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As If Texas Weren’t Bad Enough


[NATIVE AMERICANS]. GARCÍA CONDE, Francisco. Francisco Garcia Conde, General en Gefe de la Quinta Division del Ejército a los habitantes de los Departamentos de Durango, Chihuahua y Nuevo-México. Durango: Imprenta del Gobierno á Cargo de M. González, 1845. Broadside: 21 x 28 cm. Dated in type Durango, May 10, 1845. Small areas of insect damage in upper left margin, a few small worm holes touching two letters, slight marginal chipping. Rare. No copies on OCLC.

First edition.

Conde outlines ambitious plans to combine army and civilian defense into a method to stop Native-American raids into the area: “Feliz yo mil veces, si mientras resisto a las fronteras el furor de nuestros enemigos, crece el arbol de la libertad y de la civilizacion a cuya sombra vengan a descansar tambien nuestros guerreros.”

Native-American raids were intimately entangled with the Texas problem, because Mexico suspected Texans were allowing or even encouraging such raids, if not carrying them out themselves. The raids actually increased after Texas independence. This problem showed up prominently in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo but was not eliminated until years after the war ended. Excellent borderlands material.


Sold. Hammer: $650.00; Price Realized: $796.25.

Auction 24 Abstracts

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