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“The Mexican War is ended”

<p>Order 112, p. [1]</p>


UNITED STATES. ARMY. GENERAL ORDERS. Two general orders concerning the end of the war.

[1] Headquarters Army of Mexico, Mexico, May 29, 1848. General Orders 112. [1] 2-3 [1, blank] pp. 12mo (20.1 x 15.2 cm), disbound. Left margin somewhat uneven with old stitching holes, voids in gutter margin, slight vertical crease with small fold breaks, overall age toning. Signed by Lorenzo Thomas.

First edition. Garrett & Goodwin, p. 411.

A crucial development in the war with Mexico wherein Butler announces that the war is over and a peace treaty ratified. The remainder of the order concerns the withdrawal of all the troops, first to intermediate stops, and then to Veracruz as ships become available. All troops will be discharged at New Orleans, except for those from Georgia and South Carolina, which will be transported to Mobile. Horses will be transported only if there is room aboard the ships.

[2] War Department, Adjutant General’s Office, Washington, July 6, 1848. General Orders 35. [1] 2-5 [3, blank]. 16mo (17.5 x 12 cm), disbound. Left margin somewhat uneven with old stitching holes, voids in gutter margin. Overall very good. Signed by Roger Jones and with contemporary pencil signature of John B. Grayson, Mexican-American War soldier who became a Confederate general, on p. [1].

First edition.

Announces the end of the war and requires certain types of record keeping so that troops may be efficiently processed. Among its provisions are that deserters still at large “may peaceably return to their homes without being subject to punishment or trial on account of such desertion.” The last provision orders troops to trim their hair since hair styles allowed during the war will no longer be permitted.


Two informative orders that not only announce the peace but also make provisions for bringing the troops home. No doubt Butler’s order was met with widespread acclaim among the troops.


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