2690. HUBBARD, Lester A. (ed.). Ballads and Songs from Utah.... Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1961. xxi  475 pp., illustrations. Large 8vo, original green cloth. Fine, in d.j. with edge wear.
First edition. Music transcription by Kenly W. Whitelock. Collection of traditional songs and ballads sung by Mormons and other pioneers who migrated to Utah between 1847 and 1900, including “The Dying Cowboy” (a version of “Streets of Laredo”), “O Bury Me Not on the Lone Prairie,” etc. $20.00
2691. HUBBS, Barney (comp.). Robert Clay Allison: Gentleman Gunfighter, 1840-1887. Pecos, Texas: West of the Pecos Museum, 1966. 40 pp., illustrations (mostly photographic). Tall 8vo, original yellow pictorial wrappers. Fine, signed by author.
First edition. Guns 1058: “The last half of the book (including sixteen pages of plates) tells about W. D. Johnson, a Pecos rancher and businessman.” Cover title: “Shadows along the Pecos.” $20.00
2692. HUCKABAY, Ida Lasater. Ninety-Four Years in Jack County, 1854-1948. [Austin: Steck Company, 1949]. xvi, 513 [1, appendix] pp., photographic illustrations, foldout map, tables. 8vo, original navy blue cloth. Fine, with author’s signed inscription.
First edition. CBC 2566. Guns 1059 (misspelling author’s name): “In her chapter ‘Law and Lawlessness on the Frontier,’ the author deals with outlaws and robberies of West Texas.” Herd 1088. Tate, Indians of Texas 3027: “Compilation of previously published newspaper articles and book excerpts tracing the chronological development of northwestern Texas. Roughly half of the book deals with the Indian question and general frontier life, including a transcript of the famed Jacksboro trial of Satanta and Big Tree, reports of military operations against Comanches and Kiowas, localized Indian depredations, and the later lives of such men as Big Tree and Quanah Parker.... Well worth consulting for details not available in other sources.” This scarce local history contains much on ranching, outlaws, and Frank Canton (a.k.a. Joe Horner). $75.00
2693. HUDSON, A. V. The Land Where the Cowboy Grows. Denver: Carson-Harper, 1915. 36  pp., printed in green and with the Circle AH brand on almost every page, 3 plates (2 tinted green, the other in full color). 8vo, original tan pictorial wrappers with illustration of cowboy and Indian paintbrush with blossoms colored orange. Wrappers lightly soiled and worn (three small holes in gutter margin), internally very good. Scarce.
First edition. Poetry; selections include “The Cowboy’s Valentine,” “At the Stock Show,” “The Land Where the Cowboy Grows,” “When the Lasso Scored,” etc. Hudson was associated with the Circle A. H. Ranch. $35.00
2694. HUDSON, W. H. & R. B. Cunninghame Graham. Gauchos of the Pampas and Their Horses. Hanover: Westholm Publications, 1963. 86  pp. 8vo, original half green cloth over striped boards, spine gilt-lettered. Very fine in fine d.j.
First edition, limited edition (400 copies). Foreword by J. Frank Dobie. McVicker B133. Dobie, Guide to the Life and Literature of the Southwest, p. 123: “No combination of knowledge, sympathy, imagination, and craftsmanship has produced stories and sketches about the cowboy equal to those of the gaucho by W. H. Hudson.” $30.00
2695. HUDSON, Wilson M. Andy Adams, Storyteller and Novelist of the Great Plains. Austin: Steck-Vaughan, . ii  44 pp. Small 8vo, original beige printed wrappers. Fine.
First printing. Southwest Writers Series 4. Biography and selected bibliography of one of the premier range authors. $10.00
2696. HUDSON, Wilson M. & Allen Maxwell (eds.). The Sunny Slopes of Long Ago. Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, . viii  204 pp., frontispiece photograph, photographic plates. 8vo, original yellow cloth, spine gilt-lettered. One small spot on front endpaper, otherwise very fine in fine d.j.
