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Progress, and Prospects of the Republic of Texas

(London, 1841).

Martin & Martin,


& Martin,

Maps of Texas and the Southwest, 1513-1900

#32: “A new map of the Republic of

Texas [with] up-to-date information [including] an accurate depiction of boundaries

and river systems and the latest developments in its political divisions... Arrowsmith’s

map was probably the


rst to show the full extent of Texas’ claim to the upper Rio

Grande.... As one of the earliest maps to contain information from the General Land



ce of Texas, the map located Indian tribes,

major roadways, and included editorial

comments for the bene


t of the future traveler to Texas, such as ‘excellent land,’ ‘valuable

land,’ ‘rich land,’ and ‘delightful country.’” Streeter 1385 (this issue; see Streeter 1373 for


rst issue). Taliaferro, p. 15.


Mapping the Transmississippi


#451 (citing present

issue) & pp. 173-74: “This is a landmark for its delineation of the pioneer counties of the

State, as well as for its inclusion of Le Grand’s ‘exploration’ in what is now the Panhandle

and beyond.”


10. [MAP].

DE CORDOVA, J[acob] & Robert Creuzbaur.


De Cordova’s

Map of the

State of Texas Compiled from the Records of the General Land O


ce of the State, by Robert


Houston, 1854

. Inset text at upper left:

Reference to Land Districts.

Lower left:



cial certi


cation with facsimile signatures of De Cordova, Sam Houston, et al. and

pictorial seals of the State of Texas and the Texas General Land O


ce. Lower right inset:

Untitled oval

map of the Transmississippi

West (16 x 20.3 cm; 6


x 8 inches). Engraved

map in original full color. 58 x 54 cm (22

x 21


inches). The map bears an ink manu-

script note of certi


cation by Theophilus Kramer and a few other of his ink notations

locating gold, silver, and pearls in Texas. The map came to us framed with the following

curious accumulation of items: (1) Document signed by French revolutionist


milien Robespierre, dated May 11, 1794; (2) 7 engraved nineteenth-century prints from

an illustrated English periodical (railroad, lighthouse, ship, etc.); (3) 5 printed labels, one

of which is dated 1860 and seems to indicate that Ignatzius Kirner of No. 3 Second

Street—New York acted as an agent for Kramer, perhaps for his medications; the other

4 labels are for Kramer’s bizarre patent medications (

Choctaw Pearls


Anti-Cholera and





Electro-Magnetic Liniment...A Superior Remedy for Chronic

Rheumatism and Neuralgia


Indian Wa-A-Hoo Bark Stomach Cordial...Especially for the



We have not been able to determine how these extraneous materials might relate

to De Cordova (other than to conclude that speculations relating to Texas, now as ever,

are rampant and imaginative); we have chosen to retain the extra material with the map

should someone wish to research the matter. This map came into our hands in rough

condition, but it has now been professionally conserved. The three layers of material in

the frame were separated and gently cleaned and deacidi


ed by hand. The map, which

was split at folds, has been laid down on acid-free Japanese tissue, and tears have been

repaired. There are a few small voids at old splits and some age-toning and oxidation.

Full conservation report available upon request. The map is trimmed close at borders

(small losses of line border at all four corners), age-toned, and with occasional


staining and creasing. All editions of De Cordova’s map are exceedingly rare in com-

merce, especially the present edition.

This 1854 edition of De Cordova’s important and valuable Texas map was the last

published version before he sold the rights to J.

H. Colton of New York (this 1854 edi-

tion was the last to have a Texas imprint). The present map is smaller in format than the

other editions of De Cordova’s important map of Texas, which


rst appeared in 1849.

The other editions of




measure approximately 88.2 x 84 cm.

Numerous changes and additions were made to this 1854 edition, and the oval

map of

the Transmississippi

West now re


ects the Compromise of 1850 and other geo-political


Regarding the historical importance of De Cordova’s

map of Texas:

Basic Texas


38n: “Sam Houston delivered a speech praising the map on the


oor of the U.S.

Senate...assert[ing] that it was `the most correct and authentic map of Texas ever com-


Fifty Texas Rarities

36n (citing the 1849 issue): “Only nineteen years separate

this map and Stephen F. Austin’s, yet the contrast between the two is striking. During

those years, Texas had been a part of

Mexico, an independent republic, and a state of

the U.S.” Martin & Martin,

Maps of Texas and the Southwest, 1513-1900

#39: “De Cordova

employed Robert Creuzbaur, and employee of the General Land O


ce, assist him in

compiling a new map of Texas for publication in 1849, and their map was one of the


rst major cartographic productions after annexation to be based upon the records of

the General Land O



With the political geography of the state changing almost

daily, the map became an important document for immigration into Texas, particu-

larly since the recent termination of the war with Mexico had permanently secured the

Texas boundary”;

Contours of


y, p. 57: “To meet the needs of new immigrants

coming into the state, roads and rivers as well as the political divisions were carefully


Regarding the rarity of the 1854 edition of De Cordova’s map, Yale owns Streeter’s

photocopy of the New York Public Library copy of the 1854 edition.

We trace no other

institutional holdings for the 1854 edition, other than the New York Public Library copy.

However, we know of another copy in private hands. The Texas State Library owns

copies of the editions of 1851, 1856, 1866, and 1872. The Center for American History at

the University of Texas at Austin does not own a copy of the 1854 edition, nor does the

University of Texas at Arlington. The Rosenberg Library in Galveston owns three edi-

tions (1849, 1851, and 1856), but not this 1854 edition. The Library of Congress has edi-

tions of 1849, 1851, 1853, 1856, and 1857. James Day in his biography of De Cordova care-

fully sets out the various editions of De Cordova’s map but does not mention this 1854

edition. Someone should publish a new biography of De Cordova with a complete cart

bibliography of the various incarnations of his Texas map, a full-size color reproduction

of each, and a comparative analysis.

Regarding the cartographer: “Jacob de Cordova came to Texas in 1837 and quickly

became one of the new republic’s most active promoters.

He was responsible for a num-

ber of in


uential pamphlets and guidebooks.

Hoping to cash in on the expected land

boom following the Mexican War,

De Cordova commissioned Robert Creuzbaur, an

employee of the Texas General Land



ce, to compile this

map from the agency’s

records. The result is a very accurate and detailed map. Texas is shown in extremely large

scale, with counties colored. De Cordova follows Austin’s format in omitting all of Texas

west of the hundred and


rst meridian from his map. Creuzbaur followed Austin’s for-

mat and used an inset to show the western part of the state” (Taliaferro 295). For more

information on De Cordova, consult the

Handbook of Texas Online


Why De Cordova published this 1854 edition and why it is so rare is a mystery that

remains to be solved by a quali


ed researcher.

We can only engage in idle speculation,

but perhaps De Cordova decided to create one last edition of his map before he sold the

rights to Colton. And perhaps De Cordova intended to use the present map in his Texas

promotional ventures and publications. Certainly a smaller format version would be

more convenient for folding into a pamphlet or book.