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Mexico’s First War President

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[PAREDES Y ARRILLAGA, MARIANO]. Two documents concerning this Mexican president.

[1] El ciudadano Luis Gonzaga de Chavarri, intendente honorable de ejercito vocal de la exma. Asamblea del Departamento de Mexico, y Gobernador interino del mismo. [Mexico City, 1846]. Dated in type June 12, 1846, and June 13, 1846. Broadside: 43.5 x 32 cm. Creased where formerly folded with small fold splits, right margin slightly wrinkled and stained, small hole affecting a few letters. Overall, good.

Second edition. Garrett & Goodwin, p. 465.

Announces the election of Parades y Arrillaga as interim president and Nicolas Bravo as vice president. Paredes y Arrillaga had seized power in January, 1846 from Herrera but was deposed August 6, 1846, to make way for the return of Santa-Anna.

[2] El Ciudadano Luis Gonzago de Chavarri, intendente honorario de ejército, vocal de la exma. Asamblea de Mexico, y Gobernador interino del mismo. [Mexico City, 1846]. Dated in type July 6, 1846, and July 7, 1846. Broadside: 32 x 22 cm. Old stab holes in left margin, somewhat irregularly trimmed, but otherwise fine.

Second edition. Harper 12:230.

A defiant message in which the president announces that Mexico will repel American aggression, will fill up the army, and that the nation has no choice but to use every possible means to repel the aggression. A war-like statement indicative of Paredes y Arrillaga’s attitude towards war with the Americans once the conflict had begun.


Paredes y Arrillaga (1797-1849) was involved in plot and counter-plot and march and counter-march during his entire military career. He was twice exiled. He was Santa-Anna’s enemy and deathly opposed to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.


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