[GUADALUPE HIDALGO, TREATY OF]. Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Limits, and Settlement, Between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic. Dated at Guadalupe Hidalgo, 2d February, 1848. Ratified by the President U.S., 16th March, 1848. Exchanged at Queretaro, 30th May, 1848. Proclaimed by the President U.S., 4th July, 1848. [wrapper title]. [Washington, 1848]. [1-3] 4-21  pp., printed in parallel columns in Spanish and English, on pale blue paper. Folio (32 x 20.5 cm), original stitching. Lacks small portion of lower right corner, two leaves with right margin chipped, p  with scattered stains. Contemporary ink provenance dated New York, September 20, 1849. Rare in commerce.
First U.S. edition. Garrett & Goodwin, p. 91. Streeter Sale 285.
The official printing of the final text of the landmark treaty. The full text appears in both English and Spanish, in parallel columns. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo resulted in the formal cession of the entire Southwest and California to the United States and made other provisions, such as the withdrawal of U.S. troops and indemnification payments to Mexico.
A fundamental piece of Americana, this is one of the most difficult American treaties to find in the original printing.