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Pingenot Auction, Lot 217


217. MEXICO (Republic). LEGACIÓN (United States). Gorostiza Pamphlet. Message from the President of the United States, Transmitting a Copy and Translation of a Pamphlet, in the Spanish Language, Printed and Circulated by the Late Minister from Mexico before His Departure from the United States &c. Washington: HRED190, 1838. 120 pp., engraved map: Sketch of a Part of the Boundary between Mexico & the United States, as Far as the Red River (approximately sheet size [no neatline]): 13.1 x 11.6 cm; 5-1/4 x 8-7/8 inches. 8vo, new terracotta cloth, black gilt-lettered leather label. Very fine.
         First edition in English (the first edition, a Spanish-language edition, was printed in Philadelphia in 1836 and contained the same map as in the present edition); another edition appeared in Mexico in 1837; a French translation was published in Paris in 1837). Howes G6 (citing only the Spanish edition and French editions): "Earliest [map] of the Republic of Texas." Raines, p. 95 (also unaware of this English-language edition). Streeter 1220C. The map is a decidedly simple, sparse rendering, focusing on the eastern boundary of Texas and the Gulf of Mexico only as far west as the Neches River. This bilingual edition contains correspondence relative to General Gaines’ military occupation of northeast Texas from the Sabine to Nacogdoches for the announced purpose of checking Indian depredations. It appears, however, that Gaines acted more at the request of Stephen F. Austin than U.S. authorities as he remained at Nacogdoches while the new Texas government became organized. This affair led to the breaking of diplomatic relations by Mexico with the U.S. until 1839.