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Pingenot Auction, Lot 243


243. PARKER, A. A. Trip to the West and Texas: Comprising a Journey of Eight Thousand the Autumn and Winter 1834-5...With a Brief Sketch of the Texian War. Concord: William White; Boston: Benjamin B. Mussey, 1836. 380 pp., wood-engraved frontispiece (Prairie on Fire), 2 full-page untitled wood-engraved illustrations (wild horses and hunting deer), folding engraved unattributed map with original pale yellow shading to grants: Texas (19.4 x 25.2 cm; 7-5/8 x 9-7/8 inches), scale: 1 inch = approximately 80 miles. 16mo, original blind-stamped plum cloth, gilt pictorial spine depicting Lone Star flag with the word INDEPENDENCE printed upside down (rebacked, original spine preserved). The map should be restored, as it is slightly soiled, with a few splits at folds, and a few old repairs). Binding slightly worn and faded and a few minor spots, early ink-lettered label on front pastedown, contemporary ink ownership signature on title, and contemporary pencil note on p. 333 about Albert Martin, Alamo defender and one of the "Old Eighteen" defenders at Gonzales: "These eighteen men were commanded by Albert Martin, son of Jos. S. Martin of Providence—Albert was afterwards at St. Antonio, under Col Travis, and was murdered with the rest of the Garrison by the Mexicans."
         Second and best edition of the book, with the additional text on the Texas Revolution (56 pp.) and the added frontispiece. The first edition was published at Concord in 1835, with no map and two plates (with captions Shooting Deer and Wild Horses; in this second edition, those plates are uncaptioned). Basic Texas Books 159A: "The [56-page ‘Sketch of the Texian Revolution’] was one of the earliest accounts of the war in a book." Clark, Old South III:82. Graff 3184 (with only two plates and an unattributed map of Texas that measures 19.1 x 15.5 cm; scale: 1 inch = approximately 80 miles): "The second and better edition. The map is not found in all copies." Howes P74. Jenkins Catalogue (The Texas Revolution) 188:169: "The gilt Lone star flag on [the] spine [is] the first pictorial representation of the Lone Star of Texas." Phillips, Sporting Books 286. Plains & Rockies IV::57a:2. Raines, pp. 161-62: "One of the earliest descriptions of Texas in English." Streeter 1172A (calling for a folding colored map entitled Texas by Nathl Dearborn & Son, Engraver & Printer Boston, 19.0 x 26.0 cm, scale: 1 inch = approximately 72 miles): "Because this is one of the earliest travel books written in English about Texas, it is of great value."
         The map is a rare and variant feature of this second edition. One is fortunate to find a map in this book at all (only three copies of the book have appeared at auction going back to 1975, two lacked the map, and one had only a portion of the map), possibly indicating that the addition of a map to the second addition was an afterthought. We have seen three different maps with this book: (1) the Dearborn map described in Streeter’s 1172A, (2) an 1836 issue of the important Mitchell-Young map of Texas (see Streeter 1178), and (3) the present map, which is copied very closely from the 1835 Bradford map of Texas. Comparing the Parker-[Bradford] map with a copy we have in hand of the Bradford map (labeled 64.A.) from Bradford’s 1835 atlas, we find a few differences. The paper with the Parker-[Bradford] map is thin, and in the atlas version, the paper is quite thick. The southern border of the Parker-[Bradford] map is about a half degree further north than shown in the Bradford atlas map. The Parker-[Bradford] map does not locate Camargo, El Rincon, and Laguna de Santander, which are shown on the Bradford atlas map. The captions for Tamaulipas and "Mustangs or Wild Horses" have been moved slightly north and west. On the Parker-[Bradford] map, the caption "Longitude West from London" is in the center of the lower border; the caption "Longitude West from Washington" is in the center of the upper border—whereas in the Bradford atlas map these designations are to the left. The grants on the Parker-[Bradford] map are shaded pale yellow; on the Bradford atlas map, they are outlined in various colors. If anyone ever prepares a much-needed cartobibliography of the Bradford Texas maps, the present map should be included in that analysis.