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American Star Imprint of Official List of Officers, With the Map

<p>TItle page</p>


UNITED STATES. ARMY. Official List of Officers Who Marched with the Army under the Command of Major General Winfield Scott, from Puebla upon the City of Mexico, the Seventh, Eighth, Ninth and Tenth of August, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty-Seven, and Who Were Engaged in the Battles of Mexico. Mexico City: American Star Print, 1848. [24] pp., lithograph military map on thin wove paper (Battles of Mexico Survey of the Line of Operations of the U.S. Army, under the Command of Major General Winfield Scott on the 19th. & 20th. of August & 8th. 12th. & 13th. Septr. 1847. Made by Major Turnbull, Captain McClellan & Lieut. Hardcastle, Topol. Engineers. Drawn by Lieut. Hardcastle, neat line to neat line: 23.8 x 16 cm). Two printed errata slips, one pasted to title verso. Oblong 4to (20 x 26 cm), original printed tan paper wrappers, stitched. Wrappers slightly chipped and tanned, lower right corners missing (slightly affecting text on one page). Overall a very good copy of a rare U.S. Army imprint, seldom found with the map. With contemporary ink signature on upper wrapper.

First edition. Connor & Faulk 211. Eberstadt 106:212: “The original issue of the famous production of the ‘American Star Press.’ Printed in the field upon the types and press of the Army of Occupation.” Garrett & Goodwin, p. 131. Haferkorn, p. 54 (citing one of the four photostatic copies made by the Library of Congress, August, 1912, from the original loaned by Brig. Gen. B.K. Roberts). Harper 110:1037: “Excessively rare”; Eberstadt 163:135: “This is probably the most interesting piece printed by the American Star Press, the military press established by General Scott after entering Mexico City.” Howell 52:233. Howes S243: “Printed on the occupying army’s own press.” Kurutz & Mathes, p. 179. Ramos 3148. Sabin 56771.

Despite those assertions, little evidence exists to suggest that the piece was printed on a portable army press. As numerous accounts in other pieces in this collection indicate, Scott had plenty of printers but no press. Lota M. Spell seems to demonstrate fairly decisively that almost all of the publications published by U.S. citizens and soldiers that appeared in Mexico from 1846 to 1848 were in fact produced by captured Mexican printing equipment, a practice Spell characterizes as “foraging on the enemy” (“The Anglo-Saxon Press in Mexico, 1846-1848,” The American Historical Review, Vol. 38, No. 1, p. 25). Edwin H. Carpenter, Jr. in “Army Field Printing in the New World,” PBSA 50.2 (1956) states: “Wherever the American forces went, including Mexico City, there was an output of printed matter, particularly newspapers, but as yet I have found no evidence of the use of field presses. Apparently captured or hired local presses were used, and the work done by civilian camp-followers or former soldiers who had remained with the army after their discharge” (p. 174). Those conclusions are most recently supported by Tom Reilly, War with Mexico! America’s Reporters Cover the Battlefront (Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 2010), passim. The American Star started at Xalapa and eventually moved to Mexico City. Certainly the lithograph map was not printed on a portable army press.

“Compiled by command of Major General Scott and dated February 7, 1848, the list is divided into columns giving name, corps, when and where employed (which included battles fought in), and remarks. The remarks column noted if the officer had been killed or wounded. The ‘Battles of Mexico’ depicts the theater of war in and around Mexico City.” (Kurutz & Mathes). This publication is a detailed look at the actions and fates of the officers who were in Scott’s army. As is often noted, it is a Who’s Who of officers who later served in the Civil War, such as Robert E. Lee, P.G.T. Beauregard, U.S. Grant, Stonewall Jackson, and many others.


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