[MAP]. MITCHELL, Samuel Augustus (publisher). Map of Mexico, Including Yucatan & Upper California, Exhibiting the Chief Cities and Towns, The Principal Travelling Routes &c. Philadelphia: Published by S. Augustus Mitchell N.E. Corner of Market and Seventh Sts. 1848. Entered Accordg. to Act of Congress in the Year 1847 by S. Augustus Mitchell, in the Clerk’s Office of the Dist Court of the Eastern Dist. of Pennsylva.; [inset plan on pink ground at top right, 15.1 x 16.4 cm] Battle Field of Monterey; [inset map below main map, with Mexican eagle and principal road marked in red, 20 x 59.8 cm] Map of the Principal Roads from Vera Cruz and Alvarado to the City of Mexico, Including the Valley of Mexico, Mountains, Plains, Volcanoes, Lakes, &c. Compiled from the Latest and Best Authorities. By Geo. Stealey, Civil Engineer...; [elevation profile with table at right showing altitude at which various crops flourish, 17 x 59.8 cm] Profile of the Road between Mexico and Vera Cruz; flags marking battlefields of the Alamo, San Jacinto, Resaca de la Palma, Palo Alto, Monterey, and Cerro Gordo. Lithograph map within decorative border, original hand-coloring with brilliant red outline coloring around Texas in its Emory conformation with greatly extended Panhandle, border yellow, pink shading to battle plan at top, Mexico in full color. Border to border: 81.5 x 59 cm, overall sheet size: 82.2 x 60.3 cm, folded into original green roan pocket covers (13.5 x 8.3 cm), elaborately blind embossed on both covers; corners lightly bumped. Lettered in gilt on upper cover: MEXICO; printed leaf affixed to verso of upper cover: Extent and Population of Mexico. Several neatly closed minor fold tears, minor browning at some folds, light stain at lower right, otherwise very fine in the desirable pocket covers, with original vivid coloring, and in much better condition than usually found.
Third edition. Rumsey 4594. Streeter Sale 3869. TCU, Going to Texas: Five Centuries of Texas Maps, Plate 32, pp. 70-72. Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Region 35.
This is the expanded, most complete, and final edition of a Mexican-American War map that enlarged in size and detail as the war progressed. In this revised and enlarged edition the battle plan has been redrawn with a new title and showing less area east of the city. Also added is the Map of the Principal Roads from Vera Cruz and Alvarado to the City of Mexico and profile below, but indicating longitude 8.7 to 11.9 (earlier edition indicates 8.5 to 12.1); area shown, however, is the same. In the present version, many place names have been added (such as Yerba Buena in California), as well as additional battle flags. The first issue is thought to have had the inset map at upper right uncolored. This map is a simplified, adapted version of Mitchell’s well-known 1846 New Map of Texas, Oregon and California with the Regions Adjoining.
At the time, Mitchell was among the leading map publishers in the United States. The present map is one of a series of popular maps cartographical publisher Mitchell began to publish at the outbreak of the Mexican-American War. As soon as the conflict was underway, Mitchell saw that there would be a demand for maps detailing the events in this far-off corner of the continent, so he quickly came out with a folded map of Mexico with Texas boldly shown with a red outline in its relative position, its panhandle extending to the 42nd parallel. The map was very much a war map, with topographical information kept to a minimum, but roads, towns, political divisions, and rivers clearly shown. Mitchell updated this map as news of events arrived, adding, for instance, flags indicating the sites of recent battles and other details such as rivers, towns, tribes, and Mayan ruins.