Library in New York and ink manuscript number in an early hand on title. Preserved in a half green morocco and cloth slipcase and chemise by James MacDonald.
        Third edition of the first guide to the routes from the East to New Mexico, California and Oregon, published as a response to the great interest in the California gold discoveries. The first edition came out in 1849; the second edition was published about a month later; in 1850, the present edition appeared. There are variations in the three editions, primarily the map, in this copy is the first printing of J. Calvin's Smith, incorporating the Gold Region additions set out by Wheat, with the boundary lines in red, but without the blue transcontinental routes indicated on the LC copy. The first edition lacks the description of the southern routes. Howell 50:59D: "Exceedingly rare... One of the scarcest editions of the Disturnell Guide." Howes D351 ("b"). Plains & Rockies IV:167a:3. Wheat, Gold Region 171; Transmississippi West 692.($2,000-4,000)


189. BACHE, A. D. Maps of the Straits of Florida and Mexico. Washington, 1852. Lithographed map. 26-1/2 x 34-1/2 inches. Original outline coloring. In a cloth folder for the Andrews report, with three other large-scale maps. Some breaks at folds, very fragile.
        See Martin & Martin 42 for the background on the important coastal survey that led to the publication of the above cited map which contains important advances on the cartography of the Gulf of Mexico. ($300-500)


190. STANFORD, Edward. The United States of North America. London, 1860. Pocket map. Engraved map in 8 sections on original cartographical linen. 12-1/4 x 15-1/4 inches. Full original and outline coloring. Slightly soiled. Folded into pocket covers (16mo, original plum cloth, printed paper label on upper cover, ads on pastedown and verso of one section. Cloth slightly faded.
        British pocket map of the United States—a pleasant little production. ($300-600)


191. COLTON, J. H. Colton's Map of the Southern States. Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. New York: J. H. Colton, 1863. Pocket map. Two lithographed sheets on onion-skin. The two together measuring 37-3/4 x 52-3/4 inches. Full color and bright rose outlining, very ornate grape-vine border. Insets at left (Southern Florida and Colton's Map of the United States Showing the Proposed Pacific Routes). Text at lower right giving population statistics. Ships plying the coastal waters. Folded into pocket folder (12mo, original purple cloth stamped in gilt and blind). A few short clean breaks at folds (no losses), and slight wear to pocket folder. Very fine, brilliant coloring and incredible detail.
        A grandiose Civil War map. ($1,200-2,200)


192. COLTON, J. H. Colton's New Topographical Map of the States of Virginia, Maryland & Delaware showing also Eastern Tennessee & Parts of Other Adjoining States, All the Fortifications, Military Stations, Rail Roads, & Other Internal Improvements.... New York: J. H. Colton, 1864. Pocket map. Lithographed map on onion-skin paper. 30-3/8 x 44-1/4 inches. Full original color, bright rose outline color, very ornate grape-vine border. Inset text at right giving statistics on the states. Ships plying the coastal waters. Folded into pocket folder (16mo, original dark teal cloth stamped in gilt and blind). A few clean breaks at folds, overall very fine.
        Another of the handsome Colton Civil War maps, as above, brilliantly colored and with remarkable detail. ($1,000-3,000)


193. COLTON, G. W. & C. B. Richardson's New Map of the State of Texas Corrected for the Texas Almanac to 1867. New York, 1867. Lithographed map on onion-skin paper. 15-3/4 x 25-1/4 inches. Original full color, vine border. Insets at lower right of Sabine Lake and Galveston Bay. Lower left inset of Plan of the Great West. Upper left inset of the Panhandle. Clean splits at folds (no losses & easily repairable). Crisp and bright.
        Another of Colton's fine productions, this one prepared to accompany the 1867 Texas almanac published by Richardson. These maps were published separately as an option for buyers of the almanac to purchase; they are seldom found with the almanacs. Basic Texas Books 17K (citing the almanac but not the map). See also Howes T138. Day, p. 78. ($1,000-3,000)


194. WILSON, Jos. S. (for U. S. General Land Office). Map of the United States and Territories Showing the Extent of Public Surveys and Other Details Constructed from the Plats and Official Sources of the General Land Office.... [Washington], 1867. Lithographed map on contemporary cartographic cotton. 28 x 55-1/2 inches. Full color. Fine, in early plain dark green cloth covers.
        Wheat, Transmississippi West 1168: "Large view of the no means so up-to-date as Colton and Keeler.... The name of 'Death Valley' has not yet been accepted by the General Land office, and Tahoe is called by the older name, Lake Bigler.... The showing of public surveys indicates for the first time the intention to do something for Idaho and Arizona, if not yet in Montana.... The map has the usual showing of mineral resources, west of the 100th meridian. Flags mark the progress of the three transcontinental railroads." ($300-600)


195. WATSON, Gaylord. Watson's New Map of the Western States, Territories, Mexico, and Central America. New York, 1869. Pocket map. Engraved map on onion-skin paper. 37 x 28-3/4 inches. Original full color (including pale blue oceans), bright rose outline coloring. Vignettes at top of star, U.S. flag, and the new and old national seals. Inset text on rivers at top right. Inset of Central America at lower left. Two large engravings of ships. Folded into pocket covers (16mo, original gilt-lettered black cloth with bright yellow ads on pastedown). Spine of pocket folder worn, otherwise fine, the map exceptionally fine and with vivid (if not slightly garish) coloring.
        Not in Wheat or Phillips. Wheat (Transmississippi West 1174) observes that Watson took inspiration from Keeler's great 1867 map for his own 1867 railroad map, and the present map demonstrates the same expansiveness, detail, and attention to transportation, illustration railroad lines, proposed routes, overland mail routes, steamships, etc. The detail within Texas is excellent. ($1,000-2,000)


196. CHILTON, F. B. Latest Map of Texas Published by the Immigration Bureau of the State of Texas. Chicago, 1888. Machine printed map. 30-5/8 x 32 inches. Large folding map, inset of the new capitol, other illustrations, extensive text.
        Rare promotional. Day, p. 110. ($300-600)


197. LUCKHARDT, W. G. Official Private Surveys Mariposa County California Showing Patented Mining Claims, and the Water Sheds. San Francisco, 1896. Blueprint map. 26 x 33 inches. Folded. Fine.
        An unusual map showing Yosemite National Park Reservation to the north, individual landowners and claims, extensive list of patented mines. ($600-900)


198. SABINE LAND AND IMPROVEMENT COMPANY. Map of Sabine Pass, Texas, and Vicinity 1897. N.p., [1897]. Engraved map. 13-1/2 x 10 inches. Water passages shaded in pale blue. Another map on verso: Map of Railroad Lines Leading to Sabine Pass. 14 x 10 inches. Full color. Shows the region from North Dakota to the Texas coast and Northern Mexico. Fine.
        Another rare promotional with extensive text on the proposed project and the two large-scale colored maps. The map of Sabine Pass is on a very large scale, and shown are town plans of Sabine Pass and Port Arthur, railroad lines, farm lands, soundings, channel improvement, etc. Checking OCLC and RLIN, we find only the copy at the University of Houston. ($1,000-2,000)