PEÑA Y PEÑA, Manuel de la. Manifiesto del exmo. Sr. Presidente provisional D. Manuel de la Peña y Peña, a la Republica Mejicana publicado á su entrada en la capital del estado soberano de Queretaro el dia 13 de octubre de 1847. Querétaro: I. de F. Frías c. de la Flor-baja n. 5,  [wrapper title].  2-8 pp. 12mo (20 x 12 cm), original tan printed wrappers, typographical border, stitched. Very fine.
First edition. Garrett & Goodwin, p. 88. Harper 12:365. Palau 217560.
After the Mexican government was driven from the capital city by the conquering United States forces, they took refuge in Querétaro, where from then until the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Congress held its sessions. Peña y Peña became president eleven days after the U.S. occupation of Mexico City; Santa-Anna relinquished the office on September 16. Peña y Peña presented this inaugural address, a very important publication, on arrival in Querétaro on October 13. He circumspectly sued for peace, and though he would end the war immediately, he carefully sounded out his hawkish associates for their ideas. He here admonishes the population to be mindful of the country’s honor and promises that the government will continue to function as best it can under the circumstances, although, as he notes, it has no income. He also takes an indirect swipe at his predecessors as being the cause of the war and subsequent Mexican defeat: “La República está sufriendo las consecuencias inevitables del desórden que han fomentado las facciones que la despedazan y el olvido absoluto de las reglas de moralidad y de justicia, sin las cuales los pueblos se pierden no dejando otra memoria que la de sus desgracias.... Por el contrario, si volvemos sobre nuestros pasos, y si á este desconcierto general substituimos la concordia el órden, la guerra sera feliz, la paz honorosa, y verémos comenzar una era de abundancia y prosperidad” (p. 7).
Peña y Peña (1789-1850) was an important Mexican politician and public figure who held several high offices during his career, including twice being president of Mexico for brief terms.
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