First edition. Publications of the Texas Folklore Society 33. Basic Texas Books 203:33. Guns 1061: “Contains a chapter on Billy the Kid and the Lincoln County War.” Designed by William Wittliff, this memorial to long-time series editor J. Frank Dobie includes one of Dobie’s last pieces (a tribute to folklorist John Lomax), as well as Wittliff’s essay on Dobie’s contribution to the folklore of the American Southwest. Also included are “The Cowboy: His Cause and Cure,” by Eugene Manlove Rhodes; “The Cowboy Enters the Movies,” by Mody C. Boatright; and selections by Andy Adams and John Lomax. $15.00
2697. HUGHEL, Leath Avvon Chew. The Chew Bunch in Browns Park. [San Francisco]: Scrimshaw Press, 1970.  103  pp., frontispiece, maps, illustrations, brands, pictorial endsheets. 8vo, original grey cloth. Fine in original mylar d.j.
First edition, limited edition (1,000 copies). Edited by Dave Bohn, preface by O. Dock Marston. The author’s family was among the first to settle in Browns Park, an area frequented by a colorful cast of characters that included Butch Cassidy and the McCarty Gang. Family history and personal recollections of a pioneer family who came to Colorado in 1901. Nine of the children took key places in handling the horses, the gear, and the combined herds of the Circle Dot and the Flying Diamond cattle. From introduction: “The increase in California population in the 1850s inspired some Texans to drive cattle west, and Browns Hole was used for wintering.... The cattle drives from Texas in the 1850s were expanded in 1866 as the rails opened the mountain states to commercial stocking and as wintering in the isolated valley increased.... When settlers moved in and built cabins, claiming land under the 1877 Desert Land Act and bringing cattle, sheep, and horses, they created the usual conflicts for range and crowded the old life patterns” (pp. x-xi). The Chew ranching operation, now on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places, existed from 1900 to 1949 in what is now Dinosaur National Monument in northwestern Colorado. $50.00
2698. HUGHES, Anne E. The Beginning of Spanish Settlement in the El Paso District. [El Paso: El Paso Public Schools, 1935].  -392 pp. 8vo, original brown cloth. Spine sunned, else fine.
Limited edition (500 copies); offprint from University of California Publications in History 1:3, 1914. CBC 1556. Saunders 2549. First scholarly treatment of this subject, based on papers discovered by Bolton, with insight into the earliest stock-raising ventures in the region. The prevailing pattern of cattle raising in the seventeenth century was that the number of cattle sent from the interior of Mexico to the El Paso region was enormous, and the herds quickly grew, only to be rustled by Native Americans. $25.00
2699. HUGHES, Elizabeth. The California of the Padres; or, Footprints of Ancient Communism. San Francisco: L. N. Choynski, 1875.  41 pp. 8vo, original grey printed wrappers. Light wear and soiling to fragile wrappers, spine chipped, some marginal browning, else fine.
First edition. Cowan, p. 295: “A remarkable example of unblest proof-reading wherein ‘Junípero Serra’ has been misprinted ‘Jumpero Lerra.’” Eberstadt 132:138: “Early history of the missions and mission life.” Howell 50, California 533. Weber, The California Missions, p. 54. The views of the author are barely tolerable, but the book does provide some information on Spanish mission ranching, comparing Spanish missionaries to the progressives of the 1870s. “One of the most interesting examples of the tendency to endow Spanish California with the attributes of a lost utopia” (Kevin Starr, Americans and the California Dream, New York: Oxford University Press, p. 395). $35.00
2700. [HUGHES, Gerard]. A Gone to Texas Christmas Keepsake. [Austin: David Holman for Book Club of Texas, 2000].  pp., color cover illustration, facsimile of manuscript poem. Large 8vo greeting card. Very fine.
First printing. Christmas greeting card from the Book Club of Texas: “In 1889 Gerard Hughes, one of the letter writers of G. T. T. Gone to Texas, created this cowboy ‘old man Christmas’ greeting for his father W. Hastings Hughes, and stepmother Sarah Forbes Hughes.” $5.00
2701. HUGHES, Richard B. Pioneer Years in the Black Hills: Prospector, Miner, Cattleman, Frontier Printer, Surveyor-General, Real Estate Developer, and Pioneer Newspaper Reporter. Glendale: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1957. 366 pp., frontispiece, maps, portraits, illustrations, ads. 8vo, original red cloth. Very fine, unopened.
