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Pingenot Auction, Lot 216


216. [MEXICO (Republic). LAWS (January 27, 1838)]. NUEVO LEON. GOVERNOR (Joaquín García). [Reissue of decree of Congreso general, approved by Anastasio Bustamante January 27, 1838, authorizing in seven articles the Banco Nacional de Amortización to make a loan of six million pesos, of which three-fourths of the proceeds are to be used for the expenses of the Texan war. With heading]: Gobierno del Departamento de Nuevo Leon. Circular. [Dated and signed in type at end]: Monterrey 17 de Febrero de 1838. Joaquin Garcia. Pedro del Valle. Secretario. 1 p., folio broadside. Stained and with some short marginal tears and chipping (not affecting text). With original ink rubrics of the Governor of the Mexican state of Nuevo León, Joaquín Garcia and Secretary Pedro del Valle. Official ink manuscript notation for Linares, and other official signatures on verso.
         This is the Nuevo León issue of Streeter’s entry 939 (locating only two copies of the Mexico City issue and not even mentioning the present Monterrey, Mexico imprint). In my opinion, the Nuevo León issue of this decree (issued three weeks after the Mexico City issue) is much more desirable, with infinitely more resonance, than the Mexico City printing of the decree. The present imprint—apparently the only copy surviving—is truly a fugitive leaf from the pages of borderlands history. Following the Battle of San Jacinto and the formal establishment of the government of the Republic of Texas, peace was anything but peaceful. The central government of Mexico aspired to re-invade Texas, and the trouble for Mexico did not stop short at the border, spilling into the northern Mexican states. Mexico was very concerned about the attempts of Mexican Federalists in the north (under Antonio Canales, Juan Pablo de Anaya, and José Urrea) to set up a government independent of Mexico for the northeastern states of Mexico bordering on the Rio Grande—what would shortly become known as the Republic of the Rio Grande (see Handbook of Texas Online: Republic of Rio Grande). Not surprisingly, this cause evinced a keen interest in some Texans (most notably Colonel Reuben Ross and Samuel W. Jordan).
         This decree relates to funding a military campaign to quell both the Texans and their recalcitrant brothers in northeast Mexico. President Bustamante declares: "El Banco pondrá inmediatamente á disposicion del Gobierno los caudales que negocie en virtud de la presente authorizacion, y el Gobierno, consignará exclusivamente tres cuartas partes á lo menos de dichos caudales, á los gastos que origine la guerra de Tejas, el sostenimiento de la integridad territorial, y la defensa de las Costas y Fronteras de la República." The following year Bustamante was compelled to issue an apologia for this campaign (see Streeter 941).