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In the Aftermath

<p>Item [2]</p>


[MEXICAN ARMY]. SANTA-ANNA, Antonio López de. Two decrees issued after the war reflecting corrections to actions at the time.

[1] SANTA-ANNA, Antonio López de. Ministerio de Guerra y Marina. Seccion central. [Mexico City, 1853]. Dated in type June 16, 1853. Broadside: 31.5 x 21 cm. Wrinkled, moderately stained.

First edition.

President Santa-Anna grants amnesty “to all military personnel who were voluntary prisoners of the foreign invaders in the years 1846, 1847, and 1848.” The one hitch in his magnanimity is that to receive the amnesty the ex-P.O.W.s must report for duty with the army “along the northern frontier.”

[2] SANTA-ANNA, Antonio López de. Ministerio de Guerra y Marina. Seccion orgánica. [Mexico City, 1853]. Dated in type November 14, 1853. Broadside: 32 x 21.5 cm. Old stab holes in left margin, upper left corner chipped, otherwise fine. With contemporary manuscript ink number 48 in upper right corner.

First edition.

Grants honors to the Batallón Activo de San Blas for its bravery at Chapultepec and promotes its commander, Felipe Santiago Xicoténcatl, who died in the action, to full colonel.

Xicoténcatl (1805?-1847) was a descendant of Tlaxcaltecans, and his battalion bravely resisted repeated assaults by Pillow’s division and others before being overwhelmed by General Worth’s reinforcements, the entire action leaving alive only twenty Mexican soldiers of the original 632 and decimating as well Los Niños Héroes, the military academy cadets who fought alongside them. After being wounded, Xicoténcatl was wrapped in his battalion’s flag and carried to a nearby chapel, where he died. The flag is now displayed at the Castle of Chapultepec. He also fought in the battles of Angostura and Cerro Gordo. A town in Tamaulipas is named after him.

With: El coronel Felipe Santiago Xicontencatl y la Batalla de Chapultepec, 1847-1947. Tlaxcala, 1947. [1-12] 13-56 [6] pp. 8vo (19.5 x 14.5 cm), original wrappers.

A laudatory publication honoring the hero.


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