First edition. Western Frontiersmen Series 6; edited by Agnes Wright Spring. Clark & Brunet 127. Guns 1066: “Has material dealing with Calamity Jane, the death of Wild Bill Hickok, and the trial of Jack McCallas, and has a chapter on the early-day road agents.” Jennewein, Black Hills Book Trails 99: “Hughes walked into the Hills from Nebraska in 1876 and became a pioneer newspaper reporter.... Well-edited and important book.” Among the references to cattle and ranching are discussions of the pros and cons of buffalo grass; problems with rustlers; severe cold weather and keeping the cattle from lying down in the live coals; etc. The author established a cattle ranch in the North Grand River country which he left in the care of a foreman while the was running the Holy Terror mine. He had counted on making a good investment, but three years into the venture an unusually cold winter and the drinking and gambling of the foreman dashed those hopes. $75.00
2702. HUGHES, Thomas. Vacation Rambles. London & New York: Macmillan, 1895. x, 405  pp. 8vo, original green ribbed cloth, spine gilt-lettered. Binding worn and faded, slightly shelf-slanted, some chipping to fore-edges, generally good.
First edition. Nisbet, British Comment on the United States: A Chronological Bibliography, 1832–1899 3013: “A series of letters with additions and omissions, from the Spectator 1880-1886.” This compilation is a record of the always amusing and highly literate British author’s travels, which included America, with sections on “Life in Texas” and “Notes from the West” (see next entry for Hughes’s more familiar G. T. T.). In his letter from Rugby, Tennessee (September 10, 1880), Hughes describes his encounter with a “rancheman” from the Rio Grande who in previous years made 2,000-mile-long cattle drives from Southern Texas north to Colorado and Kansas. Hughes declares: “His experience of Western life is as racy as a volume of Bret Harte,” and proceeds to relate a session in Judge Roy Bean’s court involving an inebriated cowboy who was rolled. Judge Bean pulled out his watch and declared to the culprit: “You’ve got just five minutes to clear out of this town, and if you ever come in again, we’ll hang you.” The author suggests that England might be spared superfluous litigation with such an approach. At p. 233 is a letter titled and dated: “Life in Texas. Ranche on the Rio Grande, 16th September 1884,” in which Hughes gives a most intricate and amusing description of the “tumble bug” (dung beetle) he encountered on the Texas Ranche, comparing the little critter to a Mexican weighing ten stone pushing a bale of cotton eight feet in diameter and weighing a half ton. The author follows with a lengthy, vivid description of his participation with two mounted English cowboys in weaning a “dude” calf by lassoing and applying a horse-ring in the nose. No detail is omitted, from clothing and gear to what they ate and the background of the calves being roughly weaned. $35.00
2703. HUGHES, Thomas (ed.). G. T. T. Gone to Texas: Letters from Our Boys. London: Macmillan and Company, 1884. xiii  228 pp. 12mo, original dark green cloth, spine gilt-lettered. Head of spine worn, endpapers foxed, bookseller’s small label on rear pastedown, overall very good. Editor’s presentation inscription on half-title.
First edition (issue without printer’s imprint on last page). Basic Texas Books 98B. Clark, New South I:108: “It is a capital book and gives an excellent account of cattle- and sheep-ranching in Texas. There is much data on English sheep, Angora goats, German settlers, cotton culture, Mexican laborers, and wages in Texas from 1878 to 1884. One of the best accounts of Texas immigrants and ranch life of the period. Extremely valuable.” Herd 1091: “Scarce.” Rader 1974. Raines, p. 121. Highly entertaining account based on letters from three young Englishmen who bought 800 acres near Boerne in 1878 and by 1883 had a successful cattle, sheep, and horse ranch. Their letters were edited by their father, author of the English classic Tom Brown’s School Days. $100.00
2704. HUGHES, Thomas (ed.). G. T. T. Gone to Texas.... New York: Macmillan and Company, 1884. xiii  228 pp. 12mo, original dark green cloth, spine gilt-lettered. Poor condition, with hinges broken and binding detached, foxing to endpapers, and pencil notations in text.
