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Pingenot Auction, Lot 218



218. MEXICO (Republic). LAWS. [Law of the Congreso general approved by President Guadalupe Victoria on October 25, 1828, promulgated the same day by Juan de Dios Cañedo, with printed heading]: Primera Secretaria de Estado. Departamento del Interior Sección 1a. [article 2 commencing]: 2. Los ciudadanos que concurrieren á tales reuniones despues de la publicacin de esta ley, sufrirán por primera vez la pena de suspensión de sus derechos por un año; de dos por la segunda; y de confinación á una de las Californias por la tercera, por término de cuatro años. Si los confinados reincidieren, serán espulsados de la república por dos años.... Mexico, October 25, 1828. 1 p., folio broadside. Left margin slightly uneven where removed from a legajo, else very fine.
         First printing. Lathrop Harper (Catalogue 12:42) offered the Tlalpam printing of this decree ca. 1961 commenting: "Forbids all ‘clandestine’ meetings and organizations during the current political upheavals and prescribes penalties for those caught in such activities, including exile to ‘one of the Californias’." The Eberstadts (158:42) offered the present printing in 1958 for $200, describing it thus: "Decrees for regulating immigration into California, 1828," but the decree seems to be more concerned with the conduct of citizens and foreigners in Mexico and its provinces, which then included Texas and California. Mexico was a seething hotbed of political unrest at that time, both in the interior and its far-flung provinces, particularly Texas. What is most interesting about this decree is that apparently a severe form of punishment at that time was considered to be exile to Alta or Baja California.