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Crime and Punishment—Imposition of Martial Law

<p>Order 20</p>


[MARTIAL LAW]. UNITED STATES. ARMY. GENERAL ORDERS. Four general orders imposing martial law in Tampico, Puebla, and Mexico City. All are very rare.

[1] Cuartel General Del Ejercito. Tampico 19 de febrero de 1847. Ordenes generales 20. Imprenta de la calle de la Carnicería núm. 12. Broadside in two columns: 27.4 x 19.5 cm. Left edge irregularly trimmed, otherwise fine.

First edition. Garrett & Goodwin, pp. 500-501.

This broadside notifies the Mexican people of the dictates of martial law under U.S. occupation, naming in twelve separate directives the crimes which are punishable under U.S. law, such as murder, rape, assault, robbery, desecration of churches, destruction of public or private property, etc., but not covered under the existing army code. These include crimes committed by members of the U.S. army or against them. Printed the day after General Scott landed at Tampico in preparation for his successful siege of Veracruz. Provision 12 makes it obvious that there was also a version in English.

The first imposition of martial law on a Mexican city by Scott.

[2] Headquarters of the Army, Puebla, Mexico, June 26, 1847. General Orders 190. [1] 2-4 pp. 12mo (20.5 x 13.5 cm), disbound. Left margin irregular, splitting at gutter margin, tear in first leaf (no losses), upper margin chipped. On paper embossed Bath. Signed by H.L. Scott.

First edition thus. Eberstadt, p. 69. Garrett & Goodwin, p. 388.

A version in English of No. 1 above, but here with added material, such as preventing the selling of military materials to Mexicans.

[3] Cuartel General del Ejercito. Palacio Nacional de Mexico, 17 de septbre. de 1847. Orden general 287. [1] 2-4 pp. 12mo (21.5 x 16 cm), disbound, untrimmed. Very fine. With contemporary Mexican docket in p. [1]: “Ejercito americano prevenciones generales.”

First edition in Spanish.

A revised edition of No. 1 above, here with added provisions, including one requiring a forced contribution of 150,000 pesos to support the army.

[4] Headquarters of the Army, National Palace of Mexico, Sept. 17, 1847. General Orders 287. [1] 2-4 pp. 12mo (20 x 14 cm), disbound. Left margin irregular and with old stitching holes. Signed by H.L. Scott.

First edition in English. Eberstadt, p. 70. Garrett & Goodwin, p. 390.

An edition in English of No. 3 above. Scott wasted no time issuing this order. He had been in the city only a few days.


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