First American edition (with Oxford printer’s imprint on last page). Basic Texas Books 98A. $50.00
2705. HUGHES, Thomas (ed.). Gone to Texas: Letters from Our Boys (1878-1889). Introduction, Addenda, and Annotations by John R. DeBruyn. Edited by Christine Gilbert. With a Foreword by Elmer Kelton. [Austin]: Book Club of Texas, 2000. lii  259 pp., frontispiece, illustrations (many photographic, others from original sketches by Gerard Hughes), map. 8vo, original grey cloth over decorated boards. Very fine in slipcase.
Limited edition (350 copies, this copy “extra for Dorothy Sloan”), with new introduction, notes by John R. DeBruyn, foreword by Elmer Kelton, and index. This Book Club of Texas edition is also enriched with additional letters discovered while researching for the present publication as well as with reproductions of many sketches and cartoons of ranch life drawn by Gerard Hughes. $100.00
2706. [HUGHES, W. E.]. The Journal of a Grandfather. [St. Louis: Privately printed, 1912]. 239 pp., frontispiece portrait, photographic plates. 8vo, original half maize cloth over brown boards, t.e.g. Fine, with dated presentation from the author. An often overlooked range item.
First edition, limited edition (100 copies). Dornbusch II:1042: “Hughes served in the 1st Texas artillery and as a Colonel of the 16th Confederate States Cavalry.” Dykes, Collecting Range Life Literature, p. 9: “The Colonel was a sheepherder, frontier lawyer, banker and ranch owner. Very rare.” Graff 2007. Howes C856 (misplaced). Author’s account of his life as a soldier, cowboy, ranchman, and stagecoach driver in the West. He served under McCulloch in the Confederate Army and settled in Young County, Texas. Hughes includes much on his years of experience with cattle as well as an appraisal of the cattle industry in Texas in the late 1800s, with information on the King Ranch, Charles Goodnight, and Indian depredations. According to Hughes’s historical marker on the courthouse lawn at Childress, Texas: “Until 1898, ran only longhorns. Was said to have had the largest men, most practical jokers, longest cattle drives, biggest horses in Texas.” Handbook of Texas Online: William Edgar Hughes (good, long article, including): “By practicing law and trading in land and livestock he became one of the wealthiest men in Dallas. After seven years he moved to St. Louis, Missouri, where he became president of the Continental Land and Cattle Company, which had extensive ranch holdings in Texas and Montana…. In his Texas land dealings he was often in partnership with Christopher Columbus Slaughter.” $750.00
2707. [HUGHES, W. E.]. The Journal of a Grandfather. [St. Louis: Privately printed, 1912]. Another copy. Fine. Edward Borein’s copy, with his illustrated bookplate on front pastedown, and with presentation inscription to Borein from the “Granddaughter.” $750.00
2708. HUIDEKOPER, A. C. My Experience and Investment in the Bad Lands of Dakota and Some of the Men I Met There. Baltimore: Wirth Brothers, 1947. 58 pp., frontispiece, photographic illustrations. 8vo, original beige decorated wrappers. Fine, signed by Usher L. Burdick, author of the introduction. Scarce in commerce.
First edition. Herd 1092. The author was one of the first major ranchers in North Dakota, and a contemporary of Teddy Roosevelt and the Marquis de Mores. $125.00
2709. HUIDEKOPER, Wallis. The Land of the Dacotahs. Helena: Montana Stockgrowers Association, n.d. (1950?). 16 pp., map, illustrations. 4to, original beige printed self-wrappers. Fine. Scarce.
