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123. GLASS, E. L. N. The History of the Tenth
Cavalry 1866-1921. Tucson: Acme Printing Company, 1921.
145 pp., tipped-in frontispiece, illustrations. 8vo,
original black flexible cloth with gilt title and embossed
buffalo crest on front cover. Very fine.
First edition. Frontispiece in color of 10th Cavalry buffalo crest with motto "Ready and Forward" on a ribbon underneath. See Lamar, p. 468 and 819. Graff 1571. Not in Decker, Eberstadt, Howes, etc. Pingenot: After the Civil War, the 10th Cavalry was organized when Congress provided for four black regiments, two cavalry and two infantry, in the reorganization bill of 1866. The two cavalry regiments, to be composed of Negro privates and noncommissioned officers under white commissioned officers, were primarily for service against hostile Indians of the western plains. Colonel Benjamin Grierson formed and trained the 10th Cavalry Regiment at Fort Leavenworth at a time when many white officers were opposed to Negro troops. Headquartered at Fort Riley, the Tenth compiled an excellent record in Kansas against the Cheyennes. Later, operating out of Fort Sill, the "buffalo soldiers" fought the Kiowas and Comanche Indians in Texas. The Tenth played an important role in Arizona and New Mexico in the campaign to capture the Apache chief, Victorio. Glass, himself an officer with the Tenth, also records the regiments combat service in Cuba and the Philippines, along with its participation in the Punitive Expedition in Mexico in 1916. In all, six members of the Tenth were awarded the Medal of Honor. Appendix A lists the engagements of the regiment and brief extracts from the Regimental Returns. A little-known and very rare regimental history, and especially important for studies of the military contributions of blacks in the cavalry.