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Pingenot Auction, Lot 120


120. GARCÍA, Gregorio. Origen de los Indios de el Nuevo Mundo, e Indias Occidentales.... Madrid: Francisco Martínez Abad, 1729. [32] 336 [80] pp. (printed in double column, numerous side notes), engraved vignette on title depicting Native Americans greeting European ships, large engraving of St. Thomas of Aquinas and another small engraving in preliminaries, several text engravings, numerous woodcut vignettes, initials. Small folio, contemporary full vellum over thick boards, gilt spine with raised bands and tan morocco label. Other than slight marginal worming at end (mainly affecting upper blank margins), otherwise a very very, crisp copy, the beautiful binding in an excellent state of preservation. Terracotta cloth slipcase.
         Second and best edition, with considerable additions and notes by the learned González Barcia (the original edition printed at Valencia in 1607 is a great rarity). Borba de Moraes I:295. Cowan, p. 229. Field 586: "Author spent 20 years as a missionary among the Indians of America, and applied himself with the greatest zeal to the study of the antiquities of the country." JCB (3)2:44 (quoting Charlevoix): "All that has ever been imagined as to the origin of the American, and the manner in which this New World was peopled, is gathered here." Medina 2713. Palau 93007. Pilling 1404: "Numerous Mexican words throughout, particularly pp. 232-316, where the manners, customs, languages, &c., of various nations of the Old World are compared with those of the Mexicans and Peruvians." Streeter Sale I:33n: "Garcia epitomized all the contemporary theories on the origin of the aboriginal Americans, supplying in great detail the various arguments in the great philosophical speculation that was produced by the discovery of America." See also, Wagner, Spanish Southwest, p. 184 (includes Native Americans of the Spanish Southwest and California). Book V contains the various native accounts of their origins.