First edition. Herd 1093. Includes a chapter on “The Coming of the Cowman,” in which the author attributes the transition of the region to ranching due to the extermination of buffalo and restrictions on the Sioux. He also states: “Without doubt the greatest single movement of livestock in the history of the world occurred shortly after the close of the Civil War when the droves of southern trail herds were seeking northern ranges, for the Texas cowmen had unwillingly accumulated top heavy herds during the four years of conflict.... The first real ranch to be located north of the Black Hills was the Hash Knife of Texas.... The trail drivers were southerners and finished cowmen, born and raised in the business, coming north with their Texas cattle, remudas of small, active Spanish horses and capable cowhands.” Wallis Huidekoper (1870-1956), a Two Dot, Montana, rancher, was born in Germantown, and when sixteen spent a summer vacation on the North Dakota Ranch of his cousin, A. C. Huidekoper. After graduating from the University of Pennsylvania, Huidekoper returned to his cousin’s ranch, where he worked as a horse wrangler. In 1906 he bought a ranch on the eastern slope of the Crazy Mountains in Montana and eventually enlarged it to 33,280 acres on the American Fork of the Musselshell River. He served in the Spanish-American War and World War I, in the latter in the Aviation Section of the Signal Corps, rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel. In addition to his ranching and military careers, Huidekoper was a book collector, a historical writer, and a collector of Charles M. Russell art. Huidekoper also wrote Modern Beef Cattle Breeding and Ranching Methods (1947), served as president of the Montana Stockgrowers’ Association in 1921, and was a member of the American Bison Society. $100.00
2710. HULBERT, Archer Butler, et al., (eds.). Overland to the Pacific Series. [Colorado Springs]: Stewart Commission of Colorado College and The Denver Public Library, 1932-1941. 6 works in 8 vols., 8vo, original cloth. Fine set. Each of the 6 works stands alone on its own, but it is difficult to find the complete set.
[Series No. 1] Hulbert, Archer Butler & Stephen Harding Hart (eds.). Zebulon Pike’s Arkansaw Journal: in Search of the Southern Louisiana Purchase Boundary Line (Interpreted by His Newly Recovered Maps). 1932. xcvi, 200 pp., frontispiece portrait of Pike, maps, and plates Slightly shaken and some writing at front, otherwise fine. Overland to the Pacific 1. Basic Texas Books 163H. Howes H259. Plains & Rockies 9n. Rittenhouse 467n. Smith 8150. Wynar 191. Scant references to ranching or cattle, but included as part of the complete set of the Overland to the Pacific Series.
[Series No. 2] HULBERT, Archer Butler (ed.). Southwest on the Turquoise Trail: The First Diaries on the Road to Santa Fe. 1933. xiv  301 pp., frontispiece, maps, illustrations. Very fine, unopened. Dykes, Western High Spots, p. 12 (“Western Movement—Its Literature”). Rittenhouse 313: “A group of essential source documents about the SFT.” Saunders 2973. Tate, Indians of Texas 2223: “Presents the following firsthand accounts of life along the Santa Fe Trail: Pedro Vial’s Diary of 1792; William Becknell’s Journal of 1821-1822; M. M. Marmaduke’s Journal of 1824; Joseph C. Brown’s 1825-1827 survey of the Santa Fe Trail; George Sibley’s 1825-1826 Diary; and Alphonso Wetmore’s Diary of 1828.” Here are the first diaries of the men who blazed the Santa Fe Trail, portions of which were used in the heyday of the cattle drives (“The Santa Fe Trail essentially was a route of commerce, but...parts of it were often traversed by cattlemen with their droves in the years before the railroads put the cattle trails out of business forever”—Freeman, Prose and Poetry of the Live Stock Industry, p. 525). Those portions of the Santa Fe Trail allowed fortunes to be made and lost by the cowboys and ranchers who rounded up wild strays in Texas and drove them north. Included is the 1821-1822 journal of William Becknell (1787?-1865?), who established the trail. According to an advertisement Becknell placed in the Missouri Intelligencer newspaper, his intent was “for the purpose of trading for horses and mules and catching wild animals of every description.”
