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[MEXICO CITY, BATTLE OF]. URREA, José. El Comandante Gral. de los Estados Internos de Oriente, General en Gefe de la Division de Observacion, á los ciudadanos de los mismos estados. Tula, 1847. Dated September 11, 1847. Broadside: 31 x 21.3 cm. Very fine.

First edition. Eberstadt 928. Garrett & Goodwin, p. 503. Harper 357. Streeter Sale 274.

“Urrea breaks the news to the people of the Eastern Provinces that troops under Santa Anna had met with reverses on the 20th (Churubusco). He assures the people that only honorable terms will be agreed to and asks for confidence in the government and a united front against its enemies” (Streeter). He explains that armistice or treaty terms are being discussed, which he describes as perfectly normal events in warfare. He goes on to urge the populace to greater patriotism and to express confidence that Mexico will eventually triumph. Of course, this announcement is ironic because fighting had already resumed and Mexico City would fall in just a few days.

Urrea (1797-1849) was one of the very successful officers in the 1836 Texas campaign. Based in Tula during the Mexican-American War, he was often instrumental in harassing and interrupting Taylor’s supply lines, including the infamous Ramos Massacre.


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