[Series No. 3] HULBERT, Archer Butler (ed.). Where Rolls the Oregon: Prophet and Pessimist Look Northwest. 1933. xv  244 pp., frontispiece, illustrations, maps. Very light shelf wear, ownership penned in front, else fine. First edition. Smith 4798.
[Series No. 4] HULBERT, Archer Butler (ed.). The Call of the Columbia: Iron Men and Saints Take the Oregon Trail. 1934. xvii  317 pp., frontispiece, plates, maps. Very light shelf wear, otherwise fine. First edition. Smith 4795. Collection of documents by and relating to early Oregon Trail pioneers Hall J. Kelley, Nathaniel J. Wyeth, John Ball, John K. Townsend, and Lemuel Ford, with inroads into ranching history, such as Oregon booster Hall J. Kelley, whose glowing promotion of Oregon led to the formation of the Willamette Cattle Company.
[Series No. 5] HULBERT, Archer Butler & Dorothy Printup Hulbert (eds.). The Oregon Crusade: Across Land and Sea to Oregon. 1935. xvi, 301 pp., frontispiece, plates, portrait, maps (1 folded). Light shelf wear, hinge cracked. First edition. Good information on land and sea routes to Oregon, with chapters on the Hawaiian pathway, Jonathan Green’s report on the Northwest coast, Flathead Indian missions, Jason Lee, Parker, Whitman, etc.
[Series No. 6] HULBERT, Archer Butler & Dorothy Printup Hulbert (eds.). Marcus Whitman, Crusader. xii,  341 pp. [covering 1802-1839] + xiii  275 pp. [covering 1839-1843] + xii  342 pp. [covering 1843-1847], frontispieces, illustrations, maps. 1936-1938-1941. 3 vols. Fine in near fine dust jackets, unopened. First edition. These three volumes on Marcus Whitman and his work have many references to the importance of cattle for the success of the mission, including Whitman’s continual plea not only for missionaries but also for “sheep growers” and “cattle growers.” “In 1789 the Spanish brought the first cattle to the Northwest at Nootka Bay on Vancouver Island. Marcus Whitman brought the cattle to the region east of the Cascade Mountains in 1836.... These drives contributed significantly to development of the livestock industry east of the Rockies, although they have been largely neglected by writers who chose, rather, to popularize the cattle drives from Texas and the Southwest” (William A. Galbraith & E. William Anderson, “Grazing History of the Northwest” in Journal of Range Management 24:1 (January 1971). Pp. 6-12). $400.00
2711. HUMPHREY, Robert R. Arizona Range Grasses: Their Description, Forage Value, and Management. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, . 159 pp., profusely illustrated with drawings by Lucretia Breazeale Hamilton. 8vo, original green photographic wrappers. Very fine.
Later edition, revised and enlarged. An ever-evolving publication which began in 1952 with Bulletin 243, Arizona (Agricultural Experiment Station). Powell, Arizona Gathering II 866n (citing the 1958 edition). $15.00
2712. HUMPHREY, Seth K. Following the Prairie Frontier. [Minneapolis]: University of Minnesota Press, .  264  pp., frontispiece, decorations by Hilma Berglund. 8vo, original tan cloth. Fine in lightly worn d.j.
First edition. Guns 1070. Herd 1099. Smith 4812. This vivid autobiography of boyhood reminiscences of pioneer life in Minnesota, western Nebraska, and the Dakotas contains many stock characters of Western history—claim-jumpers, horse thieves, vigilantes, Indian mystics, prairie “racketeers,” disillusioned homesteaders, and scalp-hunting Sioux. The author, as a traveling agent for a farm mortgage company, had the unenviable job of “mopping up” after the land boom of the 1880s. There is information on cattle and sheep grazing as well as cowboys, bull-whacking, and bronco-busting. $20.00
2713. HUMPHREYS, A. A., George M. Wheeler, et al. Preliminary Report Concerning Explorations and Surveys Principally in Nevada and Arizona.... Washington: GPO, 1872. 96 pp., folding lithographed map showing the Bull Run Mining District in Nevada to Tucson (Explorations in Nevada and Arizona. U.S. Engineer Department. Exploration and Surveys South of Central Pacific R.R. War Department Preliminary Topographical Map....During the Summer and Fall of 1871. Louis Nell. Chief Topographer and Draughtsman; border to border: 72 x 56 cm). 4to, original green cloth with gilt lettering on upper cover. Light discoloration of binding (mainly affecting lower cover), temoigne on lower corner of title page, otherwise fine, the map superb. Front free endpaper and title with 1872 ink ownership signatures of Thomas Smith, First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Boston.
First edition. Edwards, Enduring Desert, p. 256: “These explorations touch upon California desert areas, particularly in and around Death Valley.” Flake 9720: “References to Mormons and Mormon roads.” Howes H792 & W3. Paher, Nevada 2135: “Wheeler conducted the first official explorations of southern Nevada’s interior area. His corps of engineers contributed to the report concerning the climate, geology, wildlife, the Indians and white settlement of southern Nevada in 1871. The map contains dozens of place names and is in itself a significant record. A valuable report.” Rumsey 2738.105n. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 1237 & V(2), pp. 338-39: “Enough of the West is shown to give the map great interest.” An early report from the project Wheeler led to survey the U.S. west of the 100th meridian. The map is a preliminary topographical map of southeastern California, Arizona, and Nevada, running from the Catalina Mountains near Tucson north to Elko. The fieldwork ran from 1871 to 1879, and the hardships of the explorations permanently broke Wheeler’s health.
The work includes occasional observations on ranches, such as Las Vegas Ranch (the earliest ranch in the Las Vegas area, established by Octavius Gass). In the section on “Agricultural and Grazing Lands,” the author comments: “In the matter of natural facilities for grazing large herds of stock, Arizona ranks Nevada; in the number of mining districts Nevada leads far in the advance. As far as the probable amount of bullion from the two, at a time twenty years from now, is concerned, it is hard to say. It is believed that after the Indian difficulty is settled, and railroads are brought into Arizona, that districts already examined will be worked profitably, and stimulus given to further and more careful prospecting. When the Indians have become peaceable, the valleys and rolling foot hills will afford the most excellent pasturage for very large herds of stock, with their covering of bunch and gramma grasses. At the present time, stock not herded by a respectable force is not safe in any portion of Arizona, except at certain localities along the Lower Gila and Colorado, and in the Hualapais country, or northwestern part of the Territory. It is safe, also, to say that the time is close at hand when these areas will become great grazing grounds.” $250.00
2714. HUNT, Aurora. Kirby Benedict, Frontier Federal Judge: An Account of Legal and Judicial Development in the Southwest, 1853-1874, with Special Reference to the Indian, Slavery, Social and Political Affairs, Journalism, and a Chapter on Circuit Riding with Abraham Lincoln in Illinois.... Glendale: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1961. 255 pp., frontispiece, plates, maps. 8vo, original red cloth. Very fine, unopened.
First edition. Western Frontiersmen Series 8. Clark & Brunet 131: “Benedict’s [1811-1874] major contribution to Southwest justice was in aiding in the transition from Spanish-Mexican to Anglo-American law and legal procedure. He served as Chief Justice of the Territory of New Mexico from 1858 until 1866.” Judge Benedict, a native of Connecticut, studied in Natchez under John Anthony Quitman, who taught him French, Spanish, and law; the latter two subjects served him well as Federal judge in New Mexico. Judge Benedict rode the circuit in Springfield and practiced law with Abraham Lincoln. Ranching content includes the 1842 repeal of payment of bounties for wolf scalps (to which the rancher and farmers objected); passage of a law requiring installation of a twenty-pound bell that the engineer was required to ring within eighty rods of a railroad crossing to warn stray cattle from crossing the track; etc. Judge Benedict’s policy statement in 1873 when he became owner of the Union newspaper was: “We intend that the Union shall discharge its duty to the public in advancing the main interests upon which the future wealth and prosperity of New Mexico depends. The most permanent industry is cattle and sheep raising.” $30.00